Chapter Eighteen
The Battle Between Lord Boar and the Demon Hiraṇyākṣa
TEXT 1
maitreya uvāca
tad evam ākarṇya jaleśa-bhāṣitaṁ
mahā-manās tad vigaṇayya durmadaḥ
harer viditvā gatim aṅga nāradād
rasātalaṁ nirviviśe tvarānvitaḥ
SYNONYMS
maitreyaḥ—the great sage Maitreya; uvāca—said; tat—that; evam—thus; ākarṇya—hearing; jala-īśa—of the controller of water, Varuṇa; bhāṣitam—words; mahā-manāḥ—proud; tat—those words; vigaṇayya—having paid little heed to; durmadaḥ—vainglorious; hareḥ—of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; viditvā—having learned; gatim—the whereabouts; aṅga—O dear Vidura; nāradāt—from Nārada; rasātalam—to the depths of the ocean; nirviviśe—entered; tvarā-anvitaḥ—with great speed.
TRANSLATION
Maitreya continued: The proud and falsely glorious Daitya paid little heed to the words of Varuṇa. O dear Vidura, he learned from Nārada the whereabouts of the Supreme Personality of Godhead and hurriedly betook himself to the depths of the ocean.
PURPORT
Materialistic warmongers are not even afraid to fight with their mightiest enemy, the Personality of Godhead. The demon was very encouraged to learn from Varuṇa that there was one fighter who could actually combat him, and he was very enthusiastic to search out the Supreme Personality of Godhead just to give Him a fight, even though it was predicted by Varuṇa that by fighting with Viṣṇu he would become prey for dogs, jackals and vultures. Since demoniac persons are less intelligent, they dare to fight with Viṣṇu, who is known as Ajita, or one who has never been conquered.
TEXT 2
dadarśa tatrābhijitaṁ dharā-dharaṁ
pronnīyamānāvanim agra-daṁṣṭrayā
muṣṇantam akṣṇā sva-ruco ’ruṇa-śriyā
jahāsa cāho vana-gocaro mṛgaḥ
SYNONYMS
dadarśa—he saw; tatra—there; abhijitam—the victorious; dharā—the earth; dharam—bearing; pronnīyamāna—being raised upward; avanim—the earth; agra-daṁṣṭrayā—by the tip of His tusk; muṣṇantam—who was diminishing; akṣṇā—with His eyes; sva-rucaḥ—Hiraṇyākṣa’s own splendor; aruṇa—reddish; śriyā—radiant; jahāsa—he laughed; ca—and; aho—oh; vana-gocaraḥ—amphibious; mṛgaḥ—beast.
TRANSLATION
He saw there the all-powerful Personality of Godhead in His boar incarnation, bearing the earth upward on the ends of His tusks and robbing him of his splendor with His reddish eyes. The demon laughed: Oh, an amphibious beast!
PURPORT
In a previous chapter we have discussed the incarnation of the Supreme Personality of Godhead as Varāha, the boar. While Varāha, with His tusks, engaged in uplifting the submerged earth from the depths of the waters, this great demon Hiraṇyākṣa met Him and challenged Him, calling Him a beast. Demons cannot understand the incarnations of the Lord; they think that His incarnations as a fish or boar or tortoise are big beasts only. They misunderstand the body of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, even in His human form, and they deride His descent. In the Caitanya-sampradāya there is sometimes a demoniac misconception about the descent of Nityānanda Prabhu. Nityānanda Prabhu’s body is spiritual, but demoniac persons consider the body of the Supreme Personality to be material, just like ours. Avajānanti māṁ mūḍhāḥ: persons who have no intelligence deride the transcendental form of the Lord as material.
TEXT 3
āhainam ehy ajña mahīṁ vimuñca no
rasaukasāṁ viśva-sṛjeyam arpitā
na svasti yāsyasy anayā mamekṣataḥ
surādhamāsādita-sūkarākṛte
SYNONYMS
āhaHiraṇyākṣa said; enam—to the Lord; ehi—come and fight; ajña—O fool; mahīm—the earth; vimuñca—give up; naḥ—to us; rasā-okasām—of the inhabitants of the lower regions; viśva-sṛjā—by the creator of the universe; iyam—this earth; arpitā—entrusted; na—not; svasti—well-being; yāsyasi—You will go; anayā—with this; mama īkṣataḥ—while I am seeing; sura-adhama—O lowest of the demigods; āsādita—having taken; sūkara-ākṛte—the form of a boar.
TRANSLATION
The demon addressed the Lord: O best of the demigods, dressed in the form of a boar, just hear me. This earth is entrusted to us, the inhabitants of the lower regions, and You cannot take it from my presence and not be hurt by me.
PURPORT
Śrīdhara Svāmī, commenting on this verse, states that although the demon wanted to deride the Personality of Godhead in the form of a boar, actually he worshiped Him in several words. For example, he addressed Him as vana-gocaraḥ, which means “one who is a resident of the forest,” but another meaning of vana-gocaraḥ is “one who lies on the water.” Viṣṇu lies on the water, so the Supreme Personality of Godhead can be properly addressed in this way. The demon also addressed Him as mṛgaḥ, indicating, unintentionally, that the Supreme Personality is sought after by great sages, saintly persons and transcendentalists. He also addressed Him as ajña. Śrīdhara Svāmī says that jña means “knowledge,” and there is no knowledge which is unknown to the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Indirectly, therefore, the demon said that Viṣṇu knows everything. The demon addressed Him as surādhama. Sura means “the demigods,” and adhama means “Lord of all there is.” He is Lord of all the demigods; therefore He is the best of all demigods, or God. When the demon used the phrase “in my presence,” the implied meaning was, “In spite of my presence, You are completely able to take away the earth.” Na svasti yāsyasi: “unless You kindly take this earth from our custody, there can be no good fortune for us.”
TEXT 4
tvaṁ naḥ sapatnair abhavāya kiṁ bhṛto
yo māyayā hanty asurān parokṣa-jit
tvāṁ yogamāyā-balam alpa-pauruṣaṁ
saṁsthāpya mūḍha pramṛje suhṛc-chucaḥ
SYNONYMS
tvam—You; naḥ—us; sapatnaiḥ—by our enemies; abhavāya—for killing; kim—is it that; bhṛtaḥ—maintained; yaḥ—He who; māyayā—by deception; hanti—kills; asurān—the demons; parokṣa-jit—who conquered by remaining invisible; tvām—You; yogamāyā-balam—whose strength is bewildering power; alpa-pauruṣam—whose power is meager; saṁsthāpya—after killing; mūḍha—fool; pramṛje—I shall wipe out; suhṛt-śucaḥ—the grief of my kinsmen.
TRANSLATION
You rascal, You have been nourished by our enemies to kill us, and You have killed some demons by remaining invisible. O fool, Your power is only mystic, so today I shall enliven my kinsmen by killing You.
PURPORT
The demon used the word abhavāya, which means “for killing.” Śrīdhara Svāmī comments that this “killing” means liberating, or, in other words, killing the process of continued birth and death. The Lord kills the process of birth and death and keeps Himself invisible. The activities of the Lord’s internal potency are inconceivable, but by a slight exhibition of this potency, the Lord, by His grace, can deliver one from nescience. Śucaḥ means “miseries”; the miseries of material existence can be extinguished by the Lord by His potential energy of internal yogamāyā. In the Upaniṣads (Śvetāśvatara Upaniṣad 6.8) it is stated, parāsya śaktir vividhaiva śrūyate. The Lord is invisible to the eyes of the common man, but His energies act in various ways. When demons are in adversity, they think that God is hiding Himself and is working by His mystic potency. They think that if they can find God they can kill Him just by seeing Him. Hiraṇyākṣa thought that way, and he challenged the Lord: “You have done tremendous harm to our community, taking the part of the demigods, and You have killed our kinsmen in so many ways, always keeping Yourself hidden. Now I see You face to face, and I am not going to let You go. I shall kill You and save my kinsmen from Your mystic misdeeds.”
Not only are demons always anxious to kill God with words and philosophy, but they think that if one is materially powerful he can kill God with materially fatal weapons. Demons like Kaṁsa, Rāvaṇa and Hiraṇyakaśipu thought themselves powerful enough to kill even God. Demons cannot understand that God, by His multifarious potencies, can work so wonderfully that He can be present everywhere and still remain in His eternal abode, Goloka Vṛndāvana.
TEXT 5
tvayi saṁsthite gadayā śīrṇa-śīrṣaṇy
asmad-bhuja-cyutayā ye ca tubhyam
baliṁ haranty ṛṣayo ye ca devāḥ
svayaṁ sarve na bhaviṣyanty amūlāḥ
SYNONYMS
tvayi—when You; saṁsthite—are killed; gadayā—by the mace; śīrṇa—smashed; śīrṣaṇi—skull; asmat-bhuja—from my hand; cyutayā—released; ye—those who; ca—and; tubhyam—to You; balim—presentations; haranti—offer; ṛṣayaḥ—sages; ye—those who; ca—and; devāḥ—demigods; svayam—automatically; sarve—all; na—not; bhaviṣyanti—will exist; amūlāḥ—without roots.
TRANSLATION
The demon continued: When You fall dead with Your skull smashed by the mace hurled by my arms, the demigods and sages who offer You oblations and sacrifice in devotional service will also automatically cease to exist, like trees without roots.
PURPORT
Demons are very much disturbed when devotees worship the Lord in the prescribed ways recommended in the scriptures. In the Vedic scriptures, the neophyte devotees are advised to engage in nine kinds of devotional service, such as to hear and chant the holy name of God, to remember Him always, to chant on beads Hare Kṛṣṇa, Hare Kṛṣṇa, Kṛṣṇa Kṛṣṇa, Hare Hare/ Hare Rāma, Hare Rāma, Rāma Rāma, Hare Hare, to worship the Lord in the form of His Deity incarnation in the temples, and to engage in various activities of Kṛṣṇa consciousness to increase the number of godly persons for perfect peace in the world. Demons do not like such activity. They are always envious of God and His devotees. Their propaganda not to worship in the temple or church but simply to make material advancement for satisfaction of the senses is always current. The demon Hiraṇyākṣa, upon seeing the Lord face to face, wanted to make a permanent solution by killing the Personality of Godhead with his powerful mace. The example of an uprooted tree mentioned here by the demon is very significant. Devotees accept that God is the root of everything. Their example is that just as the stomach is the source of energy of all the limbs of the body, God is the original source of all energy manifested in the material and spiritual worlds; therefore, as supplying food to the stomach is the process to satisfy all the limbs of the body, Kṛṣṇa consciousness, or developing love of Kṛṣṇa, is the sublime method for satisfying the source of all happiness. The demon wants to uproot this source because if the root, God, were to be checked, the activities of the Lord and the devotees would automatically stop. The demon would be very much satisfied by such a situation in society. Demons are always anxious to have a godless society for their sense gratification. According to Śrīdhara Svāmī, this verse means that when the demon would be deprived of his mace by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, not only the neophyte devotees but also the ancient sagacious devotees of the Lord would be very much satisfied.
TEXT 6
sa tudyamāno ’ri-durukta-tomarair
daṁṣṭrāgra-gāṁ gām upalakṣya bhītām
todaṁ mṛṣan niragād ambu-madhyād
grāhāhataḥ sa-kareṇur yathebhaḥ
SYNONYMS
saḥ—He; tudyamānaḥ—being pained; ari—of the enemy; durukta—by the abusive words; tomaraiḥ—by the weapons; daṁṣṭra-agra—on the ends of His tusks; gām—situated; gām—the earth; upalakṣya—seeing; bhītām—frightened; todam—the pain; mṛṣan—bearing; niragāt—He came out; ambu-madhyāt—from the midst of the water; grāha—by a crocodile; āhataḥ—attacked; sa-kareṇuḥ—along with a she-elephant; yathā—as; ibhaḥ—an elephant.
TRANSLATION
Although the Lord was pained by the shaftlike abusive words of the demon, He bore the pain. But seeing that the earth on the ends of His tusks was frightened, He rose out of the water just as an elephant emerges with its female companion when assailed by an alligator.
PURPORT
The Māyāvādī philosopher cannot understand that the Lord has feelings. The Lord is satisfied if someone offers Him a nice prayer, and similarly, if someone decries His existence or calls Him by ill names, God is dissatisfied. The Supreme Personality of Godhead is decried by the Māyāvādī philosophers, who are almost demons. They say that God has no head, no form, no existence and no legs, hands or other bodily limbs. In other words, they say that He is dead or lame. All these misconceptions of the Supreme Lord are a source of dissatisfaction to Him; He is never pleased with such atheistic descriptions. In this case, although the Lord felt sorrow from the piercing words of the demon, He delivered the earth for the satisfaction of the demigods, who are ever His devotees. The conclusion is that God is as sentient as we are. He is satisfied by our prayers and dissatisfied by our harsh words against Him. In order to give protection to His devotee, He is always ready to tolerate insulting words from the atheists.
TEXT 7
taṁ niḥsarantaṁ salilād anudruto
hiraṇya-keśo dviradaṁ yathā jhaṣaḥ
karāla-daṁṣṭro ’śani-nisvano ’bravīd
gata-hriyāṁ kiṁ tv asatāṁ vigarhitam
SYNONYMS
tam—Him; niḥsarantam—coming out; salilāt—from the water; anudrutaḥ—chased; hiraṇya-keśaḥ—having golden hair; dviradam—an elephant; yathā—as; jhaṣaḥ—a crocodile; karāla-daṁṣṭraḥ—having fearful teeth; aśani-nisvanaḥ—roaring like thunder; abravīt—he said; gata-hriyām—for those who are shameless; kim—what; tu—indeed; asatām—for the wretches; vigarhitam—reproachable.
TRANSLATION
The demon, who had golden hair on his head and fearful tusks, gave chase to the Lord while He was rising from the water, even as an alligator would chase an elephant. Roaring like thunder, he said: Are You not ashamed of running away before a challenging adversary? There is nothing reproachable for shameless creatures!
PURPORT
When the Lord was coming out of the water, taking the earth in His arms to deliver it, the demon derided Him with insulting words, but the Lord did not care because He was very conscious of His duty. For a dutiful man there is nothing to fear. Similarly, those who are powerful have no fear of derision or unkind words from an enemy. The Lord had nothing to fear from anyone, yet He was merciful to His enemy by neglecting him. Although apparently He fled from the challenge, it was just to protect the earth from calamity that He tolerated Hiraṇyākṣa’s deriding words.
TEXT 8
sa gām udastāt salilasya gocare
vinyasya tasyām adadhāt sva-sattvam
abhiṣṭuto viśva-sṛjā prasūnair
āpūryamāṇo vibudhaiḥ paśyato ’reḥ
SYNONYMS
saḥ—the Lord; gām—the earth; udastāt—on the surface; salilasya—of the water; gocare—within His sight; vinyasya—having placed; tasyām—to the earth; adadhāt—He invested; sva—His own; sattvam—existence; abhiṣṭutaḥ—praised; viśva-sṛjā—by Brahmā (the creator of the universe); prasūnaiḥ—by flowers; āpūryamāṇaḥ—becoming satisfied; vibudhaiḥ—by the demigods; paśyataḥ—while looking on; areḥ—the enemy.
TRANSLATION
The Lord placed the earth within His sight on the surface of the water and transferred to her His own energy in the form of the ability to float on the water. While the enemy stood looking on, Brahmā, the creator of the universe, extolled the Lord, and the other demigods rained flowers on Him.
PURPORT
Those who are demons cannot understand how the Supreme Personality of Godhead floated the earth on water, but to devotees of the Lord this is not a very wonderful act. Not only the earth but many, many millions of planets are floating in the air, and this floating power is endowed upon them by the Lord; there is no other possible explanation. The materialists can explain that the planets are floating by the law of gravitation, but the law of gravitation works under the control or direction of the Supreme Lord. That is the version of Bhagavad-gītā, which confirms, by the Lord’s statement, that behind the material laws or nature’s laws and behind the growth, maintenance, production and evolution of all the planetary systems—behind everything—is the Lord’s direction. The Lord’s activities could be appreciated only by the demigods, headed by Brahmā, and therefore when they saw the uncommon prowess of the Lord in keeping the earth on the surface of the water, they showered flowers on Him in appreciation of His transcendental activity.
TEXT 9
parānuṣaktaṁ tapanīyopakalpaṁ
mahā-gadaṁ kāñcana-citra-daṁśam
marmāṇy abhīkṣṇaṁ pratudantaṁ duruktaiḥ
pracaṇḍa-manyuḥ prahasaṁs taṁ babhāṣe
SYNONYMS
parā—from behind; anuṣaktam—who followed very closely; tapanīya-upakalpam—who had a considerable amount of gold ornaments; mahā-gadam—with a great mace; kāñcana—golden; citra—beautiful; daṁśam—armor; marmāṇi—the core of the heart; abhīkṣṇam—constantly; pratudantam—piercing; duruktaiḥ—by abusive words; pracaṇḍa—terrible; manyuḥ—anger; prahasan—laughing; tam—to him; babhāṣe—He said.
TRANSLATION
The demon, who had a wealth of ornaments, bangles and beautiful golden armor on his body, chased the Lord from behind with a great mace. The Lord tolerated his piercing ill words, but in order to reply to him, He expressed His terrible anger.
PURPORT
The Lord could have chastised the demon immediately while the demon was deriding the Lord with ill words, but the Lord tolerated him to please the demigods and to show that they should not be afraid of demons while discharging their duties. Therefore His toleration was displayed mainly to drive away the fears of the demigods, who should know that the Lord is always present to protect them. The demon’s derision of the Lord was just like the barking of dogs; the Lord did not care about it, since He was doing His own work in delivering the earth from the midst of the water. Materialistic demons always possess large amounts of gold in various shapes, and they think that a large amount of gold, physical strength and popularity can save them from the wrath of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
TEXT 10
śrī-bhagavān uvāca
satyaṁ vayaṁ bho vana-gocarā mṛgā
yuṣmad-vidhān mṛgaye grāma-siṁhān
na mṛtyu-pāśaiḥ pratimuktasya vīrā
vikatthanaṁ tava gṛhṇanty abhadra
SYNONYMS
śrī-bhagavān uvāca—the Supreme Personality of Godhead said; satyam—indeed; vayam—We; bhoḥ—O; vana-gocarāḥ—dwelling in the forest; mṛgāḥ—creatures; yuṣmat-vidhān—like you; mṛgaye—I am searching to kill; grāma-siṁhān—dogs; na—not; mṛtyu-pāśaiḥ—by the bonds of death; pratimuktasya—of one who is bound; vīrāḥ—the heroes; vikatthanam—loose talk; tava—your; gṛhṇanti—take notice of; abhadra—O mischievous one.
TRANSLATION
The Personality of Godhead said: Indeed, We are creatures of the jungle, and We are searching after hunting dogs like you. One who is freed from the entanglement of death has no fear from the loose talk in which you are indulging, for you are bound up by the laws of death.
PURPORT
Demons and atheistic persons can go on insulting the Supreme Personality of Godhead, but they forget that they are subjected to the laws of birth and death. They think that simply by decrying the existence of the Supreme Lord or defying His stringent laws of nature, one can be freed from the clutches of birth and death. In Bhagavad-gītā it is said that simply by understanding the transcendental nature of God one can go back home, back to Godhead. But demons and atheistic persons do not try to understand the nature of the Supreme Lord; therefore they remain in the entanglement of birth and death.
TEXT 11
ete vayaṁ nyāsa-harā rasaukasāṁ
gata-hriyo gadayā drāvitās te
tiṣṭhāmahe ’thāpi kathañcid ājau
stheyaṁ kva yāmo balinotpādya vairam
SYNONYMS
ete—Ourselves; vayam—We; nyāsa—of the charge; harāḥ—thieves; rasā-okasām—of the inhabitants of Rasātala; gata-hriyaḥ—shameless; gadayā—by the mace; drāvitāḥ—chased; te—your; tiṣṭhāmahe—We shall stay; atha api—nevertheless; kathañcit—somehow; ājau—on the battlefield; stheyam—We must stay; kva—where; yāmaḥ—can We go; balinā—with a powerful enemy; utpādya—having created; vairam—enmity.
TRANSLATION
Certainly We have stolen the charge of the inhabitants of Rasātala and have lost all shame. Although bitten by your powerful mace, I shall stay here in the water for some time because, having created enmity with a powerful enemy, I now have no place to go.
PURPORT
The demon should have known that God cannot be driven out of any place, for He is all-pervading. Demons think of their possessions as their property, but actually everything belongs to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who can take anything at any time He likes.
TEXT 12
tvaṁ pad-rathānāṁ kila yūthapādhipo
ghaṭasva no ’svastaya āśv anūhaḥ
saṁsthāpya cāsmān pramṛjāśru svakānāṁ
yaḥ svāṁ pratijñāṁ nātipiparty asabhyaḥ
SYNONYMS
tvam—you; pad-rathānām—of foot soldiers; kila—indeed; yūthapa—of the leaders; adhipaḥ—the commander; ghaṭasva—take steps; naḥ—Our; asvastaye—for defeat; āśu—promptly; anūhaḥ—without consideration; saṁsthāpya—having killed; ca—and; asmān—Us; pramṛja—wipe away; aśru—tears; svakānām—of your kith and kin; yaḥ—he who; svām—his own; pratijñām—promised word; na—not; atipiparti—fulfills; asabhyaḥ—not fit to sit in an assembly.
TRANSLATION
You are supposed to be the commander of many foot soldiers, and now you may take prompt steps to overthrow Us. Give up all your foolish talk and wipe out the cares of your kith and kin by slaying Us. One may be proud, yet he does not deserve a seat in an assembly if he fails to fulfill his promised word.
PURPORT
A demon may be a great soldier and commander of a large number of infantry, but in the presence of the Supreme Personality of Godhead he is powerless and is destined to die. The Lord, therefore, challenged the demon not to go away, but to fulfill his promised word to kill Him.
TEXT 13
maitreya uvāca
so ’dhikṣipto bhagavatā
pralabdhaś ca ruṣā bhṛśam
ājahārolbaṇaṁ krodhaṁ
krīḍyamāno ’hi-rāḍ iva
SYNONYMS
maitreyaḥ—the great sage Maitreya; uvāca—said; saḥ—the demon; adhikṣiptaḥ—having been insulted; bhagavatā—by the Personality of Godhead; pralabdhaḥ—ridiculed; ca—and; ruṣā—angry; bhṛśam—greatly; ājahāra—collected; ulbaṇam—great; krodham—anger; krīḍyamānaḥ—being played with; ahi-rāṭ—a great cobra; iva—like.
TRANSLATION
Śrī Maitreya said: The demon, being thus challenged by the Personality of Godhead, became angry and agitated, and he trembled in anger like a challenged cobra.
PURPORT
A cobra is very fierce before ordinary persons, but before an enchanter who can play with him, he is a plaything. Similarly, a demon may be very powerful in his own domain, but before the Lord he is insignificant. The demon Rāvaṇa was a fierce figure before the demigods, but when he was before Lord Rāmacandra he trembled and prayed to his deity, Lord Śiva, but to no avail.
TEXT 14
sṛjann amarṣitaḥ śvāsān
manyu-pracalitendriyaḥ
āsādya tarasā daityo
gadayā nyahanad dharim
SYNONYMS
sṛjan—giving out; amarṣitaḥ—being angry; śvāsān—breaths; manyu—by wrath; pracalita—agitated; indriyaḥ—whose senses; āsādya—attacking; tarasā—quickly; daityaḥ—the demon; gadayā—with his mace; nyahanat—struck; harim—Lord Hari.
TRANSLATION
Hissing indignantly, all his senses shaken by wrath, the demon quickly sprang upon the Lord and dealt Him a blow with his powerful mace.
TEXT 15
bhagavāṁs tu gadā-vegaṁ
visṛṣṭaṁ ripuṇorasi
avañcayat tiraścīno
yogārūḍha ivāntakam
SYNONYMS
bhagavān—the Lord; tu—however; gadā-vegam—the blow of the mace; visṛṣṭam—thrown; ripuṇā—by the enemy; urasi—at His breast; avañcayat—dodged; tiraścīnaḥ—aside; yoga-ārūḍhaḥ—an accomplished yogī; iva—like; antakam—death.
TRANSLATION
The Lord, however, by moving slightly aside, dodged the violent mace-blow aimed at His breast by the enemy, just as an accomplished yogī would elude death.
PURPORT
The example is given herein that the perfect yogī can overcome a deathblow although it is offered by the laws of nature. It is useless for a demon to beat the transcendental body of the Lord with a powerful mace, for no one can surpass His prowess. Those who are advanced transcendentalists are freed from the laws of nature, and even a deathblow cannot act on them. Superficially it may be seen that a yogī is attacked by a deathblow, but by the grace of the Lord he can overcome many such attacks for the service of the Lord. As the Lord exists by His own independent prowess, by the grace of the Lord the devotees also exist for His service.
TEXT 16
punar gadāṁ svām ādāya
bhrāmayantam abhīkṣṇaśaḥ
abhyadhāvad dhariḥ kruddhaḥ
saṁrambhād daṣṭa-dacchadam
SYNONYMS
punaḥ—again; gadām—mace; svām—his; ādāya—having taken; bhrāmayantam—brandishing; abhīkṣṇaśaḥ—repeatedly; abhyadhāvat—rushed to meet; hariḥ—the Personality of Godhead; kruddhaḥ—angry; saṁrambhāt—in rage; daṣṭa—bitten; dacchadam—his lip.
TRANSLATION
The Personality of Godhead now exhibited His anger and rushed to meet the demon, who bit his lip in rage, took up his mace again and began to repeatedly brandish it about.
TEXT 17
tataś ca gadayārātiṁ
dakṣiṇasyāṁ bhruvi prabhuḥ
ājaghne sa tu tāṁ saumya
gadayā kovido ’hanat
SYNONYMS
tataḥ—then; ca—and; gadayā—with His mace; arātim—the enemy; dakṣiṇasyām—on the right; bhruvi—on the brow; prabhuḥ—the Lord; ājaghne—struck; saḥ—the Lord; tu—but; tām—the mace; saumya—O gentle Vidura; gadayā—with his mace; kovidaḥ—expert; ahanat—he saved himself.
TRANSLATION
Then with His mace the Lord struck the enemy on the right of his brow, but since the demon was expert in fighting, O gentle Vidura, he protected himself by a maneuver of his own mace.
TEXT 18
evaṁ gadābhyāṁ gurvībhyāṁ
haryakṣo harir eva ca
jigīṣayā susaṁrabdhāv
anyonyam abhijaghnatuḥ
SYNONYMS
evam—in this way; gadābhyām—with their maces; gurvībhyām—huge; haryakṣaḥ—the demon Haryakṣa (Hiraṇyākṣa); hariḥ—Lord Hari; eva—certainly; ca—and; jigīṣayā—with a desire for victory; susaṁrabdhau—enraged; anyonyam—each other; abhijaghnatuḥ—they struck.
TRANSLATION
In this way, the demon Haryakṣa and the Lord, the Personality of Godhead, struck each other with their huge maces, each enraged and seeking his own victory.
PURPORT
Haryakṣa is another name for Hiraṇyākṣa, the demon.
TEXT 19
tayoḥ spṛdhos tigma-gadāhatāṅgayoḥ
kṣatāsrava-ghrāṇa-vivṛddha-manyvoḥ
vicitra-mārgāṁś carator jigīṣayā
vyabhād ilāyām iva śuṣmiṇor mṛdhaḥ
SYNONYMS
tayoḥ—them; spṛdhoḥ—the two combatants; tigma—pointed; gadā—by the maces; āhata—injured; aṅgayoḥ—their bodies; kṣata-āsrava—blood coming out from the injuries; ghrāṇa—smell; vivṛddha—increased; manyvoḥ—anger; vicitra—of various kinds; mārgān—maneuvers; caratoḥ—performing; jigīṣayā—with a desire to win; vyabhāt—it looked like; ilāyām—for the sake of a cow (or the earth); iva—like; śuṣmiṇoḥ—of two bulls; mṛdhaḥ—an encounter.
TRANSLATION
There was keen rivalry between the two combatants; both had sustained injuries on their bodies from the blows of each other’s pointed maces, and each grew more and more enraged at the smell of blood on his person. In their eagerness to win, they performed maneuvers of various kinds, and their contest looked like an encounter between two forceful bulls for the sake of a cow.
PURPORT
Here the earth planet is called ilā. This earth was formerly known as Ilāvṛta-varṣa, and when Mahārāja Parīkṣit ruled the earth it was called Bhārata-varṣa. Actually, Bhārata-varṣa is the name for the entire planet, but gradually Bhārata-varṣa has come to mean India. As India has recently been divided into Pakistan and Hindustan, similarly the earth was formerly called Ilāvṛta-varṣa, but gradually as time passed it was divided by national boundaries.
TEXT 20
daityasya yajñāvayavasya māyā-
gṛhīta-vārāha-tanor mahātmanaḥ
kauravya mahyāṁ dviṣator vimardanaṁ
didṛkṣur āgād ṛṣibhir vṛtaḥ svarāṭ
SYNONYMS
daityasya—of the demon; yajña-avayavasya—of the Personality of Godhead (of whose body yajña is a part); māyā—through His potency; gṛhīta—was assumed; vārāha—of a boar; tanoḥ—whose form; mahā-ātmanaḥ—of the Supreme Lord; kauravya—O Vidura (descendant of Kuru); mahyām—for the sake of the world; dviṣatoḥ—of the two enemies; vimardanam—the fight; didṛkṣuḥ—desirous to see; āgāt—came; ṛṣibhiḥ—by the sages; vṛtaḥ—accompanied; svarāṭBrahmā.
TRANSLATION
O descendant of Kuru, Brahmā, the most independent demigod of the universe, accompanied by his followers, came to see the terrible fight for the sake of the world between the demon and the Personality of Godhead, who appeared in the form of a boar.
PURPORT
The fight between the Lord, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and the demon is compared to a fight between bulls for the sake of a cow. The earth planet is also called go, or cow. As bulls fight between themselves to ascertain who will have union with a cow, there is always a constant fight between the demons and the Supreme Lord or His representative for supremacy over the earth. Here the Lord is significantly described as yajñāvayava. One should not consider the Lord to have the body of an ordinary boar. He can assume any form, and He possesses all such forms eternally. It is from Him that all other forms have emanated. This boar form is not to be considered the form of an ordinary hog; His body is actually full of yajña, or worshipful offerings. Yajña (sacrifices) are offered to Viṣṇu. Yajña means the body of Viṣṇu. His body is not material; therefore He should not be taken to be an ordinary boar.
Brahmā is described in this verse as svarāṭ. Actually, full independence is exclusive to the Lord Himself, but as part and parcel of the Supreme Lord, every living entity has a minute quantity of independence. Each and every one of the living entities within this universe has this minute independence, but Brahmā, being the chief of all living entities, has a greater potential of independence than any other. He is the representative of Kṛṣṇa, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and has been assigned to preside over universal affairs. All other demigods work for him; therefore he is described here as svarāṭ. He is always accompanied by great sages and transcendentalists, all of whom came to see the bullfight between the demon and the Lord.
TEXT 21
āsanna-śauṇḍīram apeta-sādhvasaṁ
kṛta-pratīkāram ahārya-vikramam
vilakṣya daityaṁ bhagavān sahasra-ṇīr
jagāda nārāyaṇam ādi-sūkaram
SYNONYMS
āsanna—attained; śauṇḍīram—power; apeta—devoid of; sādhvasam—fear; kṛta—making; pratīkāram—opposition; ahārya—unopposable; vikramam—having power; vilakṣya—having seen; daityam—the demon; bhagavān—the worshipful Brahmā; sahasra-nīḥ—the leader of thousands of sages; jagāda—addressed; nārāyaṇam—Lord Nārāyaṇa; ādi—the original; sūkaram—having the form of a boar.
TRANSLATION
After arriving at the place of combat, Brahmā, the leader of thousands of sages and transcendentalists, saw the demon, who had attained such unprecedented power that no one could fight with him. Brahmā then addressed Nārāyaṇa, who was assuming the form of a boar for the first time.
TEXTS 22–23
brahmovāca
eṣa te deva devānām
aṅghri-mūlam upeyuṣām
viprāṇāṁ saurabheyīṇāṁ
bhūtānām apy anāgasām
āgas-kṛd bhaya-kṛd duṣkṛd
asmad-rāddha-varo ’suraḥ
anveṣann apratiratho
lokān aṭati kaṇṭakaḥ
SYNONYMS
brahmā uvāca—Lord Brahmā said; eṣaḥ—this demon; te—Your; deva—O Lord; devānām—to the demigods; aṅghri-mūlam—Your feet; upeyuṣām—to those having obtained; viprāṇām—to the brāhmaṇas; saurabheyīṇām—to the cows; bhūtānām—to ordinary living entities; api—also; anāgasām—innocent; āgaḥ-kṛt—an offender; bhaya-kṛt—a source of fear; duṣkṛt—wrongdoer; asmat—from me; rāddha-varaḥ—having attained a boon; asuraḥ—a demon; anveṣan—searching; apratirathaḥ—having no proper combatant; lokān—all over the universe; aṭati—he wanders; kaṇṭakaḥ—being a pinprick for everyone.
TRANSLATION
Lord Brahmā said: My dear Lord, this demon has proved to be a constant pinprick to the demigods, the brāhmaṇas, the cows and innocent persons who are spotless and always dependent upon worshiping Your lotus feet. He has become a source of fear by unnecessarily harassing them. Since he has attained a boon from me, he has become a demon, always searching for a proper combatant, wandering all over the universe for this infamous purpose.
PURPORT
There are two classes of living entities; one is called sura, or the demigods, and the other is called asura, or the demons. Demons are generally fond of worshiping the demigods, and there are evidences that by such worship they get extensive power for their sense gratification. This later proves to be a cause of trouble to the brāhmaṇas, demigods and other innocent living entities. Demons habitually find fault with the demigods, brāhmaṇas and innocent, to whom they are a constant source of fear. The way of the demon is to take power from the demigods and then tease the demigods themselves. There is an instance of a great devotee of Lord Śiva who obtained a boon from Lord Śiva that the head of whomever he touched with his hand would come off its trunk. As soon as the boon was offered to him, the demon wanted to touch the very head of Lord Śiva. That is their way. The devotees of the Supreme Personality of Godhead do not, however, ask any favor for sense gratification. Even if they are offered liberation, they refuse it. They are happy simply engaging in the transcendental loving service of the Lord.
TEXT 24
mainaṁ māyāvinaṁ dṛptaṁ
niraṅkuśam asattamam
ākrīḍa bālavad deva
yathāśīviṣam utthitam
SYNONYMS
—do not; enam—him; māyā-vinam—skilled in conjuring tricks; dṛptam—arrogant; niraṅkuśam—self-sufficient; asat-tamam—most wicked; ākrīḍa—play with; bāla-vat—like a child; deva—O Lord; yathā—as; āśīviṣam—a serpent; utthitam—aroused.
TRANSLATION
Lord Brahmā continued: My dear Lord, there is no need to play with this serpentine demon, who is always very skilled in conjuring tricks and is arrogant, self-sufficient and most wicked.
PURPORT
No one is unhappy when a serpent is killed. It is a practice among village boys to catch a serpent by the tail and play with it for some time and then kill it. Similarly, the Lord could have killed the demon at once, but He played with him in the same way as a child plays with a snake before killing it. Brahmā requested, however, that since the demon was more wicked and undesirable than a serpent, there was no need to play with him. It was his wish that he be killed at once, without delay.
TEXT 25
na yāvad eṣa vardheta
svāṁ velāṁ prāpya dāruṇaḥ
svāṁ deva māyām āsthāya
tāvaj jahy agham acyuta
SYNONYMS
na yāvat—before; eṣaḥ—this demon; vardheta—may increase; svām—his own; velām—demoniac hour; prāpya—having reached; dāruṇaḥ—formidable; svām—Your own; deva—O Lord; māyām—internal potency; āsthāya—using; tāvat—at once; jahi—kill; agham—the sinful one; acyuta—O infallible one.
TRANSLATION
Brahmā continued: My dear Lord, You are infallible. Please kill this sinful demon before the demoniac hour arrives and he presents another formidable approach favorable to him. You can kill him by Your internal potency without doubt.
TEXT 26
eṣā ghoratamā sandhyā
loka-cchambaṭ-karī prabho
upasarpati sarvātman
surāṇāṁ jayam āvaha
SYNONYMS
eṣā—this; ghora-tamā—darkest; sandhyā—evening time; loka—the world; chambaṭ-karī—destroying; prabho—O Lord; upasarpati—is approaching; sarva-ātman—O Soul of all souls; surāṇām—to the demigods; jayam—victory; āvaha—bring.
TRANSLATION
My Lord, the darkest evening, which covers the world, is fast approaching. Since You are the Soul of all souls, kindly kill him and win victory for the demigods.
TEXT 27
adhunaiṣo ’bhijin nāma
yogo mauhūrtiko hy agāt
śivāya nas tvaṁ suhṛdām
āśu nistara dustaram
SYNONYMS
adhunā—now; eṣaḥ—this; abhijit nāma—called abhijit; yogaḥ—auspicious; mauhūrtikaḥ—moment; hi—indeed; agāt—has almost passed; śivāya—for the welfare; naḥ—of us; tvam—You; suhṛdām—of Your friends; āśu—quickly; nistara—dispose of; dustaram—the formidable foe.
TRANSLATION
The auspicious period known as abhijit, which is most opportune for victory, commenced at midday and has all but passed; therefore, in the interest of Your friends, please dispose of this formidable foe quickly.
TEXT 28
diṣṭyā tvāṁ vihitaṁ mṛtyum
ayam āsāditaḥ svayam
vikramyainaṁ mṛdhe hatvā
lokān ādhehi śarmaṇi
SYNONYMS
diṣṭyā—by fortune; tvām—to You; vihitam—ordained; mṛtyum—death; ayam—this demon; āsāditaḥ—has come; svayam—of his own accord; vikramya—exhibiting Your prowess; enam—him; mṛdhe—in the duel; hatvā—killing; lokān—the worlds; ādhehi—establish; śarmaṇi—in peace.
TRANSLATION
This demon, luckily for us, has come of his own accord to You, his death ordained by You; therefore, exhibiting Your ways, kill him in the duel and establish the worlds in peace.
Thus end the Bhaktivedanta purports of the Third Canto, Eighteenth Chapter, of the Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam, entitled “The Battle Between Lord Boar and the Demon Hiraṇyākṣa.”

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