esa hi brahmano vidvams
ariradhayisur brahma
bhutesv antarhitam gunaih
esahthis; hiindeed; brahmanaha qualified brahmana; vidvanlearned in Vedic knowledge; tapahausterity; silagood behavior; guna-anvitahendowed with all good qualities; ariradhayisuhdesiring to be engaged in worshiping; brahmathe Supreme Brahman; maha-purusathe Supreme Person, Krsna; samjnitamknown as; sarva-bhutaof all living entities; atma-bhavenaas the Supersoul; bhutesuin every living entity; antarhitamwithin the core of the heart; gunaihby qualities.
Here is a learned, highly qualified brahmana, engaged in performing austerity and eagerly desiring to worship the Supreme Lord, the Supersoul who lives within the core of the heart in all living entities.
The wife of the brahmana did not regard her husband as a superficial brahmana who was called a brahmana merely because he was born of a brahmana family. Rather, this brahmana was actually qualified with the brahminical symptoms. Yasya yal laksanam proktam (Bhag. 7.11.35). The symptoms of a brahmana are stated in the sastra:
Peacefulness, self-control, austerity, purity, tolerance, honesty, wisdom, knowledge, and religiousnessthese are the qualities by which the brahmanas work. (Bg. 18.42) Not only must a brahmana be qualified, but he must also engage in actual brahminical activities. Simply to be qualified is not enough; one must engage in a brahmanas duties. The duty of a brahmana is to know the param brahma, Krsna (param brahma param dhama pavitram paramam bhavan [Bg. 10.12]). Because this brahmana was actually qualified and was also engaged in brahminical activities (brahma-karma), killing him would be a greatly sinful act, and the brahmanas wife requested that he not be killed.

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