Chapter 16
Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu Tastes Nectar from the Lips of Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa
The Sixteenth Chapter is summarized by Śrīla Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura in his Amṛta-pravāha-bhāṣya. When the Bengali devotees of the Lord returned to Jagannātha Purī, a gentleman named Kālidāsa who was an uncle of Raghunātha dāsa Gosvāmī went with them to see Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu. Kālidāsa had tasted the remnants of food of all the Vaiṣṇavas in Bengal, even Jhaḍu Ṭhākura. Because of this, he received the shelter of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu at Jagannātha Purī.
When Kavi-karṇapūra was only seven years old, he was initiated by Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu into the Hare Kṛṣṇa mahā-mantra. He later became the greatest poet among the Vaiṣṇava ācāryas.
When Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu ate the remnants of food known as vallabha-bhoga, He described the glories of such remnants of the Lord's food and then fed all the devotees the prasāda. Thus they all tasted adharāmṛta, the nectar from the lips of Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa.
TEXT 1
vande śrī-kṛṣṇa-caitanyaṁ
kṛṣṇa-bhāvāmṛtaṁ hi yaḥ
āsvādyāsvādayan bhaktān
prema-dīkṣām aśikṣayat
SYNONYMS
vande—I offer my respectful obeisances; śrī-kṛṣṇa-caitanyam—unto Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; kṛṣṇa-bhāva-amṛtam—the nectar of ecstatic love of Kṛṣṇa; hi—certainly; yaḥ—He who; āsvādya—tasting; āsvādayan—causing to taste; bhaktān—the devotees; prema—in love of Kṛṣṇa; dīkṣām—initiation; aśikṣayat—instructed.
TRANSLATION
Let me offer my respectful obeisances unto Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu, who personally tasted the nectar of ecstatic love for Kṛṣṇa and then instructed His devotees how to taste it. Thus He enlightened them about ecstatic love of Kṛṣṇa to initiate them into transcendental knowledge.
TEXT 2
jaya jaya śrī-caitanya jaya nityānanda
jayādvaita-candra jaya gaura-bhakta-vṛnda
SYNONYMS
jaya jaya—all glories; śrī-caitanya—to Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa Caitanya Mahāprabhu; jaya—all glories; nityānanda—to Nityānanda Prabhu; jaya—all glories; advaita-candra—to Advaita Ācārya; jaya—all glories; gaura-bhakta-vṛnda—to all the devotees of Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu.
TRANSLATION
All glories to Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu! All glories to Lord Nityānanda! All glories to Advaita Ācārya! And all glories to all the devotees of the Lord!
TEXT 3
ei-mata mahāprabhu rahena nīlācale
bhakta-gaṇa-saṅge sadā prema-vihvale
SYNONYMS
ei-mata—in this way; mahāprabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; rahena—stays; nīlācale—in Jagannātha Purī; bhakta-gaṇa-saṅge—in the association of devotees; sadā—always; prema-vihvale—merged in ecstatic love.
TRANSLATION
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu thus stayed at Jagannātha Purī in the association of His devotees, always merged in ecstatic devotional love.
TEXT 4
varṣāntare āilā saba gauḍera bhakta-gaṇa
pūrvavat āsi' kaila prabhura milana
SYNONYMS
varṣa-antare—the next year; āilā—came; saba—all; gauḍera—of Bengal; bhakta-gaṇa—the devotees; pūrva-vat—as previously; āsi'-coming; kaila—did; prabhura milana—meeting with Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu.
TRANSLATION
The next year, as usual, all the devotees from Bengal went to Jagannātha Purī, and, as in previous years, there was a meeting between Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu and the devotees.
TEXT 5
tāṅ-sabāra saṅge āila kālidāsa nāma
kṛṣṇa-nāma vinā teṅho nāhi kahe āna
SYNONYMS
tāṅ-sabāra saṅge—with all of them; āila—came; kāli-dāsa nāma—a man named Kālidāsa; kṛṣṇa-nāma—the holy name of Kṛṣṇa; vinā—besides; teṅho—he; nāhi—does not; kahe—say; āna—anything else.
TRANSLATION
Along with the devotees from Bengal came a gentleman named Kālidāsa. He never uttered anything but the holy name of Kṛṣṇa.
TEXT 6
mahā-bhāgavata teṅho sarala udāra
kṛṣṇa-nāma-'saṅkete' cālāya vyavahāra
SYNONYMS
mahā-bhāgavata—a highly advanced devotee; teṅho—he; sarala udāra—very simple and liberal; kṛṣṇa-nāma-saṅkete—with chanting of the holy name of Kṛṣṇa; cālāya—performs; vyavahāra—ordinary dealings.
TRANSLATION
Kālidāsa was a very advanced devotee, yet he was simple and liberal. He would chant the holy name of Kṛṣṇa while performing all his ordinary dealings.
TEXT 7
kautukete teṅho yadi pāśaka khelāya
'hare kṛṣṇa' 'kṛṣṇa' kari' pāśaka cālāya
SYNONYMS
kautukete—in jest; teṅho—he; yadi—when; pāśaka khelāya—plays with dice; hare kṛṣṇa—the holy name of the Lord; kṛṣṇaKṛṣṇa; kari'-chanting; pāśaka cālāya—throws the dice.
TRANSLATION
When he used to throw dice in jest, he would throw the dice while chanting Hare Kṛṣṇa.
PURPORT
In this connection Śrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura warns the men of this age not to imitate the jesting of a mahā-bhāgavata like Kālidāsa. If someone imitates him by playing with dice or gambling while chanting the Hare Kṛṣṇa mahā-mantra, he will certainly become a victim of offenses unto the holy name. As it is said, hari-nāma-bale pāpe pravṛtti: one must not commit sinful activities on the strength of chanting the Hare Kṛṣṇa mantra. Playing with dice is certainly gambling, but it is clearly said here that Kālidāsa did this only in jest. A mahā-bhāgavata can do anything, but he never forgets the basic principles. Therefore it is said, vaiṣṇavera kriyā-mudrā vijñeha bujhaya: "No one can understand the activities of a pure devotee." We should not imitate Kālidāsa.
TEXT 8
raghunātha-dāsera teṅho haya jñāti-khuḍā
vaiṣṇavera ucchiṣṭa khāite teṅho haila buḍā
SYNONYMS
raghunātha-dāsera—of Raghunātha dāsa Gosvāmī; teṅho—he (Kālidāsa); haya—is; jñāti—relative; khuḍā—uncle; vaiṣṇavera—of the Vaiṣṇavas; ucchiṣṭa—remnants of food; khāite—eating; teṅho—he; haila—became; buḍā—aged.
TRANSLATION
Kālidāsa was an uncle of Raghunātha dāsa Gosvāmī. Throughout his entire life, even in his old age, he tried to eat the remnants of food left by Vaiṣṇavas.
TEXT 9
gauḍa-deśe haya yata vaiṣṇavera gaṇa
sabāra ucchiṣṭa teṅho karila bhojana
SYNONYMS
gauḍa-deśe—in Bengal; haya—are; yata—as many; vaiṣṇavera gaṇa—Vaiṣṇavas; sabāra—of all; ucchiṣṭa—remnants of food; teṅho—he; karila bhojana—ate.
TRANSLATION
Kālidāsa ate the remnants of food of as many Vaiṣṇavas as there were in Bengal.
TEXT 10
brāhmaṇa-vaiṣṇava yata--choṭa, baḍa haya
uttama-vastu bheṭa lañā tāṅra ṭhāñi yāya
SYNONYMS
brāhmaṇa-vaiṣṇava—Vaiṣṇavas coming from brāhmaṇa families; yata—all; choṭa—neophyte; baḍa—highly advanced; haya—are; uttama-vastu—first-class eatables; bheṭa lañā—taking as gifts; tāṅra ṭhāñi—to them; yāya—goes.
TRANSLATION
He would go to all the Vaiṣṇavas born in brāhmaṇa families, be they neophyte or advanced devotees, and present them gifts of first-class eatables.
TEXT 11
tāṅra ṭhāñi śeṣa-pātra layena māgiyā
kāhāṅ nā pāya, tabe rahe lukāñā
SYNONYMS
tāṅra ṭhāñi—from them; śeṣa-pātra—plates of remnants; layena—takes; māgiyā—begging; kāhāṅ—where; pāya—does not get; tabe—then; rahe—remains; lukāñā—hiding.
TRANSLATION
He would beg remnants of food from such Vaiṣṇavas, and if he did not receive any, he would hide.
TEXT 12
bhojana karile pātra phelāñā yāya
lukāñā sei pātra āni' cāṭi' khāya
SYNONYMS
bhojana karile—after eating; pātra—the plate; phelāñā yāya—is thrown away; lukāñā—hiding; sei pātra—that plate; āni'-bringing; cāṭi' khāya—he licks up.
TRANSLATION
After the Vaiṣṇavas finished eating, they would throw away their dishes or leaves, and Kālidāsa would come out of hiding, take the leaves and lick up the remnants.
TEXT 13
śūdra-vaiṣṇavera ghare yāya bheṭa lañā
ei-mata tāṅra ucchiṣṭa khāya lukāñā
SYNONYMS
śūdra-vaiṣṇavera—of Vaiṣṇavas born in śūdra families; ghare—at the homes; yāya—goes; bheṭa lañā—taking gifts; ei-mata—in this way; tāṅra—their; ucchiṣṭa—remnants of food; khāya—eats; lukāñā—hiding.
TRANSLATION
He would also take gifts to the homes of Vaiṣṇavas born in śūdra families. Then he would hide and eat the remnants of food they threw away in this manner.
TEXT 14
bhūṅimāli-jāti, 'vaiṣṇava'--'jhaḍu' tāṅra nāma
āmra-phala lañā teṅho gelā tāṅra sthāna
SYNONYMS
bhūṅimāli-jāti—belonging to the bhūṅimāli caste; vaiṣṇava—a great devotee; jhaḍuJhaḍu; tāṅra—his; nāma—name; āmra-phala—mango fruits; lañā—taking; teṅho—he; gelā—went; tāṅra sthāna—to his place.
TRANSLATION
There was a great Vaiṣṇava named Jhaḍu Ṭhākura, who belonged to the bhūṅimāli caste. Kālidāsa went to his home, taking mangoes with him.
PURPORT
Śrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura remarks that both Kālidāsa and Jhaḍu Ṭhākura are worshiped at a place called Śrīpāṭabāṭī, in the village known as Bhedo or Bhaduyā. This village is situated about three miles south of the village of Kṛṣṇapura, the birthplace of Raghunātha dāsa Gosvāmī, which is about one mile west of the Byāṇḍel junction of the Burdwan line. A post office there is named Devānanda-pura. Jhaḍu Ṭhākura used to worship the Deity of Śrī Madana-gopāla. The Deity is still worshiped by one Rāmaprasāda dāsa, who belongs to the rāmāyet community. It is said that the Deity worshiped by Kālidāsa had been worshiped until now in the village of Śaṅkhya on the bank of the Sarasvatī River, but the Deity has been taken away by a gentleman named Matilāla Caṭṭopādhyāya from the village of Triveṇī. The Deity is now being worshiped at his place.
TEXT 15
āmra bheṭa diyā tāṅra caraṇa vandilā
tāṅra patnīre tabe namaskāra kailā
SYNONYMS
āmra—mangoes; bheṭa—gift; diyā—presenting; tāṅra—his; caraṇa—feet; vandilā—offered respects to; tāṅra patnīre—to his wife; tabe—thereafter; namaskāra kailā—offered respectful obeisances.
TRANSLATION
Kālidāsa presented the mangoes to Jhaḍu Ṭhākura and offered him respectful obeisances. Then he also offered respectful obeisances to the Ṭhākura's wife.
TEXT 16
patnī-sahita teṅho āchena vasiyā
bahu sammāna kailā kālidāsere dekhiyā
SYNONYMS
patnī-sahita—with his wife; teṅho—he (Jhaḍu Ṭhākura); āchena vasiyā—was sitting; bahu—much; sammāna—respect; kailā—offered; kālidāsere dekhiyā—seeing Kālidāsa.
TRANSLATION
When Kālidāsa went to Jhaḍu Ṭhākura, he saw that saintly person sitting with his wife. As soon as Jhaḍu Ṭhākura saw Kālidāsa, he likewise offered his respectful obeisances unto him.
TEXT 17
iṣṭagoṣṭhī kata-kṣaṇa kari' tāṅra sane
jhaḍu-ṭhākura kahe tāṅre madhura vacane
SYNONYMS
iṣṭa-goṣṭhī—discussion; kata-kṣaṇa—for some time; kari'-performing; tāṅra sane—with him; jhaḍu-ṭhākuraJhaḍu Ṭhākura; kahe—says; tāṅre—unto him (Kālidāsa); madhura vacane—in sweet words.
TRANSLATION
After a discussion for some time with Kālidāsa, Jhaḍu Ṭhākura said something to him in sweet words.
TEXT 18
"āmi--nīca-jāti, tumi,--atithi sarvottama
kon prakāre karimu āmi tomāra sevana?
SYNONYMS
āmi—I; nīca-jāti—belong to a low caste; tumi—you; atithi—guest; sarva-uttama—very respectable; kon prakāre—how; karimu—shall perform; āmi—I; tomāra sevana—your service.
TRANSLATION
"I belong to a low caste, and you are a very respectable guest. How shall I serve you?
TEXT 19
ājñā deha',--brāhmaṇa-ghare anna lañā diye
tāhāṅ tumi prasāda pāo, tabe āmi jīye"
SYNONYMS
ājñā deha'-permit me; brāhmaṇa-ghare—to the house of a brāhmaṇa; anna—food; lañā diye—I shall offer; tāhāṅ—there; tumi—you; prasāda pāo—take prasāda; tabe—then; āmi—I; jīye—shall live.
TRANSLATION
"If you will permit me, I shall send some food to a brāhmaṇa's house, and there you may take prasāda. If you do so, I shall then live very comfortably."
TEXT 20
kālidāsa kahe,--"ṭhākura, kṛpā kara more
tomāra darśane āinu mui patita pāmare
SYNONYMS
kālidāsa kaheKālidāsa replied; ṭhākura—my dear saintly person; kṛpā kara—bestow your mercy; more—upon me; tomāra darśane—to see you; āinu—have come; mui—I; patita pāmare—very fallen and sinful.
TRANSLATION
Kālidāsa replied, "My dear sir, please bestow your mercy upon me. I have come to see you, although I am very fallen and sinful.
TEXT 21
pavitra ha-inu mui pāinu daraśana
kṛtārtha ha-inu, mora saphala jīvana
SYNONYMS
pavitra ha-inu—have become purified; mui—I; pāinu daraśana—have gotten your interview; kṛta-artha—obliged; ha-inu—I have become; mora—my; saphala—successful; jīvana—life.
TRANSLATION
"Simply by seeing you, I have become purified. I am very obligated to you, for my life is now successful.
TEXT 22
eka vāñchā haya,--yadi kṛpā kari' kara
pāda-raja deha', pāda mora māthe dhara"
SYNONYMS
eka vāñchā—one desire; haya—there is; yadi—if; kṛpā kari'-being merciful; kara—you do; pāda-raja—the dust of your feet; deha'-give; pāda—feet; mora—my; māthe—on the head; dhara—please place.
TRANSLATION
"My dear sir, I have one desire. Please be merciful to me by kindly placing your feet upon my head so that the dust on your feet may touch it."
TEXT 23
ṭhākura kahe,--"aiche vāt kahite nā yuyāya
āmi--nīca-jāti, tumi--susajjana rāya"
SYNONYMS
ṭhākura kaheJhaḍu Ṭhākura said; aiche vāt—such a request; kahite yuyāya—should not be spoken; āmi—I; nīca-jāti—coming from a family of a very low caste; tumi—you; su-sat-jana rāya—very respectable and rich gentleman.
TRANSLATION
Jhaḍu Ṭhākura replied, "It does not befit you to ask this of me. I belong to a very low-caste family, whereas you are a respectable rich gentleman."
TEXT 24
tabe kālidāsa śloka paḍi' śunāila
śuni' jhaḍu-ṭhākurera baḍa sukha ha-ila
SYNONYMS
tabe—thereafter; kālidāsaKālidāsa; śloka—verses; paḍi'-reciting; śunāila—caused to hear; śuni'-hearing; jhaḍu-ṭhākurera—of Jhaḍu Ṭhākura; baḍa—very great; sukha—happiness; ha-ila—there was.
TRANSLATION
Kālidāsa then recited some verses, which Jhaḍu Ṭhākura was very happy to hear.
TEXT 25
na me 'bhaktaś catur-vedī
mad-bhaktaḥ śva-pacaḥ priyaḥ
tasmai deyaṁ tato grāhyaṁ
sa ca pūjyo yathā hy aham
SYNONYMS
no—not; me—My; abhaktaḥ—devoid of pure devotional service; catuḥ-vedī—a scholar of the four Vedas; mat-bhaktaḥ—My devotee; śva-pacaḥ—even from a family of dog-eaters; priyaḥ—very dear; tasmai—to him (the pure devotee); deyam—should be given; tataḥ—from him; grāhyam—should be accepted (remnants of food); saḥ—that person; ca—also; pūjyaḥ—is worshipable; yathā—as much as; hi—certainly; aham—I.
TRANSLATION
"Even though one is a very learned scholar in Sanskrit literature, if he is not engaged in pure devotional service, he is not accepted as My devotee. But if someone born in a family of dog-eaters is a pure devotee with no motives for enjoyment through fruitive activity or mental speculation, he is very dear to Me. All respect should be given to him, and whatever he offers should be accepted, for such devotees are indeed as worshipable as I am.'
PURPORT
This verse spoken by the Supreme Personality of Godhead is found in Hari-bhakti-vilāsa.
TEXT 26
viprād dvi-ṣaḍ-guṇa-yutād aravinda-nābha-
pādāravinda-vimukhāt śva-pacaṁ variṣṭham
manye tad-arpita-mano-vacanehitārtha-
prāṇaṁ punāti sa kulaṁ na tu bhūri-mānaḥ
SYNONYMS
viprāt—than a brāhmaṇa; dvi-ṣaṭ-guṇa-yutāt—who is qualified with twelve brahminical qualifications; aravinda-nābha—of Lord Viṣṇu, who has a lotuslike navel; pāda-aravinda—unto the lotus feet; vimukhāt—than a person bereft of devotion; śva-pacam—a caṇḍāla, or person accustomed to eating dogs; variṣṭham—more glorified; manye—I think; tat-arpita—dedicated unto Him; manaḥ—mind; vacana—words; īhita—activities; artha—wealth; prāṇam—life; punāti—purifies; saḥ—he; kulam—his family; na tu—but not; bhūri-mānaḥ—a brāhmaṇa proud of possessing such qualities.
TRANSLATION
"A person may be born in a brāhmaṇa family and have all twelve brahminical qualities, but if in spite of being qualified he is not devoted to the lotus feet of Lord Kṛṣṇa, who has a navel shaped like a lotus, he is not as good as a caṇḍāla who has dedicated his mind, words, activities, wealth and life to the service of the Lord. Simply to take birth in a brāhmaṇa family or to have brahminical qualities is not sufficient. One must become a pure devotee of the Lord. If a śva-paca or caṇḍāla is a devotee, he delivers not only himself but his whole family, whereas a brāhmaṇa who is not a devotee but simply has brahminical qualifications cannot even purify himself, not to speak of his family.'
PURPORT
This and the following verse are quoted from Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (7.9.10 and 3.33.7).
TEXT 27
aho bata śva-paco 'to garīyān
yaj-jihvāgre vartate nāma tubhyam
tepus tapas te juhuvuḥ sasnur āryā
brahmānūcur nāma gṛṇanti ye te
SYNONYMS
aho bata—how wonderful it is; śva-pacaḥ—a dog-eater; ataḥ—than the initiated brāhmaṇa; garīyān—more glorious; yat—of whom; jihvā-agre—on the tip of the tongue; vartate—remains; nāma—the holy name; tubhyam—of You, my Lord; tepuḥ—have performed; tapaḥ—austerity; te—they; juhuvuḥ—have performed sacrifices; sasnuḥ—have bathed in all holy places; āryāḥ—actually belonging to the Āryan race; brahma—all the Vedas; anūcuḥ—have studied; nāma—the holy name; gṛṇanti—chant; ye—who; te—they.
TRANSLATION
"My dear Lord, anyone who always keeps Your holy name on his tongue is greater than an initiated brāhmaṇa. Although he may be born in a family of dog-eaters and therefore, by material calculations, be the lowest of men, he is glorious nevertheless. That is the wonderful power of chanting the holy name of the Lord. One who chants the holy name is understood to have performed all kinds of austerities. He has studied all the Vedas, he has performed all the great sacrifices mentioned in the Vedas, he has already taken his bath in all the holy places of pilgrimage, and it is he who is factually the Āryan.' "
TEXT 28
śuni' ṭhākura kahe,--"śāstra ei satya kaya
sei śreṣṭha, aiche yāṅte kṛṣṇa-bhakti haya
SYNONYMS
śuni'-hearing; ṭhākura kaheJhaḍu Ṭhākura said; śāstra—revealed scripture; ei—this; satya—truth; kaya—says; sei—he; śreṣṭha—best; aiche—in such a way; yāṅte—in whom; kṛṣṇa-bhakti—devotion to Kṛṣṇa; haya—there is.
TRANSLATION
Hearing these quotations from the revealed scripture Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam, Jhaḍu Ṭhākura replied, "Yes, this is true, for it is the version of śāstra. It is true, however, for one who is genuinely advanced in devotion to Kṛṣṇa.
TEXT 29
āmi--nīca-jāti, āmāra nāhi kṛṣṇa-bhakti
anya aiche haya, āmāya nāhi aiche śakti"
SYNONYMS
āmi—I; nīca-jāti—belonging to a lower caste; āmāra—my; nāhi—there is not; kṛṣṇa-bhakti—devotion to Kṛṣṇa; anya—others; aiche haya—may be such; āmāya—unto me; nāhi—there is not; aiche śakti—such power.
TRANSLATION
"Such a position may befit others, but I do not possess such spiritual power. I belong to a lower class and have not even a pinch of devotion to Kṛṣṇa."
PURPORT
In his statement, Jhaḍu Ṭhākura presents himself as being born in a low-caste family and not having the qualifications of a bona fide devotee of Lord Kṛṣṇa. He accepts the statements declaring a lowborn person highly exalted if he is a Vaiṣṇava. However, he feels that these descriptions from Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam appropriately describe others, but not himself. Jhaḍu Ṭhākura's attitude is quite befitting a real Vaiṣṇava, for a Vaiṣṇava never considers himself exalted, even if he factually is. He is always meek and humble and never thinks that he is an advanced devotee. He assigns himself to a lower position, but that does not mean that he is indeed low. Sanātana Gosvāmī once said that he belonged to a low-caste family, for although he was born in a brāhmaṇa family, he had associated with mlecchas and yavanas in his service as a government minister. Similarly, Jhaḍu Ṭhākura presented himself as someone who belonged to a low caste, but he was actually elevated above many persons born in brāhmaṇa families. Not only is there evidence for this in Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam, as quoted by Kālidāsa in verses 26 and 27; there is also considerable evidence for this conclusion in other śāstras. For example, in the Mahābhārata, Vana-parva, Chapter 180, it is stated:
śūdre tu yad bhavel lakṣma
dvije tac ca na vidyate
na vai śūdro bhavec chūdro
brāhmaṇo na ca brāhmaṇaḥ
"If the characteristics of a brāhmaṇa are found in a śūdra and not in a brāhmaṇa, that śūdra should not be known as a śūdra, and that brāhmaṇa should not be known as a brāhmaṇa."
Similarly, in the Vana-parva, Chapter 211, it is said:
śūdra-yonau hi jātasya
sad-guṇānupatiṣṭhataḥ
ārjave vartamānasya
brāhmaṇyam abhijāyate
"If a person born in a śūdra family has developed the qualities of a brāhmaṇa, such as satya [truthfulness], śama [peacefulness], dama [self-control] and ārjava [simplicity], he attains the exalted position of a brāhmaṇa."
In the Anuśāsana-parva, Chapter 163, it is said:
sthito brāhmaṇa-dharmeṇa
brāhmaṇyam upajīvati
kṣatriyo vātha vaiśyo vā
brahma-bhūyaḥ sa gacchati
ebhis tu karmabhir devi
śubhair ācaritais tathā
śūdro brāhmaṇatāṁ yāti
vaiśyaḥ kṣatriyatāṁ vrajet
na yonir nāpi saṁskāro
na śrutaṁ na ca santatiḥ
kāraṇāni dvijatvasya
vṛttam eva tu kāraṇam
"If one is factually situated in the occupation of a brāhmaṇa, he must be considered a brāhmaṇa, even if born of a kṣatriya or vaiśya family.
"O Devī, if even a śūdra is actually engaged in the occupation and pure behavior of a brāhmaṇa, he becomes a brāhmaṇa. Moreover, a vaiśya can become a kṣatriya.
"Therefore, neither the source of one's birth, nor his reformation, nor his education is the criterion of a brāhmaṇa. The vṛtta, or occupation, is the real standard by which one is known as a brāhmaṇa."
We have seen that a person who is not the son of a doctor and has not attended a medical college is sometimes able to practice medicine. By practical knowledge of how to perform a surgical operation, how to mix medicine and how to give certain medicines for certain diseases, a person can receive a certificate and be registered as a medical practitioner in the practical field. He can do a medical man's work and be known as a doctor. Although qualified medical men may consider him a quack, the government will recognize his work. Especially in India, there are many such doctors who perform their medical services perfectly. They are accepted even by the government. Similarly, if one is engaged in brahminical service or occupational duties, he must be considered a brāhmaṇa despite the family in which he is born. That is the verdict of all the śāstras.
In the Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (7.11.35), it is said:
yasya yal lakṣaṇaṁ proktaṁ
puṁso varṇābhivyañjakam
yad anyatrāpi dṛśyeta
tat tenaiva vinirdiśet
This is a statement by Nārada Muni to Mahārāja Yudhiṣṭhira, wherein Nārada says that the symptoms of a brāhmaṇa, kṣatriya and vaiśya are all described in śāstra. Therefore, if one is found exhibiting the symptoms and qualities of a brāhmaṇa and serving in a brahminical occupation, even if he is not born a brāhmaṇa or kṣatriya, he should be considered according to his qualifications and occupation.
Similarly, in the Padma purāṇa it is said:
na śūdrā bhagavad-bhaktās
te tu bhāgavatā matāḥ
sarva-varṇeṣu te śūdrā
ye na bhaktā janārdane
"A devotee should never be considered a śūdra. All the devotees of the Supreme Personality of Godhead should be recognized as bhāgavatas. If one is not a devotee of Lord Kṛṣṇa, however, even if born of a brāhmaṇa, kṣatriya or vaiśya family, he should be considered a śūdra."
In the Padma Purāṇa it is also said:
śva-pākam iva nekṣeta
loke vipram avaiṣṇavam
vaiṣṇavo varṇo-bāhyo 'pi
punāti bhuvana-trayam
"If a person born in a brāhmaṇa family is an avaiṣṇava, a nondevotee, one should not see his face, exactly as one should not look upon the face of a caṇḍāla, or dog-eater. However, a vaiṣṇava found in varṇas other than brāhmaṇa can purify all the three worlds."
The Padma Purāṇa further says:
śūdraṁ vā bhagavad-bhaktaṁ
niṣādaṁ śva-pacaṁ tathā
vīkṣate jāti-sāmānyāt
sa yāti narakaṁ dhruvam
"One who considers a devotee of the Supreme Personality of Godhead who was born in a family of śūdras, niṣādas or caṇḍālas to belong to that particular caste certainly goes to hell."
A brāhmaṇa must be a Vaiṣṇava and a learned scholar. Therefore in India it is customary to address a brāhmaṇa as paṇḍita. Without knowledge of Brahman, one cannot understand the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Therefore a Vaiṣṇava is already a brāhmaṇa, whereas a brāhmaṇa may become a Vaiṣṇava. In the Garuḍa Purāṇa it is said:
bhaktir aṣṭa-vidhā hy eṣā
yasmin mlecche 'pi vartate
sa viprendro muni-śreṣṭhaḥ
sa jñānī sa ca paṇḍitaḥ
"If even a mleccha becomes a devotee, he is to be considered the best of the brāhmaṇas and a learned paṇḍita."
Similarly, Tattva-sāgara says:
yathā kāñcanatāṁ yāti
kāṁsyaṁ rasa-vidhānataḥ
tathā dīkṣā-vidhānena
dvijatvaṁ jāyate nṛṇām
"As bell metal is turned to gold when mixed with mercury in an alchemical process, so one who is properly trained and initiated by a bona fide spiritual master becomes a brāhmaṇa immediately." All this evidence found in the revealed scriptures proves that according to the Vedic version, a Vaiṣṇava is never to be considered an abrāhmaṇa, or non-brāhmaṇa. A Vaiṣṇava should not be thought to belong to a lower caste even if born in a mleccha or yavana family. Because he has become a devotee of Lord Kṛṣṇa, he has become purified and has attained the stage of brāhmaṇa (dvijatvaṁ jāyate nṛṇām).
TEXT 30
tāre namaskari' kālidāsa vidāya māgilā
jhaḍu-ṭhākura tabe tāṅra anuvraji, āilā
SYNONYMS
tāre—unto him (Jhaḍu Ṭhākura); namaskari'-offering obeisances; kālidāsaKālidāsa; vidāya māgilā—asked permission to go; jhaḍu-ṭhākuraJhaḍu Ṭhākura; tabe—at that time; tāṅra—him; anuvraji'-following; āilā—went.
TRANSLATION
Kālidāsa again offered his obeisances to Jhaḍu Ṭhākura and asked his permission to go. The saint Jhaḍu Ṭhākura followed him as he left.
TEXT 31
tāṅre vidāya diyā ṭhākura yadi ghare āila
tāṅra caraṇa-cihna yei ṭhāñi paḍila
SYNONYMS
tāṅre—unto him (Kālidāsa); vidāya diyā—bidding farewell; ṭhākuraJhaḍu Ṭhākura; yadi—when; ghare āila—returned to his home; tāṅra caraṇa-cihna—the mark of his feet; yei ṭhāñi—wherever; paḍila—fell.
TRANSLATION
After bidding farewell to Kālidāsa, Jhaḍu Ṭhākura returned to his home, leaving the marks of his feet plainly visible in many places.
TEXT 32
sei dhūli lañā kālidāsa sarvāṅge lepilā
tāṅra nikaṭa eka-sthāne lukāñā rahilā
SYNONYMS
sei dhūli—that dust; lañā—taking; kālidāsaKālidāsa; sarva-aṅge—all over his body; lepilā—smeared; tāṅra nikaṭa—near his place; eka-sthāne—in one place; lukāñā rahilā—remained hidden.
TRANSLATION
Kālidāsa smeared the dust from those footprints all over his body. Then he hid in a place near Jhaḍu Ṭhākura's home.
TEXT 33
jhaḍu-ṭhākura ghara yāi' dekhi' āmra-phala
mānasei kṛṣṇa-candre arpilā sakala
SYNONYMS
jhaḍu-ṭhākuraJhaḍu Ṭhākura; ghara yāi'-returning home; dekhi' āmra-phala—seeing the mangoes; mānasei—within his mind; kṛṣṇa-candre—unto Kṛṣṇa; arpilā—offered; sakala—all.
TRANSLATION
Upon returning home, Jhaḍu Ṭhākura saw the mangoes Kālidāsa had presented. Within his mind he offered them to Kṛṣṇa-candra.
TEXT 34
kalāra pāṭuyā-kholā haite āmra nikāśiyā
tāṅra patnī tāṅre dena, khāyena cūṣiyā
SYNONYMS
kalāra—of the banana tree; pāṭuyā-kholā—leaves and bark; haite—from within; āmra—mangoes; nikāśiyā—taking out; tāṅra patnī—his wife; tāṅre—to him; dena—gives; khāyena—eats; cūṣiyā—sucking.
TRANSLATION
Jhaḍu Ṭhākura's wife then took the mangoes from their covering of banana tree leaves and bark and offered them to Jhaḍu Ṭhākura, who began to suck and eat them.
TEXT 35
cūṣi, cūṣi, coṣā āṅṭhi phelilā pāṭuyāte
tāre khāoyāñā tāṅra patnī khāya paścāte
SYNONYMS
cūṣi' cūṣi'-sucking and sucking; coṣā—sucked; āṅṭhi—the seeds; phelilā—left; pāṭuyāte—on the plantain leaf; tāre—him; khāoyāñā—after feeding; tāṅra patnī—his wife; khāya—eats; paścāte—afterwards.
TRANSLATION
When he finished eating, he left the seeds on the banana leaf, and his wife, after feeding her husband, later began to eat.
TEXT 36
āṅṭhi-coṣā sei pāṭuyā-kholāte bhariyā
bāhire ucchiṣṭa-garte phelāilā lañā
SYNONYMS
āṅṭhi—the seeds; coṣā—that had been sucked; sei—that; pāṭuyā-kholāte—banana leaf and bark; bhariyā—filling; bāhire—outside; ucchiṣṭa-garte—in the ditch where refuse was thrown; phelāilā lañā—picked up and threw.
TRANSLATION
After she finished eating, she filled the banana leaves and bark with the seeds, picked them up and threw them in the ditch where all the refuse was thrown.
TEXT 37
sei kholā, āṅṭhi, cokalā cūṣe kālidāsa
cūṣite cūṣite haya premete ullāsa
SYNONYMS
sei—that; kholā—bark of the banana tree; āṅṭhi—seeds of the mango; cokalā—skin of the mango; cūṣe—licks up; kālidāsaKālidāsa; cūṣite cūṣite—while licking up; haya—there was; premete ullāsa—great jubilation in ecstatic love.
TRANSLATION
Kālidāsa licked the banana bark and the mango seeds and skins, and while licking them he was overwhelmed in jubilation by ecstatic love.
TEXT 38
ei-mata yata vaiṣṇava vaise gauḍa-deśe
kālidāsa aiche sabāra nilā avaśeṣe
SYNONYMS
ei-mata—in this way; yata—as many as; vaiṣṇava—Vaiṣṇavas; vaise—reside; gauḍa-deśe—in Bengal; kālidāsaKālidāsa; aiche—in that way; sabāra—of all of them; nilā—took; avaśeṣe—the remnants.
TRANSLATION
In this way Kālidāsa ate the remnants of food left by all the Vaiṣṇavas residing in Bengal.
TEXT 39
sei kālidāsa yabe nīlācale āilā
mahāprabhu tāṅra upara mahā-kṛpā kailā
SYNONYMS
sei kālidāsa—that Kālidāsa; yabe—when; nīlācale āilā—came to Jagannātha Purī; mahāprabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; tāṅra upara—upon him; mahā-kṛpā—great mercy; kailā—bestowed.
TRANSLATION
When Kālidāsa visited Jagannātha Purī, Nīlācala, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu bestowed great mercy upon him.
TEXT 40
prati-dina prabhu yadi yā'na daraśane
jala-karaṅga lañā govinda yāya prabhu-sane
SYNONYMS
prati-dina—every day; prabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; yadi—when; yā'na—goes; daraśane—to see Lord Jagannātha; jala-karaṅga—a waterpot; lañā—taking; govinda—the personal servant of the Lord (Govinda); yāya—goes; prabhu-sane—with Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu.
TRANSLATION
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu had been regularly visiting the temple of Jagannātha every day, and at that time Govinda, His personal servant, used to carry His waterpot and go with Him.
TEXT 41
siṁha-dvārera uttara-dike kapāṭera āḍe
bāiśa 'pāhāca'-tale āche eka nimna gāḍe
SYNONYMS
siṁha-dvārera—of the Siṁha-dvāra; uttara-dike—on the northern side; kapāṭera āḍe—behind the door; bāiśa 'pāhāca'-of the twenty-two steps; tale—at the bottom; āche—there is; eka—one; nimna—low; gāḍe—ditch.
TRANSLATION
On the northern side of the Siṁha-dvāra, behind the door, there are twenty-two steps leading to the temple, and at the bottom of those steps is a ditch.
TEXT 42
sei gāḍe karena prabhu pāda-prakṣālane
tabe karibāre yāya īśvara-daraśane
SYNONYMS
sei gāḍe—in that ditch; karena—does; prabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; pāda-prakṣālane—washing the feet; tabe—thereafter; karibāre—to do; yāya—He goes; īśvara-daraśane—to visit Lord Jagannātha.
TRANSLATION
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu would wash His feet in this ditch, and then He would enter the temple to see Lord Jagannātha.
TEXT 43
govindere mahāprabhu kairāche niyama
'mora pāda-jala yena nā laya kona jana'
SYNONYMS
govindere—unto Govinda; mahāprabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; kairāche—has given; niyama—a regulative principle; mora—My; pāda-jala—water from washing the feet; yena—that; laya—does not take; kona jana—anyone.
TRANSLATION
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu ordered His personal servant Govinda that no one should take the water that had washed His feet.
TEXT 44
prāṇi-mātra la-ite nā pāya sei jala
antaraṅga bhakta laya kari' kona chala
SYNONYMS
prāṇi-mātra—all living beings; la-ite—to take; pāya—do not get; sei jala—that water; antaraṅga—very intimate; bhakta—devotees; laya—take; kari'-doing; kona chala—some trick.
TRANSLATION
Because of the Lord's strict order, no living being could take the water. Some of His intimate devotees, however, would take it by some trick.
TEXT 45
eka-dina prabhu tāṅhā pāda prakṣālite
kālidāsa āsi' tāhāṅ pātilena hāte
SYNONYMS
eka-dina—one day; prabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; tāṅhā—there; pāda prakṣālite—washing His feet; kālidāsaKālidāsa; āsi'-coming; tāhāṅ—there; pātilena—spread; hāte—his palm.
TRANSLATION
One day as Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu was washing His feet in that place, Kālidāsa came and extended his palm to take the water.
TEXT 46
eka añjali, dui añjali, tina añjali pilā
tabe mahāprabhu tāṅre niṣedha karilā
SYNONYMS
eka añjali—one palmful; dui añjali—two palmfuls; tina añjali—three palmfuls; pilā—he drank; tabe—at that time; mahāprabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; tāṅre—him; niṣedha karilā—forbade.
TRANSLATION
Kālidāsa drank one palmful and then a second and a third. Then Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu forbade him to drink more.
TEXT 47
"ataḥpara āra nā kariha punar-bāra
etāvatā vāñchā-pūraṇa kariluṅ tomāra"
SYNONYMS
ataḥpara—hereafter; āra—any more; kariha—do not do; punaḥ-bāra—again; etāvatā—so far; vāñchā-pūraṇa—fulfilling the desire; kariluṅ—I have done; tomāra—of you.
TRANSLATION
"Do not act in this way any more. I have fulfilled your desire as far as possible."
TEXT 48
sarvajña-śiromaṇi caitanya īśvara
vaiṣṇave tāṅhāra viśvāsa, jānena antara
SYNONYMS
sarva-jña—omniscient; śiromaṇi—topmost; caitanya—Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; īśvara—the Supreme Personality of Godhead; vaiṣṇave—unto the Vaiṣṇavas; tāṅhāra viśvāsa—his faith; jānena—He knows; antara—the heart.
TRANSLATION
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu is the most exalted, omniscient Supreme Personality of Godhead, and therefore He knew that Kālidāsa, in the core of his heart, had full faith in Vaiṣṇavas.
TEXT 49
sei-guṇa lañā prabhu tāṅre tuṣṭa ha-ilā
anyera durlabha prasāda tāṅhāre karilā
SYNONYMS
sei-guṇa—that quality; lañā—accepting; prabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; tāṅre—him; tuṣṭa ha-ilā—satisfied; anyera—for others; durlabha—not attainable; prasāda—mercy; tāṅhāre—unto him; karilā—showed.
TRANSLATION
Because of this quality, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu satisfied him with mercy not attainable by anyone else.
TEXT 50
bāiśa 'pāhāca'-pāche upara dakṣiṇa-dike
eka nṛsiṁha-mūrti āchena uṭhite vāma-bhāge
SYNONYMS
bāiśa pāhāca—of the twenty-two steps; pāche—toward the back; upara—above; dakṣiṇa-dike—on the southern side; eka—one; nṛsiṁha-mūrti—Deity of Lord Nṛsiṁha; āchena—there is; uṭhite—while stepping upward; vāma-bhāge—on the left side.
TRANSLATION
On the southern side, behind and above the twenty-two steps, is a Deity of Lord Nṛsiṁhadeva. It is on the left as one goes up the steps toward the temple.
TEXT 51
prati-dina tāṅre prabhu karena namaskāra
namaskari' ei śloka paḍe bāra-bāra
SYNONYMS
prati-dina—every day; tāṅre—unto the Deity of Lord Nṛsiṁhadeva; prabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; karena—does; namaskāra—obeisances; namaskari'-offering obeisances; ei śloka—these verses; paḍe—recites; bāra-bāra—again and again.
TRANSLATION
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu, His left side toward the Deity, offered obeisances to Lord Nṛsiṁha as He proceeded toward the temple. He recited the following verses again and again while offering obeisances.
TEXT 52
namas te nara-siṁhāya
prahlādāhlāda-dāyine
hiraṇyakaśipor vakṣaḥ-
śilā-ṭaṅka-nakhālaye
SYNONYMS
namaḥ—I offer my respectful obeisances; te—unto You; nara-siṁhāya—Lord Nṛsiṁhadeva; prahlāda—to Mahārāja Prahlāda; āhlāda—of pleasure; dāyine—giver; hiraṇya-kaśipoḥ—of Hiraṇyakaśipu; vakṣaḥ—chest; śilā—like stone; ṭaṅka—like the chisel; nakha-ālaye—whose fingernails.
TRANSLATION
"I offer my respectful obeisances unto You, Lord Nṛsiṁhadeva. You are the giver of pleasure to Mahārāja Prahlāda, and Your nails cut the chest of Hiraṇyakaśipu like a chisel cutting stone.
PURPORT
This and the following verse are quoted from the Nṛsiṁha Purāṇa.
TEXT 53
ito nṛsiṁhaḥ parato nṛsiṁho
yato yato yāmi tato nṛsiṁhaḥ
bahir nṛsiṁho hṛdaye nṛsiṁho
nṛsiṁham ādiṁ śaraṇaṁ prapadye
SYNONYMS
itaḥ—here; nṛsiṁhaḥ—Lord Nṛsiṁha; parataḥ—on the opposite side; nṛsiṁhaḥ—Lord Nṛsiṁha; yataḥ yataḥ—wherever; yāmi—I go; tataḥ—there; nṛsiṁhaḥ—Lord Nṛsiṁha; bahiḥ—outside; nṛsiṁhaḥ—Lord Nṛsiṁha; hṛdaye—in my heart; nṛsiṁhaḥ—Lord Nṛsiṁha; nṛsiṁham—Lord Nṛsiṁha; ādim—the original Supreme Personality; śaraṇam prapadye—I take shelter of.
TRANSLATION
"Lord Nṛsiṁhadeva is here, and He is also there on the opposite side. Wherever I go, there I see Lord Nṛsiṁhadeva. He is outside and within My heart. Therefore I take shelter of Lord Nṛsiṁhadeva, the original Supreme Personality of Godhead."
TEXT 54
tabe prabhu karilā jagannātha daraśana
ghare āsi' madhyāhna kari' karila bhojana
SYNONYMS
tabe—after this; prabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; karilā—did; jagannātha daraśana—visiting Lord Jagannātha; ghare āsi'-after returning home; madhyāhna kari'-after performing His noon activities; karila bhojana—took lunch.
TRANSLATION
Having offered obeisances to Lord Nṛsiṁhadeva, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu visited the temple of Lord Jagannātha. Then He returned to His residence, finished His noon duties and took His lunch.
TEXT 55
bahir-dvāre āche kālidāsa pratyāśā kariyā
govindere ṭhāre prabhu kahena jāniyā
SYNONYMS
bahiḥ-dvāre—outside the door; āche—there was; kālidāsaKālidāsa; pratyāśā kariyā—expecting; govindere—unto Govinda; ṭhāre—by indications; prabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; kahena—speaks; jāniyā—knowing.
TRANSLATION
Kālidāsa was standing outside the door, expecting the remnants of food from Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu. Knowing this, Mahāprabhu gave an indication to Govinda.
TEXT 56
mahāprabhura iṅgita govinda saba jāne
kālidāsere dila prabhura śeṣa-pātra-dāne
SYNONYMS
mahāprabhura-of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; iṅgita-indications; govinda-His personal servant; saba-all; jāne-knows; kālidāsere-unto Kālidāsa; dila-delivered; prabhura-of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; śeṣa-pātra-the remnants of food; dāne-presentation.
TRANSLATION
Govinda understood all the indications of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu. Therefore he immediately delivered the remnants of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu's food to Kālidāsa.
TEXT 57
vaiṣṇavera śeṣa-bhakṣaṇera eteka mahimā
kālidāse pāoyāila prabhura kṛpā-sīmā
SYNONYMS
vaiṣṇavera—of Vaiṣṇavas; śeṣa-bhakṣaṇera—of eating the remnants of food; eteka mahimā—so much value; kālidāseKālidāsa; pāoyāila—caused to get; prabhura—of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; kṛpā-sīmā—the supreme mercy.
TRANSLATION
Taking the remnants of the food of Vaiṣṇavas is so valuable that it induced Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu to offer Kālidāsa His supreme mercy.
TEXT 58
tāte 'vaiṣṇavera jhuṭā' khāo chāḍi' ghṛṇā-lāja
yāhā haite pāibā nija vāñchita saba kāja
SYNONYMS
tāte—therefore; vaiṣṇavera jhuṭā—remnants of the food of Vaiṣṇavas; khāo—eat; chāḍi'-giving up; ghṛṇā-lājahate and hesitation; yāhā haite—by which; pāibā—you will get; nija—your own; vāñchita—desired; saba—all; kāja—success.
TRANSLATION
Therefore, giving up hatred and hesitation, try to eat the remnants of the food of Vaiṣṇavas, for you will thus be able to achieve your desired goal of life.
TEXT 59
kṛṣṇera ucchiṣṭa haya 'mahā-prasāda' nāma
'bhakta-śeṣa' haile 'mahā-mahā-prasādākhyāna'
SYNONYMS
kṛṣṇera ucchiṣṭa—remnants of the food of Kṛṣṇa; haya—are; mahā-prasāda nāma—called mahā-prasāda; bhakta-śeṣa—the remnants of a devotee; haile—when it becomes; mahā-mahā-prasāda—great mahā-prasāda; ākhyāna—named.
TRANSLATION
The remnants of food offered to Lord Kṛṣṇa are called mahā-prasāda. After this same mahā-prasāda has been taken by a devotee, the remnants are elevated to mahā-mahā-prasāda.
TEXT 60
bhakta-pada-dhūli āra bhakta-pada-jala
bhakta-bhukta-avaśeṣa,--tina mahā-bala
SYNONYMS
bhakta-pada-dhūli—the dust of the lotus feet of a devotee; āra—and; bhakta-pada-jala—the water that washed the feet of a devotee; bhakta-bhukta-avaśeṣa—and the remnants of food eaten by a devotee; tina—three; mahā-bala—very powerful.
TRANSLATION
The dust of the feet of a devotee, the water that has washed the feet of a devotee, and the remnants of food left by a devotee are three very powerful substances.
TEXT 61
ei tina-sevā haite kṛṣṇa-premā haya
punaḥ punaḥ sarva-śāstre phukāriyā kaya
SYNONYMS
ei tina-sevā—rendering service to these three; haite—from; kṛṣṇa-prema—ecstatic love for Kṛṣṇa; haya—there is; punaḥ punaḥ—again and again; sarva-śāstre—all the revealed scriptures; phu-kāriyā kaya—declare loudly.
TRANSLATION
By rendering service to these three, one attains the supreme goal of ecstatic love for Kṛṣṇa. In all the revealed scriptures this is loudly declared again and again.
TEXT 62
tāte bāra bāra kahi,--śuna bhakta-gaṇa
viśvāsa kariyā kara e-tina sevana
SYNONYMS
tāte—therefore; bāra bāra—again and again; kahi—I say; śuna—hear; bhakta-gaṇa—devotees; viśvāsa kariyā—keeping faith; kara—do; e-tina sevana—rendering service to these three.
TRANSLATION
Therefore, my dear devotees, please hear from me, for I insist again and again: please keep faith in these three and render service to them without hesitation.
TEXT 63
tina haite kṛṣṇa-nāma-premera ullāsa
kṛṣṇera prasāda, tāte 'sākṣī' kālidāsa
SYNONYMS
tina haite—from these three; kṛṣṇa-nāma—of the holy name of Lord Kṛṣṇa; premera ullāsa—awakening of ecstatic love; kṛṣṇera prasāda—the mercy of Lord Kṛṣṇa; tāte—in that; sākṣī—evidence; kālidāsaKālidāsa.
TRANSLATION
From these three one achieves the highest goal of life-ecstatic love of Kṛṣṇa. This is the greatest mercy of Lord Kṛṣṇa. The evidence is Kālidāsa himself.
TEXT 64
nīlācale mahāprabhu rahe ei-mate
kālidāse mahā-kṛpā kailā alakṣite
SYNONYMS
nīlācale—at Jagannātha Purī; mahāprabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; rahe—remains; ei-mate—in this way; kālidāse—unto Kālidāsa; mahā-kṛpā—great favor; kailā—bestowed; alakṣite—invisibly.
TRANSLATION
In this way Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu remained at Jagannātha Purī, Nīlācala, and He invisibly bestowed great mercy upon Kālidāsa.
TEXT 65
se vatsara śivānanda patnī lañā āilā
'purīdāsa'-choṭa-putre saṅgete ānilā
SYNONYMS
se vatsara—that year; śivānanda—Śivānanda Sena; patnī—the wife; lañā—bringing; āilā—came; purī-dāsaPurīdāsa; choṭa-putre—the youngest son; saṅgete ānilā—he brought with him.
TRANSLATION
That year, Śivānanda Sena brought with him his wife and youngest son, Purīdāsa.
TEXT 66
putra saṅge lañā teṅho āilā prabhu-sthāne
putrere karāilā prabhura caraṇa vandane
SYNONYMS
putra—the son; saṅge—along; lañā—taking; teṅho—he; āilā—came; prabhu-sthāne—to the place of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; putrere—his son; karāilā—made to do; prabhura—of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; caraṇa vandane—worshiping the lotus feet.
TRANSLATION
Taking his son, Śivānanda Sena went to see Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu at His residence. He made his son offer respectful obeisances at the lotus feet of the Lord.
TEXT 67
'kṛṣṇa kaha' bali' prabhu balena bāra bāra
tabu kṛṣṇa-nāma bālaka nā kare uccāra
SYNONYMS
kṛṣṇa kaha—say Kṛṣṇa; bali'-saying; prabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; balena—said; bāra bāra—again and again; tabu—still; kṛṣṇa-nāma—the holy name of Kṛṣṇa; bālaka—the boy; kare uccāra—did not utter.
TRANSLATION
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu asked the boy again and again to chant the name of Kṛṣṇa, but the boy would not utter the holy name.
TEXT 68
śivānanda bālakere bahu yatna karilā
tabu sei bālaka kṛṣṇa-nāma nā kahilā
SYNONYMS
śivānanda—Śivānanda Sena; bālakere—unto the boy; bahu—much; yatna—endeavor; karilā—did; tabu—still; sei bālaka—that boy; kṛṣṇa-nāma—the name of Kṛṣṇa; kahilā—did not utter.
TRANSLATION
Although Śivānanda Sena tried with much endeavor to get his boy to speak Kṛṣṇa's holy name, the boy would not utter it.
TEXT 69
prabhu kahe,--"āmi nāma jagate laoyāiluṅ
sthāvare paryanta kṛṣṇa-nāma kahāiluṅ
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu said; āmi—I; nāma—the holy name; jagate—throughout the whole world; laoyāiluṅ—induced to take; sthāvare—the unmovable; paryanta—up to; kṛṣṇa-nāma—the holy name of Kṛṣṇa; kahāiluṅ—I induced to chant.
TRANSLATION
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu said, "I have induced the whole world to take to the holy name of Kṛṣṇa. I have induced even the trees and immovable plants to chant the holy name.
TEXT 70
ihāre nāriluṅ kṛṣṇa-nāma kahāite!"
śuniyā svarūpa-gosāñi lāgilā kahite
SYNONYMS
ihāre—this boy; nāriluṅ—I could not; kṛṣṇa-nāma—the holy name of Kṛṣṇa; kahāite—cause to speak; śuniyā—hearing; svarūpa-gosāñiSvarūpa Dāmodara Gosāñi; lāgilā—began; kahite—to say.
TRANSLATION
"But I could not induce this boy to chant the holy name of Kṛṣṇa." Hearing this, Svarūpa Dāmodara Gosvāmī began to speak.
TEXT 71
"tumi kṛṣṇa-nāma-mantra kailā upadeśe
mantra pāñā kā'ra āge nā kare prakāśe
SYNONYMS
tumi—You; kṛṣṇa-nāma—the holy name of Kṛṣṇa; mantra—this hymn; kailā upadeśe—have instructed; mantra pāñā—getting the hymn; kā'ra āge—in front of everyone; kare prakāśe—he does not express.
TRANSLATION
"My Lord," he said, "You have given him initiation into the name of Kṛṣṇa, but after receiving the mantra he will not express it in front of everyone.
TEXT 72
mane mane jape, mukhe nā kare ākhyāna
ei ihāra manaḥ-kathā--kari anumāna"
SYNONYMS
mane mane—within the mind; jape—chants; mukhe—in the mouth; kare ākhyāna—does not express; ei—this; ihāra—his; manaḥ-kathā—intention; kari anumāna—I guess.
TRANSLATION
"This boy chants the mantra within his mind, but does not say it aloud. That is his intention, as far as I can guess."
TEXT 73
āra dina kahena prabhu,--'paḍa, purīdāsa'
ei śloka kari' teṅho karilā prakāśa
SYNONYMS
āra dina—another day; kahena prabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu said; paḍa—recite; purīdāsaPurīdāsa; ei—this; śloka—verse; kari'-making; teṅho—he; karilā prakāśa—manifested.
TRANSLATION
Another day, when Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu said to the boy, "Recite, My dear Purīdāsa," the boy composed the following verse and expressed it before everyone.
TEXT 74
śravasoḥ kuvalayam akṣṇor añjanam
uraso mahendra-maṇi-dāma
vṛndāvana-ramaṇīnāṁ maṇḍanam
akhilaṁ harir jayati
SYNONYMS
śravasoḥ—of the two ears; kuvalayam—blue lotus flowers; akṣṇoḥ—of the two eyes; añjanam—ointment; urasaḥ—of the chest; mahendra-maṇi-dāma—a necklace of indranīla gems; vṛndāvana-ramaṇīnām—of the damsels of Vṛndāvana; maṇḍanam—ornaments; akhilam—all; hariḥ jayati—all glories to Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa.
TRANSLATION
"Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa is just like a bluish lotus flower for the ears; He is ointment for the eyes, a necklace of indranīla gems for the chest, and universal ornaments for the gopī damsels of Vṛndāvana. Let that Lord Śrī Hari, Kṛṣṇa, be glorified."
TEXT 75
sāta vatsarera śiśu, nāhi adhyayana
aiche śloka kare,--lokera camatkāra mana
SYNONYMS
sāta vatsarera—seven years old; śiśu—the boy; nāhi adhyayana—without education; aiche—such; śloka—verse; kare—composes; lokera—of all the people; camatkāra—struck with wonder; mana—mind.
TRANSLATION
Although the boy was only seven years old and still had no education, he composed such a nice verse. Everyone was struck with wonder.
TEXT 76
caitanya-prabhura ei kṛpāra mahimā
brahmādi deva yāra nāhi pāya sīmā
SYNONYMS
caitanya-prabhura—of Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; ei—this; kṛpāra mahimā—the glory of the mercy; brahmā-ādi—headed by Lord Brahmā; deva—the demigods; yāra—of which; nāhi pāya—do not reach; sīmā—the limit.
TRANSLATION
This is the glory of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu's causeless mercy, which even the demigods, headed by Lord Brahmā, cannot estimate.
TEXT 77
bhakta-gaṇa prabhu-saṅge rahe cāri-māse
prabhu ājñā dilā sabe gelā gauḍa-deśe
SYNONYMS
bhakta-gaṇa—all the devotees; prabhu-saṅge—with Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; rahe—remained; cāri-māse—for four months; prabhu—Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; ājñā dilā—gave the order; sabe—unto everyone; gelā—returned; gauḍa-deśe—to Bengal.
TRANSLATION
All the devotees remained with Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu continuously for four months. Then the Lord ordered them back to Bengal, and therefore they returned.
TEXT 78
tāṅ-sabāra saṅge prabhura chila bāhya-jñāna
tāṅrā gele punaḥ hailā unmāda pradhāna
SYNONYMS
tāṅ-sabāra—all of them; saṅge—with; prabhura—of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; chila—there was; bāhya-jñāna—external consciousness; tāṅrā gele—when they departed; punaḥ—again; hailā—there was; unmāda—madness; pradhāna—the chief business.
TRANSLATION
As long as the devotees were in Nīlācala, Jagannātha Purī, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu maintained His external consciousness, but after their departure His chief engagement was again the madness of ecstatic love for Kṛṣṇa.
TEXT 79
rātri-dine sphure kṛṣṇera rūpa-gandha-rasa
sākṣād-anubhave,--yena kṛṣṇa-upasparśa
SYNONYMS
rātri-dine—night and day; sphure—appears; kṛṣṇera—of Lord Kṛṣṇa; rūpa—the beauty; gandha—fragrance; rasa—mellow; sākṣāt-anubhave—directly experienced; yena—as if; kṛṣṇa-upasparśa—touching Kṛṣṇa.
TRANSLATION
Throughout the entire day and night, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu directly relished Kṛṣṇa's beauty, fragrance and mellow as if He were touching Kṛṣṇa hand to hand.
TEXT 80
eka-dina prabhu gelā jagannātha-daraśane
siṁha-dvāre dala-i āsi' karila vandane
SYNONYMS
eka-dina—one day; prabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; gelā—went; jagannātha-daraśane—to see Lord Jagannātha; siṁha-dvāre—at the gate known as Siṁha-dvāra; dala-i—the gatekeeper; āsi'-coming; karila vandane—offered respectful obeisances.
TRANSLATION
One day, when Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu went to visit the temple of Lord Jagannātha, the gatekeeper at Siṁha-dvāra approached Him and offered respectful obeisances.
TEXT 81
tāre bale,--'kothā kṛṣṇa, mora prāṇa-nātha?
more kṛṣṇa dekhāo' bali' dhare tāra hāta
SYNONYMS
tāre—to him; bale—said; kothā kṛṣṇa—where is Kṛṣṇa; mora—My; prāṇa-nātha—Lord of life; more—to Me; kṛṣṇa dekhāo—please show Kṛṣṇa; bali'-saying; dhare—catches; tāra—his; hāta—hand.
TRANSLATION
The Lord asked him, "Where is Kṛṣṇa, My life and soul? Please show Me Kṛṣṇa." Saying this, He caught the doorkeeper's hand.
TEXT 82
seha kahe,--'iṅhā haya vrajendra-nandana
āisa tumi mora saṅge, karāṅa daraśana'
SYNONYMS
seha kahe—he said; iṅhā—here; haya—is; vrajendra-nandana—the son of Nanda Mahārāja; āisa—come; tumi—You; mora saṅge—with me; karāṅa daraśana—I shall show.
TRANSLATION
The doorkeeper replied, "The son of Mahārāja Nanda is here; please come along with me, and I shall show You."
TEXT 83
'tumi mora sakhā, dekhāha--kāhāṅ prāṇa-nātha?'
eta bali' jagamohana gelā dhari' tāra hāta
SYNONYMS
tumi—you; mora sakhā—My friend; dekhāha—please show; kāhāṅ—where; prāṇa-nātha—the Lord of My heart; eta bali'-saying this; jagamohana—to Jagamohana; gelā—went; dhari'-catching; tāra—his; hāta—hand.
TRANSLATION
Lord Caitanya said to the doorman, "You are My friend. Please show Me where the Lord of My heart is." After the Lord said this, they both went to the place known as Jagamohana, where everyone views Lord Jagannātha.
TEXT 84
seha bale,--'ei dekha śrī-puruṣottama
netra bhariyā tumi karaha daraśana'
SYNONYMS
seha bale—he also said; ei—this; dekha—just see; śrī-puruṣa-uttama—Lord Kṛṣṇa, the best of all Personalities of Godhead; netra bhariyā—to the full satisfaction of Your eyes; tumi—You; karaha daraśana—see.
TRANSLATION
"Just see!" the doorkeeper said. "Here is the best of the Personalities of Godhead. From here You may see the Lord to the full satisfaction of Your eyes."
TEXT 85
garuḍera pāche rahi' karena daraśana
dekhena,--jagannātha haya muralī-vadana
SYNONYMS
garuḍera pāche—behind the Garuḍa column; rahi'-staying; karena daraśana—He was seeing; dekhena—He saw; jagannātha—Lord Jagannātha; haya—was; muralī-vadana—Lord Kṛṣṇa with His flute to the mouth.
TRANSLATION
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu stayed behind the huge column called the Garuḍa-stambha and looked upon Lord Jagannātha, but as He looked He saw that Lord Jagannātha had become Lord Kṛṣṇa, with His flute to His mouth.
TEXT 86
ei līlā nija-granthe raghunātha-dāsa
'gaurāṅga-stava-kalpavṛkṣe' kariyāchena prakāśa
SYNONYMS
ei līlā—this pastime; nija-granthe—in his own book; raghunātha-dāsaRaghunātha dāsa Gosvāmī; gaurāṅga-stava-kalpa-vṛkṣeGaurāṅga-stava-kalpavṛkṣa; kariyāchena prakāśa—has described.
TRANSLATION
In his book known as Gaurāṅga-stava-kalpavṛkṣa, Raghunātha dāsa Gosvāmī has described this incident very nicely.
TEXT 87
kva me kāntaḥ kṛṣṇas tvaritam iha taṁ lokaya sakhe
tvam eveti dvārādhipam abhivadann unmada iva
drutaṁ gaccha draṣṭuṁ priyam iti tad-uktena dhṛta-tad-
bhujāntar gaurāṅgo hṛdaya udayan māṁ madayati
SYNONYMS
kva—where; me—My; kāntaḥ—beloved; kṛṣṇaḥ—Lord Kṛṣṇa; tvaritam—quickly; iha—here; tam—Him; lokaya—show; sakhe—O friend; tvam—you; eva—certainly; iti—thus; dvāra-adhipam—the doorkeeper; abhivadan—requesting; unmadaḥ—a madman; iva—like; drutam—very quickly; gaccha—come; draṣṭum—to see; priyam—beloved; iti—thus; tat—of him; uktena—with the words; dhṛta—caught; tat—His; bhuja-antaḥ—end of the arm; gaurāṅgaḥ—Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; hṛdaye—in my heart; udayan—rising; mām—me; madayati—maddens.
TRANSLATION
" 'My dear friend the doorkeeper, where is Kṛṣṇa, the Lord of My heart? Kindly show Him to Me quickly.' With these words, Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu addressed the doorkeeper like a madman. The doorkeeper grasped His hand and replied very hastily,'Come, see Your beloved!' May that Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu rise within my heart and thus make me mad also."
TEXT 88
hena-kāle 'gopāla-vallabha'-bhoga lāgāila
śaṅkha-ghaṇṭā-ādi saha ārati bājila
SYNONYMS
hena-kāle—at this time; gopāla-vallabha-bhoga—the food offered early in the morning; lāgāila—was offered; śaṅkha—conch; ghaṇṭā-ādi—bells and so on; saha—with; āratiārati; bājila—sounded.
TRANSLATION
The offering of food known as gopāla-vallabha-bhoga was then given to Lord Jagannātha, and ārati was performed with the sound of the conch and the ringing of bells.
TEXT 89
bhoga sarile jagannāthera sevaka-gaṇa
prasāda lañā prabhu-ṭhāñi kaila āgamana
SYNONYMS
bhoga sarile—when the food was taken away; jagannāthera—of Lord Jagannātha; sevaka-gaṇa—the servants; prasāda lañā—taking the prasāda; prabhu-ṭhāñi—unto Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; kaila āgamana—came.
TRANSLATION
When the ārati finished, the prasāda was taken out, and the servants of Lord Jagannātha came to offer some to Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu.
TEXT 90
mālā parāñā prasāda dila prabhura hāte
āsvāda dūre rahu, yāra gandhe mana māte
SYNONYMS
mālā parāñā—after garlanding; prasāda—the remnants of Lord Jagannātha's food; dila—delivered; prabhura hāte—in the hand of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; āsvāda—tasting; dūre rahu—what to speak of; yāra—of which; gandhe—by the aroma; mana—mind; māte—becomes maddened.
TRANSLATION
The servants of Lord Jagannātha first garlanded Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu and then offered Him Lord Jagannātha's prasāda. The prasāda was so nice that its aroma alone, to say nothing of its taste, would drive the mind mad.
TEXT 91
bahu-mūlya prasāda sei vastu sarvottama
tāra alpa khāoyāite sevaka karila yatana
SYNONYMS
bahu-mūlya—very valuable; prasāda—remnants of food; sei—that; vastu—ingredients; sarva-uttama—first class; tāra—of that; alpa—very little; khāoyāite—to feed; sevaka—the servant; karila yatana—made some endeavor.
TRANSLATION
The prasāda was made of very valuable ingredients. Therefore the servant wanted to feed Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu a portion of it.
TEXT 92
tāra alpa lañā prabhu jihvāte yadi dilā
āra saba govindera āṅcale bāndhilā
SYNONYMS
tāra—of that; alpa—very little; lañā—taking; prabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; jihvāte—on the tongue; yadi—when; dilā—put; āra saba—all the balance; govindera—of Govinda; āṅcale—at the end of the wrapper; bāndhilā—bound.
TRANSLATION
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu tasted a portion of the prasāda. Govinda took the rest and bound it in the end of his wrapper.
TEXT 93
koṭi-amṛta-svāda pāñā prabhura camatkāra
sarvāṅge pulaka, netre vahe aśru-dhāra
SYNONYMS
koṭi—millions upon millions; amṛta—nectar; svāda—taste; pāñā—getting; prabhura—of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; camatkāra—great satisfaction; sarva-aṅge—all over the body; pulaka—standing of the hair; netre—from the eyes; vahe—flows; aśru-dhāra—a stream of tears.
TRANSLATION
To Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu the prasāda tasted millions upon millions of times better than nectar, and thus He was fully satisfied. The hair all over His body stood on end, and incessant tears flowed from His eyes.
TEXT 94
'ei dravye eta svāda kāhāṅ haite āila?
kṛṣṇera adharāmṛta ithe sañcārila'
SYNONYMS
ei dravye—in these ingredients; eta—so much; svāda—taste; kāhāṅ—where; haite—from; āila—has come; kṛṣṇera—of Lord Kṛṣṇa; adhara-amṛta—nectar from the lips; ithe—in this; sañcārila—has spread.
TRANSLATION
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu considered, "Where has such a taste in this prasāda come from? Certainly it is due to its having been touched by the nectar of Kṛṣṇa's lips."
TEXT 95
ei buddhye mahāprabhura premāveśa haila
jagannāthera sevaka dekhi' samvaraṇa kaila
SYNONYMS
ei buddhye—by this understanding; mahāprabhura—of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; prema-āveśa—ecstatic emotion; haila—there was; jagannāthera—of Lord Jagannātha; sevaka—servants; dekhi'-seeing; samvaraṇa kaila—restrained Himself.
TRANSLATION
Understanding this, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu felt an emotion of ecstatic love for Kṛṣṇa, but upon seeing the servants of Lord Jagannātha, He restrained Himself.
TEXT 96
'sukṛti-labhya phelā-lava'--balena bāra-bāra
īśvara-sevaka puche,--'ki artha ihāra'?
SYNONYMS
sukṛti—by great fortune; labhya—obtainable; phelā-lava—a particle of the remnants; balena—says; bāra-bāra—again and again; īśvara-sevaka—the servants of Jagannātha; puche—inquire; ki—what; artha—the meaning; ihāra—of this.
TRANSLATION
The Lord said again and again, "Only by great fortune may one come by a particle of the remnants of food offered to the Lord." The servants of the Jagannātha temple inquired, "What is the meaning of this?"
PURPORT
The remnants of Kṛṣṇa's food are mixed with His saliva. In the Mahābhārata and the Skanda Purāṇa it is stated:
mahā-prasāde govinde
nāma-brahmaṇi vaiṣṇave
svalpa-puṇyavatāṁ rājan
viśvāso naiva jāyate
"Persons who are not very highly elevated in pious activities cannot believe in the remnants of food [prasāda] of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, nor in Govinda, the holy name of the Lord, nor in the Vaiṣṇavas."
TEXT 97
prabhu kahe,--"ei ye dilā kṛṣṇādharāmṛta
brahmādi-durlabha ei nindaye 'amṛta'
SYNONYMS
prabhu kahe—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu said; ei—this; ye—which; dilā—you have given; kṛṣṇa—of Lord Kṛṣṇa; adhara-amṛta—nectar from the lips; brahmā-ādi—by the demigods, headed by Lord Brahmā; durlabha—difficult to obtain; ei—this; nindaye—defeats; amṛta—nectar.
TRANSLATION
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu replied, "These are remnants of food that Kṛṣṇa has eaten and thus turned to nectar with His lips. It surpasses heavenly nectar, and even such demigods as Lord Brahmā find it difficult to obtain.
TEXT 98
kṛṣṇera ye bhukta-śeṣa, tāra 'phelā'-nāma
tāra eka 'lava' ye pāya, sei bhāgyavān
SYNONYMS
kṛṣṇera—of Lord Kṛṣṇa; ye—whatever; bhukta-śeṣa—remnants of food; tāra—of that; phelā-nāma—the name is phelā; tāra—of that; eka—one; lava—fragment; ye—one who; pāya—gets; sei—he; bhāgyavān—fortunate.
TRANSLATION
"Remnants left by Kṛṣṇa are called phelā. Anyone who obtains even a small portion must be considered very fortunate.
TEXT 99
sāmānya bhāgya haite tāra prāpti nāhi haya
kṛṣṇera yāṅte pūrṇa-kṛpā, sei tāhā pāya
SYNONYMS
sāmānya—ordinary; bhāgya—fortune; haite—from; tāra—of that; prāpti—attainment; nāhi—not; haya—there is; kṛṣṇera—of Lord Kṛṣṇa; yāṅte—unto whom; pūrṇa-kṛpā—full mercy; sei—he; tāhā—that; pāya—can get.
TRANSLATION
"One who is only ordinarily fortunate cannot obtain such mercy. Only persons who have the full mercy of Kṛṣṇa can receive such remnants.
TEXT 100
'sukṛti'-śabde kahe 'kṛṣṇa-kṛpā-hetu puṇya'
sei yāṅra haya, 'phelā' pāya sei dhanya"
SYNONYMS
sukṛtisukṛti (pious activities); śabde—the word; kahe—is to be understood; kṛṣṇa-kṛpā—the mercy of Kṛṣṇa; hetu—because of; puṇya—pious activities; sei—he; yāṅra—of whom; haya—there is; phelā—the remnants of food; pāya—gets; sei—he; dhanya—very glorious.
TRANSLATION
"The word 'sukṛti' refers to pious activities performed by the mercy of Kṛṣṇa. One who is fortunate enough to obtain such mercy receives the remnants of the Lord's food and thus becomes glorious."
TEXT 101
eta bali' prabhu tā-sabāre vidāya dilā
upala-bhoga dekhiyā prabhu nija-vāsā āilā
SYNONYMS
eta bali'-saying this; prabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; -sabāre—unto all of them; vidāya dilābade farewell; upala-bhoga—the next offering of food; dekhiyā—seeing; prabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; nija-vāsā—to His place; āilā—returned.
TRANSLATION
After saying this, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu bade farewell to all the servants. After seeing the next offering of food to Lord Jagannātha, a function known as upala-bhoga, He returned to His own quarters.
TEXT 102
madhyāhna kariyā kailā bhikṣā nirvāhaṇa
kṛṣṇādharāmṛta sadā antare smaraṇa
SYNONYMS
madhyāhna kariyā—after finishing His noon duties; kailā bhikṣā nirvāhaṇa—completed His lunch; kṛṣṇa-adhara-amṛta—the nectar from the lips of Kṛṣṇa; sadā—always; antare—within Himself; smaraṇa—remembering.
TRANSLATION
After finishing His noon duties, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu ate His lunch, but He constantly remembered the remnants of Kṛṣṇa's food.
TEXT 103
bāhya-kṛtya karena, preme garagara mana
kaṣṭe samvaraṇa karena, āveśa saghana
SYNONYMS
bāhya-kṛtya—external activities; karena—performs; preme—in ecstatic love; garagara—filled; mana—mind; kaṣṭe—with great difficulty; samvaraṇa karena—restricts; āveśa—ecstasy; saghana—very deep.
TRANSLATION
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu performed His external activities, but His mind was filled with ecstatic love. With great difficulty He tried to restrain His mind, but it would always be overwhelmed by very deep ecstasy.
TEXT 104
sandhyā-kṛtya kari' punaḥ nija-gaṇa-saṅge

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