TEXT 33
ksarodeksu-rasoda-suroda-ghrtoda-ksiroda-dadhi-mandoda-suddhodah sapta jaladhayah sapta dvipa-parikha ivabhyantara-dvipa-samana ekaikasyena yathanupurvam saptasv api bahir dvipesu prthak parita upakalpitas tesu jambv-adisu barhismati-patir anuvratanatmajan agnidhredhmajihva-yajnabahu-hiranyareto-ghrtaprstha-medhatithi-vitihotra-samjnan yatha-sankhyenaikaikasminn ekam evadhi-patim vidadhe.
SYNONYMS
ksara—salt; uda—water; iksu-rasa—the liquid extract from sugarcane; uda—water; sura—liquor; uda—water; ghrta—clarified butter; uda—water; ksira—milk; uda—water; dadhi-manda—emulsified yogurt; uda—water; suddha-udah—and drinking water; sapta—seven; jala-dhayah—oceans; sapta—seven; dvipa—islands; parikhah—trenches; iva—like; abhyantara—internal; dvipa—islands; samanah—equal to; eka-ekasyena—one after another; yatha-anupurvam—in chronological order; saptasu—seven; api—although; bahih—outside; dvipesu—in islands; prthak—separate; paritah—all around; upakalpitah—situated; tesu—within them; jambu-adisu—beginning with Jambu; barhismati—of Barhismati; patih—the husband; anuvratan—who were actually followers of the fatherís principles; atma-jan—sons; agnidhra-idhmajihva-yajnabahu-hiranyaretah-ghrtaprstha-medhatithi-vitihotra-samjnan—named Agnidhra, Idhmajihva, Yajnabahu, Hiranyareta, Ghrtaprstha, Medhatithi and Vitihotra; yatha-sankhyena—by the same number; eka-ekasmin—in each island; ekam—one; eva—certainly; adhi-patim—king; vidadhe—he made.
TRANSLATION
The seven oceans respectively contain salt water, sugarcane juice, liquor, clarified butter, milk, emulsified yogurt, and sweet drinking water. All the islands are completely surrounded by these oceans, and each ocean is equal in breadth to the island it surrounds. Maharaja Priyavrata, the husband of Queen Barhismati, gave sovereignty over these islands to his respective sons, namely Agnidhra, Idhmajihva, Yajnabahu, Hiranyareta, Ghrtaprstha, Medhatithi and Vitihotra. Thus they all became kings by the order of their father.
PURPORT
It is to be understood that all the dvipas, or islands, are surrounded by different types of oceans, and it is said herein that the breadth of each ocean is the same as that of the island it surrounds. The length of the oceans, however, cannot equal the length of the islands. According to Viraraghava Acarya, the breadth of the first island is 100,000 yojanas. One yojana equals eight miles, and therefore the breadth of the first island is calculated to be 800,000 miles. The water surrounding it must have the same breadth, but its length must be different.

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