TEXT 11
dravya-svabhavasaya-karma-kalair
ekadasami manaso vikarah
sahasrasah satasah kotisas ca
ksetrajnato na mitho na svatah syuh
SYNONYMS
dravya—by physical objects; sva-bhava—by nature as the cause of development; asaya—by culture; karma—by predestined resultant actions; kalaih—by time; ekadasa—eleven; ami—all these; manasah—of the mind; vikarah—transformations; sahasrasah—in thousands; satasah—in hundreds; kotisah ca—and in millions; ksetra-jnatah—from the original Supreme Personality of Godhead; na—not; mithah—one another; na—nor; svatah—from themselves; syuh—are.
TRANSLATION
The physical elements, nature, the original cause, culture, destiny and the time element are all material causes. Agitated by these material causes, the eleven functions transform into hundreds of functions and then into thousands and then into millions. But all these transformations do not take place automatically by mutual combination. Rather, they are under the direction of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
PURPORT
One should not think that all the interactions of the physical elements, gross and subtle, that cause the transformation of mind and consciousness are working independently. They are under the direction of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. In Bhagavad-gita (15.15), Krsna says that the Lord is situated in everyone’s heart (sarvasya caham hrdi sannivisto mattah smrtir jnanam apohanam ca). As mentioned herein, Supersoul (ksetrajna) is directing everything. The living entity is also ksetrajna, but the supreme ksetrajna is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He is the witness and order giver. Under His direction, everything takes place. The different inclinations of the living entity are created by his own nature or his expectations, and he is trained by the Supreme Personality of Godhead through the agency of material nature. The body, nature and the physical elements are under the direction of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. They do not function automatically. Nature is neither independent nor automatic. As confirmed in Bhagavad-gita, the Supreme Personality of Godhead is behind nature.
mayadhyaksena prakrtih
suyate sa-caracaram
hetunanena kaunteya
jagad viparivartate
“This material nature is working under My direction, O son of Kunti, and it is producing all moving and unmoving beings. By its rule this manifestation is created and annihilated again and again.” (Bg. 9.10)

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