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The Nectar of Devotion
Calcutta, January 30, 1973
Bhavananda: (reading) "The attention of a pure devotee is so much attracted to glorification of the pastimes, name, qualities, forms, and so forth of the Lord that the devotee does not care for mukti. Sri Bilvamangala Thakura has said, 'If I am engaged in devotional service unto You, my dear Lord, then very easily can I perceive Your presence everywhere. And as far as liberation is concerned, I think liberation stands at my door with folded hands, waiting to serve me.' "
Prabhupada: Yes. By chanting the mantra, Hare Krsna mantra, ceto-darpana-marjanam [Cc. Antya 20.12], gradually we become cleansed of all dirty things within our heart. Thus our mind becomes purified. And in the purified condition of the mind we can think of Krsna rightly. In this way, Krsna becomes practically dependent on the devotees. Krsna is the master, controller of everything, but to the pure devotee He becomes dependent. So why the pure devotee will ask for anything else? Adurlabham atma-bhaktau. For a devotee, Krsna is within the palms of a devotee. Ajita, jito 'py asau. Although Krsna is not conquerable, but He likes to be conquered by His devotee. That is the position. Just like He willingly placed Himself to be conquered by Mother Yasoda, to be conquered by Radharani, to be conquered by His friends. Krsna became defeated and He has to take His friend on the shoulder. Practically sometimes we see that a king keeps a joker amongst his associates, and sometimes the joker insults the king, and the king enjoys. The joker sometimes... Just like there is a famous joker, Gopala Bon, in Bengal. So one day the king asked him, "Gopala, what is the difference between you and an ass?" So he immediately measured the distance from the king. He said, "It is three feet only, sir. The difference is only three feet." So everyone began to laugh. And the king enjoyed that insult. Because sometimes it is required.
So Krsna also... Everyone praises Him in exalted position. Everyone. That is Krsna's position—the Supreme Lord. In Vaikuntha, there is only praising. There is no such thing. But in Vrndavana Krsna is free to accept insult from His devotee. The people do not know that, what is Vrndavana life. So devotees are so exalted. Radharani orders, "Don't allow Krsna to come here." Krsna cannot come in. He flatters the other gopis: "Please allow Me to go there." "No, no. There is no order. You cannot go." So Krsna likes that. But the Mayavadis, they cannot understand that the Supreme Absolute Truth can be controlled by the devotee. They want to become one. But here the Vaisnava, pure Vaisnava, they become so exalted that there is no question of becoming one. Daivena phalati divya-kisora-murtih, bhaktis tvayi sthiratara yadi bhagavan syad, Bilvamangala Thakura says. Daivena phalati divya-kisora-murtih muktih mukulitanjali sevate asman. "Mukti, oh, she's standing with folded hands, 'What can I do for you, sir?' " Dharmartha-kama moksa samaya pratiksah. They're just like attendants, servants. Dharma-artha-kama-moksa [SB 4.8.41, Cc. Adi 1.90]. So for a devotee, the position is so exalted. They don't care for all this dharma, artha, kama, moksa. They simply absorbed in thoughts of Krsna. Always thinking, satato, smartavyah satato visnu. Kirtaniyah sada harih [Cc. Adi 17.31]. Always, twenty-four hours. Even in sleeping. That is perfection. Always thinking of Krsna. Go on.
Bhavananda: "To pure devotees, therefore, liberation and spiritual emancipation are not very important things."
Prabhupada: That's not very important. They are, they think that moksa is very exalted position. Therefore Sridhara Swami says moksa, moksa-vancha paryantam nirastam. Moksa-vancha paryantam nirastam. Dharmah projjhita-kaitavo atra paramo nirmatsaranam satam vastava vastu vedyam atra [SB 1.1.2]. So in Bhagavata says that "This Srimad-Bhagavatam is meant by the, meant for the paramahamsas, not for ordinary man." Ordinary man, they are after dharma, artha, kama, moksa. First of all, nowadays, even they do not care for dharma. They're animals. Really human life begins when they take to religious principles. Dharmena hina pasubhih samanah. So dharma-artha-kama-moksa, gradually improvement, and devotional service is above moksa. Therefore dharmah projjhita-kaitavo atra [SB 1.1.2]. Kaitavo, cheating. As soon as there is some motive, that is cheating religion. But bhakti, there is no such thing, dharma, artha, kama, moksa. It is above, transcendental. Therefore it is meant for the paramo nirmatsaranam satam. Nirmatsara. Nirmatsara means envious..., not envious. Matsarata. Para utkarsanam asahanam (?), Sridhara Swami says. If in, if somebody is advancing, somebody is making improvement, his neighbors, his friends, even most intimate friends, they also become envious: "Oh, this man is advancing so much. This man is becoming so rich, so popular." Envious. So Vaisnava is not envious. If somebody advances more than him, he appreciates: "Oh, he's so nice that he has advanced more than me. I could not serve Krsna in such a nice way." That is Vaisnavism. And if one is envious—"Oh, this man is going so fast. Let him, let us put some impediments on this path"—he's not Vaisnava; he's hinasya jantuh. He's animal. Vaisnava cannot be envious. Therefore Vaisnava cult... This is paramo nirmatsaranam [SB 1.1.2]. No matsarata, no enviousness. Satam, devotees. Devotees means he must be nirmatsara. Go on.
Bhavananda: "In this connection, in the Third Canto of Srimad-Bhagavatam, Chapter Twenty-five, verse 23, Kapiladeva has advised His mother, Devahuti, as follows: 'My dear mother, My pure devotees are charmed by seeing My different forms, the beauty of My face, the structure of My body so enchanting. My laughing, My pastimes and My glance appear to them so beautiful that their minds are always absorbed in thoughts of Me, and their lives are dedicated fully unto Me. Although such people do not desire any kind of liberation or any kind of material happiness, still, I give them a place amongst My associates in the supreme abode.' "
Prabhupada: Therefore this arcana-marga, sri-vigraharadhana-nitya-nana-srngara-tan-mandira-marj anadau yuktasya bhaktams ca niyunjato 'pi **. This is the first duty of the spiritual master, to engage the devotees in arcana-marga. Sri-vigraharadhana-nitya. Cleansing the temple, dressing the Deity, decorating with flowers, ornaments and... So that devotees, as soon as (they) see smiling Krsna, pleasing Krsna, they become pleased. They become pleased by seeing Krsna pleased. They do not want to be pleased independently. That is not devotee. Devotee's pleasure is seeing Krsna is pleased. Krsna is also pleased when He sees the devotees are pleased. This is competition. This is competition. Krsna wants to see that His devotees are pleased, and the devotees want to see that Krsna is pleased. Dui lage hura huri (?). This is the competition going on between Krsna and Radharani. By Radharani, seeing the Radharani's beauty, Krsna becomes pleased, and Radharani, when She sees that Krsna is very pleased, She becomes pleased. She becomes more beautiful. And Krsna wants to see. In this way there is competition. This is radha krsna-pranaya vikrtir hladini saktir asmad ekatmanav api deha-bhedam gatau tau [Cc. Adi 1.5]. This is the exchange of Krsna's pleasure potency. Srimati Radharani is the manifestation of pleasure potency of Krsna.
So people who do not know that Radha-Krsna lila is not ordinary thing, just like human being or young girls or young boys... No. Ananda-cinmaya-rasa-pratibhavitabhis [Bs. 5.37]. They are display of ananda-cinmaya-rasa. Cinmaya-rasa. Not jara-rasa (?). Here everything is jara-rasa. So when rascals, they take Krsna is enjoying with girls, they think in comparison to this jara-rasa. But they do not know that this is not jara-rasa. This is ananda-cinamaya-rasa. That they do not know. Therefore they characterize Krsna differently. They question that "Why Krsna danced with the gopis?" The rascals, they do not know that gopis are not these ordinary girls. They are cinmaya-rasa. Ahladini sakti, expansion of ahladini sakti. They should think that Krsna is the Supreme Brahman. Supreme Brahman, for realizing brahma-sukham, one gives up all material happiness. Tyagena. And the Supreme Brahman is enjoying material happiness? No. They do not know. Therefore it is prohibited that ordinary man should not try to understand radha krsna-pranaya-vikrtir. Because they'll commit offense. They do not know. Therefore Narottama, Narottama dasa Thakura sings,
He's hankering. He's looking for days when he will be able to understand what is radha-krsna-pranaya vikrtir. And these ordinary men, they're immediately..., as if, as if they have become more than Narottama dasa Thakura. Radha-Krsna lila... No, you should be very much careful. This Radha-Krsna lila can be understood by the paramahamsa, liberated soul. We should simply worship... Now we are worshiping Radha-Krsna. It is not directly Radha-Krsna; it is Laksmi-Narayana seva. It is not directly... It is not possible... For conditioned soul, there is no possibility of worshiping Radha-Krsna. But we worship through Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Therefore we keep Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu along with Radha-Krsna. By the grace of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, we may be able to understand Radha Krsna lila some day in our life. Radha krsna-pranaya-vikrtir ahladini saktir asmad ekatmanav api deha-bhedam gatau tau, sri-caitanyakhyam prakatam adhuna tad dvayam caikyam aptam.
So through Caitanya Mahaprabhu, we can be, I mean to say, able, we may be able some day to understand what is Radha Krsna. Anarpita-carim cirat karunayavatirnah kalau samarpayitum unnata ujjvala rasam sva-bhakti-sriyam, harih purata-sundara-dyuti... What is that verse? I forget now. So Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, by the grace of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, we should try to understand, we should try to understand Radha-Krsna through Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu, Nectar of Devotion, through the Gosvamis. Don't try to... The sahajiya... Then you'll be sahajiya—smoking bidi and doing all nonsense and singing Radha-Krsna lila on the street and here, there. Going through hell. Radha-Krsna lila is not so cheap. Therefore they are called sahajiya. They have made it cheap. If they want to read Bhagavatam—immediately rasa-lila. If they want to hear something about Krsna—immediately rasa-lila. Because it appears similar, just like young boy, young girls. But it is not that. It is ananda-cinmaya-rasa-pratibhavitabhis tabhir ya eva nija-rupataya kalabhih [Bs. 5.37], Radharani's expansion of Krsna's energy. And the gopis are expansion of Radharani's body. They are not ordinary things. Go on.
Bhavananda: "This evidence from Srimad-Bhagavatam gives assurance to the pure devotee of being elevated to association with the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Srila Rupa Gosvami remarks in this connection that one who is actually attracted by the beauty of the lotus feet of Sri Krsna or His service and whose heart, by such attraction, is always full with transcendental bliss will naturally never aspire after the liberation which is so valuable to the impersonalists."
Prabhupada: Yes. Liberation, a devotee never... Why liberation? Prabodhananda Sarasvati, he says... Liberation means kaivalya. Kaivalyam narakayate. What is this liberation? It is as good as the hell. Kaivalyam narakayate. Tri-dasa-pur akasa-puspayate (Caitanya-candramrta 5). The persons, they are hankering after being elevated to the heavenly planet. So for a devotee, this is will o' the wisp, phantasmagoria, it has no value. Kaivalyam narakayate tri-dasa-pur akasa-puspayate indriya-kala-sarpa-patali protkhata-damstrayate. And the yogis... Karmis, jnanis, yogis. Karmis are after heavenly planet; jnanis are after kaivalya, liberation; yogis are after controlling the senses. So senses are very dangerous. Everyone knows. Our senses are very strong. Therefore the yoga system is recommended for them who are very much in bodily concept of life. Therefore they are advised to exercise the body to come to the point of spiritual platform. But those who are above bodily concept of life, those senses have been purified.
sevanam bhaktir ucyate
[Cc. Madhya 19.170]
Those who are actually engaged in pure devotion, their senses are purified. Without purified senses, you cannot approach. With ordinary material senses, you cannot approach. Therefore we have to follow the regulative principles. Regulative principle and sinful activities. Otherwise, how we can approach Krsna? Yesam anta-gatam papam. By the senses we commit so many sinful activities. Therefore sin, without being free from sinful activities, nobody can approach Krsna. Param brahma param dhama pavitram paramam bhavan [Bg. 10.12]. Krsna is pavitram paramam, the supreme purified. So how we can approach Krsna without being purified? Therefore the four principle, regulative principles must be followed. Otherwise, there is no chance of advancing. There is no chance. They are relatively cooperatively helpful, chanting, but one must be willing that "I must be purified to approach Krsna." Otherwise he becomes sahajiya. So "I am approaching Krsna. I can smoke bidi. I can take marijuana. I can..." No. Must be purified. Go on.
Bhavananda: "A similar passage is also there in Third Canto, Fifteenth Chapter, of the same book, wherein Uddhava addresses Lord Krsna and says, 'My dear Lord, for persons who are engaged in Your transcendental loving service there is nothing worth obtaining from religiousness, economic development, sense gratification or liberation, although happiness from these different sources can be very easily had by them.' "
Prabhupada: Therefore devotee's another name is niskincana, akincana. Niskincanasya bhagavad-bhajanonmukhasya. Niskincana. He doesn't possess anything, don't want to possess anything material. These are all material things. What are those? Sense gratification, economic development, liberation. They are all different stages of material existence. And Krsna is not for the persons who are hankering after material possessions. Krsna is far away. Therefore in the Kunti-stotra in Srimad-Bhagavata it is said, niskincanasya gocarah: "You, Krsna, You are understood by persons who have become niskincana." Niskincana. So niskincanasya bhagavad-bhajanonmukhasya. The qualification of devotion is to become a niskincana. Means one should not try to possess anything material. He should simply try to possess Krsna. There must be some possession. The Mayavadi philosophy, to dispossess material things, will not help him. He must possess something positive. Otherwise he'll fall down. That is our... Because we want something. Param drstva nivartate [Bg. 9.59]. So we simply, we try, that "Let me become sannyasi, niskincana." That is not possible. You must take to the service of Krsna. Then when you are fully satisfied that "I possess Krsna. Krsna is within my heart," then you can give up all this nonsense, kick out: "I don't want." Otherwise not possible. So the two things: Niskincanasya bhagavad-bhajano..., param paro jivesa (?). Those who have become ni..., what is this liberation for them? Nothing. The four things, dharma-artha-kama-moksa. So when one takes to this shelter of Krsna's lotus feet, that is the highest dharma, topmost. That is the topmost yoga. So why he should hanker after dharma-artha-kama-moksa [SB 4.8.41, Cc. Adi 1.90]? It is so nice thing. That is the statement of Uddhava. One who has become pure devotee... One who has possessed... Svantah-sthita gadabhrta. He has become purified. But don't imitate. Actually see whether you are always thinking of Krsna. Then it is all right.
param param jigamisor bhava-sagarasya
visayinam sandarsanam atha yositam ca
ha hanta hanta visa-bhaksanato 'py asadhu
[Cc. Madhya 11.8]
So we have to become niskincana. But niskincana we can become only when we possess Krsna. Otherwise, not possible. Go on.
Bhavananda: "In spite of such facilities, my dear Lord, I do not aspire to achieve any such results. My only prayer is that I may have unflinching faith and devotion unto Your lotus feet."
Prabhupada: This is the only thing. If we have got unflinching faith and devotion to the lotus feet of Krsna, then we can automatically become niskincana, liberated, developed in economic condition. That is not important thing for a devotee. They come automatically. Yoga-ksemam vahamy aham [Bg. 9.22]. Krsna says. Why he should try for economic development? Krsna personally comes. "You want this. Take it." That is devotee. Why he should hankering after economic development? No. Therefore Caitanya Mahaprabhu teaches: na dhanam na janam na sundarim kavitam va jagadisa kamaye [Cc. Antya 20.29, Siksastaka 4]. There is no need of hankering. Krsna knows what he requires, "How My devotee will be satisfied." Krsna knows... If Krsna sees that this devotee has got little desire for some material enjoyment, Krsna will give.
Just like Dhruva Maharaja. Dhruva Maharaja, he went to the forest to worship the Lord, for getting the kingdom of his father or better than that. So although when Dhruva Maharaja saw the Lord he said svamin krtartho 'smi varam na ya..., "I, I don't want anything. I am now fully satisfied", still Krsna gave him Dhruvaloka. Because he desired: "No, you enjoy. Then you come back again." So there is no need of asking any... Krsna knows, as the father knows, the mother knows what is the need of my child; Therefore pure devotee never asks from Krsna anything except His service. Mama janmani janamanisvare bhavatad bhaktir ahaituki. "Without any cause let me be engaged in Your service." This is Krsna consciousness, perfection. Go on.
Bhavananda: "A similar passage appears in the Third Canto, 25th Chapter, 31st verse, wherein Kapiladeva instructs His mother and says: 'My Dear Mother, devotees whose hearts are always filled in the service of My lotus feet, and who are prepared to do anything for my satisfaction, especially those who assemble together to understand My qualities, pastimes and form, and thus glorify Me congregationally and derive transcendental pleasure therefrom, such fortunate devotees never desire to become one with Me.' "
Prabhupada: Yes. Go on.
Bhavananda: " 'And not to speak of becoming one with Me, if they are offered a post like Mine in My abode, or opulence like Mine, or even personal association with Me with similar bodily features, they refuse to accept because they are satisfied simply by being engaged in My devotional service.' "
Prabhupada: Yes. All kinds of mukti, sarupya-mukti, sa, sa... Sayujya-mukti, no devotee desires, kicked out. There is no question of sayujya-mukti. But other four kinds of muktis, sarupya-mukti, salokya-mukti, these muktis are desired by the inhabitants of Vaikuntha. Vaikunthesvara. Especially in South India, they worship the Vaisnava, Venkatesa. Venkatesa means Vaikunthesa, the Lord of Vaikuntha. So the, the associates, the devotees of the Lord in Vaikuntha, they desire sarupya-mukti, to have similar feature of the body, four-handed. Visnuduta. And salokya, the same as Narayana is living in Vaikuntha, they also live in Vaikuntha. This is also in the bhakti-marga. But a, a higher advanced devotee, even he does not want all these things. Even... Wherever Krsna puts him, that's all right. It doesn't matter. Yatha tatha vidadhatu lampato mat-prana-nathas tu sa eva naparah. You can, whatever You like, can do. It doesn't matter. I don't want any exchange. I don't want to do business with You. That is pure devotee. Go on.
Bhavananda: "In the Srimad-Bhagavatam, Fourth Canto, 9th Chapter, 10th verse, King Dhruva says, My dear Lord, the transcendental pleasure derived by meditation upon Your lotus feet, which is enjoyed by the pure devotees, cannot be approached by the transcendental pleasure derived by the impersonalists through self-realization. So how can the fruitive workers who at most can desire to promotion to the higher, heavenly planets understand You, and how can they be described as enjoying a happiness similar to the devotees' happiness.' "
Prabhupada: So there are three kinds of happinesses described, material happiness, spiritual happiness and devotional happiness. Three kinds of happinesses are very nicely described in this chapter.
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