Bombay, April 7, 1971
Prabhupada: (chants mangalacarana prayers) Ladies and gentlemen, I thank you very much for your kindly participating in this movement of Krsna consciousness. Perhaps this meeting will be ended tomorrow and we shall have a nice procession to Chowpati at 4 p.m., and I hope you will all join us as you are usually doing. Actually, according to Caitanya Mahaprabhu and according to the Vedic instructions, this movement should be continued in every city for twenty-four hours. Kirtaniyah sada harih [Cc. Adi 17.31]. Caitanya Mahaprabhu does not say that it should be occasional, temporary. He says that kirtaniyah sada. Sada means always. Similarly, Srimad-Bhagavata says also, nityam bhagavata-sevaya. Nasta-prayesu abhadresu nityam bhagavata-sevaya [SB 1.2.18]. One has to cleanse all the inauspicious things within our hearts. Caitanya Mahaprabhu says also the same thing, that ceto-darpana-marjanam [Cc. Antya 20.12]. We have to cleanse the dirty things accumulated in our heart since time immemorial. Bhaktivinoda Thakura said, anadi-karama-phale, pori' bhavarnava-jale. We do not know when we have begun this conditioned life in this material world. You cannot trace. That is impossible, because this life is not only in this creation, but it is coming from another creation. Susupti. Now the creation is going on since the birth of Lord Brahma, and it will continue for so many millions of years. Again it will be annihilated. As you will find in the Bhagavad-gita, bhutva bhutva praliyate [Bg. 8.19]. This creation takes place exactly like your body, my body. The creation of this body takes place at a certain date. That is the beginning of history. But time is immemorial, I mean to say, eternal. It is all relative truth. The history is relative. Just like my life begins, this body begins somewhere in 1896—something like that—and it ends somewhere. That time limit is relative to my body. Similarly, there is Brahma's body. That relative time is long, long duration. As you'll find in the Bhagavad-gita, Brahma's life is described by Krsna, sahasra-yuga-paryantam arhad yad brahmano viduh [Bg. 8.17]. This Satya, Treta, Dvapara, Kali, four yugas, it comes to about forty-three lakhs of years. So combine together, if you multiply it by one thousand, that is the duration of one day's life of Brahma. Similarly, he has got night. This is only daytime, twelve hours. The similar period, night, that makes twenty-four hours. Then again one month, thirty days and nights. Similarly, one year, twelve months. Similarly, one hundred years. So his duration of life is also one hundred years, but because it is a different person, that truth is relative according to that person. That is scientifically admitted: everything is relative truth, nothing absolute truth.
So we are... It is a fact that we are in a conditioned life. It is not absolute. And the, Krsna, He is absolute. He is never conditioned, as we have explained that the three qualities of this material nature are emanation from Krsna, but He is not affected by the qualities. Therefore He is called nirguna. Nirguna, nirakara, does not mean that He has no form or He has no quality. He has no material qualities, nor He is affected by the material qualities. And akara... He is not nirakara as we understand. We understand nirakara means formless. But Krsna is not formless. Krsna has form. That is transcendental form, sac-cid-ananda-vigrahah [Bs. 5.1]. His body is eternal and full of bliss, transcendental bliss, and full of knowledge. That is Krsna's feature. So we have also got minute quantity of Krsna's qualities because we are minute particles of Krsna, but that is now covered by maya. This maya means... When we forget our actual relationship with Krsna, that is called maya, false egotism. Falsely I am thinking that "I am American," "I am Indian," "I am brahmana," "I am this," "I am that." These are all false designations. Real identification is "I am Krsna's." I have repeatedly said. When this realization is achieved, that mahatma is su-durlabhah, very rare. Sa mahatma su-durlabhah. Who? One who understands that vasudevah sarvam iti: [Bg. 7.19] "Vasudeva is the origin of everything." Krsna is the origin.
Cause of all causes. That is being explained by Krsna Himself personally. You are hearing about God from God personally. How it is that you do not understand what is God? That means you do not try to understand it or you are misled by duskrtina. Krsna therefore says, na mam duskrtino mudhah prapadyante naradhamah [Bg. 7.15]. This sloka we have discussed partially last night.
So anyone who is trying to divert people's attention from Krsna to non-Krsna... That is the business of the modern so-called philosophers and educationists or religionists. They'll continue to read Bhagavad-gita life long but will interpret in a different way so that people may not surrender to Krsna. That is their business. Such persons are called duskrtina. They are themselves also not ready to surrender to Krsna, and they are misleading others also not to surrender to Krsna. That is their business. Such persons are duskrtina, miscreants, rogues, rascals, those who are deviating people in other ways. A great scholar—I do not wish to name—he is writing in his commentary, "It is not to Krsna." Just see. Krsna says, man-mana bhava mad-bhaktah: "You just become My devotee." Mad-yaji mam namaskuru: "You just worship Me and offer your obeisances unto Me. In this way you will get Me. You will achieve Me." The commentator says... The so-called learned commentator says, "It is not to the Krsna person but it is the Absolute Truth which is within Krsna." That means he is dividing Krsna from the Absolute Truth. He does not know what is Krsna. Krsna says, mattah parataram nanyat kincid asti dhananjaya: [Bg. 7.7] "There is no other truth, great truth, than Myself." And he says, "Something greater than Krsna within Sri Krsna." That means it is clear that he does not know what is Krsna, and he has the courage to comment on Bhagavad-gita. That is the pitiable condition. One who does not understand Krsna, he is daring to write comments on the Bhagavad-gita. That is misleading. Therefore Krsna says, duskrtina. They will produce volumes of books. Na yad vacas citra-padam harer yasah [SB 1.5.10]. Bhagavata says that "You can produce volumes of books with nice literary, metaphorical arrangements." Na yad vacas citra-padam harer yasah na pragrnita karhicit. The Bhagavata says that "You can produce a nice book by mental concoction and speculation with nice grammatical and metaphorical arrangement, but if there is no glorification of Krsna, then it is..." What is, like that? Tad vayasam tirtham: "This is a place where you throw away all nasty things." After your mucus or any, all nasty things you throw away, the crows will come there. They will enjoy. Therefore Bhagavata says, "Such literary productions where there is no glorification of the Supreme Lord, it is just like the enjoyable spot of the crows." But there is another class of birth who are called swans, raja-hamsa. They will not come there. They will not come there and enjoy with the crows. This is natural division. They will go in a place where there is very clear reservoir of water, nice trees, nice fruits and flowers, nice birds, manasa-tirthas, manasa-ganga, like that. They will enjoy there. Similarly, this mental speculation, huge, huge books, will be enjoyed by a class of men who are compared with the crows. But glorification of Krsna will be enjoyed by a class of men who are called swans or paramahamsas.
So Bhagavad-gita, Srimad-Bhagavatam, they are meant for paramahamsa-sadhika-caranam, for the paramahamsas. Those who are duskrtina, miscreant, crows, they cannot enjoy what is the taste of Bhagavad-gita. Therefore Krsna says to Arjuna... When He was teaching to him beginning of the Bhagavad-gita, He said, bhakto 'si me priyo 'si me rahasyam hy etad uttamam: "Because you are My devotee, because you are My friend, very dear friend, therefore I am disclosing you the mysteries, rahasyam." Not anybody can understand Bhagavad-gita. It is not possible if he does not follow the principles adopted by Arjuna. Bhakto 'si priyo 'si me [Bg. 4.3]. That is the way of studying Bhagavad-gita. Otherwise, those who are duskrtina, they will take advantage of Bhagavad-gita for making their business and flatter some other duskrtina miscreants also to mislead them. Because other miscreants, they want to be misled, the asuras. Asuri-bhavam asritah. What is the asuri-bhava, demonic tendency? The demonic tendency is that "I am God." That is called demonic tendency, falsely thinking that "I am God." In spite of all education, they have not the little sense that how he becomes a God. Here is God, Krsna. We have got His activities. He married sixteen thousand wives, and He constructed sixteen thousand palaces, and He expanded Himself into sixteen thousand forms. Here is one God. And you are or I am sitting here; I cannot expand up to my apartment also, and how I am expecting to be called as God? These are the test. But these people are popular because certain class of men, asuri-bhava, they also want to be cheated like that. Therefore Krsna says, na mam duskrtino mudhah prapadyante naradhamah: [Bg. 7.15] "Those who are miscreants, those who are rascals, mudha, naradhama, lowest of the mankind, mayayapahrta-jnana, and stolen of his knowledge by maya, such persons, because they are asuras, demons, they do not surrender unto Me." So we have to take it from the statement of Krsna that anyone who does not understand Krsna, who does not surrender unto Krsna, they are to be understood under these classifications.
Then here is one commentation by a learned scholar and devotee, Baladeva Vidyabhusana. He said, nanu cettvam eva prapanna vimucyante, tarhi pandita api kecit kim iti tvam na prapadyante. Now, if Krsna has said simply by surrendering unto Him, mam eva ye prapadyante mayam etam taranti te... Our business is, in the human form of life, how to get out of the clutches or conditions of maya. We are actually trying to do that. All the scientific improvement, material advancement of knowledge, means that we are trying to avoid the conditions imposed by material nature. That is actually we are doing. Why you have invented this electric fan? Call it, that is material science improvement. Because in the excessive heat we are troubled. And wherefrom this excessive heat comes? It comes from the material nature. Therefore our struggle for existence is to fight with the impositions of the material nature. So Krsna says that in this way fighting, you cannot get out of the clutches of maya. Daivi hy esa gunamayi mama maya duratyaya [Bg. 7.14]. It is very difficult. You may have hundreds and thousands of electric fans, but still you will have to feel the effect of excessive heat. You cannot avoid it. Similarly, you may have hundreds or thousands of heating arrangements; still, you have to feel the effects of the cooling effect of winter season. You cannot... Matra-sparsas tu kaunteya sitosna-sukha-duhkha-dah [Bg. 2.14]. We have traveled all over the world. I have seen different climatic influence, how people are suffering. In the Western countries they are thinking that "Indians are very happy because the country is very warm," and we are thinking that "The Western people are very happy because the country is very cold." But nobody is happy; that is a fact—neither the Westerners nor the Easterners—because all of them under the grip of maya. That is a fact. So in this way you cannot escape the stringent laws of maya, or material nature. That is impossible. That is said by Krsna Himself. It is not my statement. Krsna says, daivi hy esa gunamayi mama maya duratyaya [Bg. 7.14]. You cannot escape. Suppose you are escaping by some arrangement, by heating arrangement, by cooling arrangement. But that does not mean by that process you will escape the actual laws of material nature. Just like we have got cold storage. We keep fruits and other things in the cold storage. It looks that it is keeping fresh, but the decomposition method is not stopped there. As soon as you take out from the cold storage, it is all rotten. So you cannot escape the actions or reactions of material nature by these methods. Therefore Krsna says, daivi hy esa gunamayi mama maya duratyaya [Bg. 7.14]. It is very difficult, duratyaya, most difficult task to get out of the, I mean to say, regulative principles of material nature. Then how it is possible? Mam eva ye prapadyante mayam etam taranti te: "Simply by surrendering unto Me one can do it."
So the idea is that... Just like one man is suffering from some disease. The doctor is giving, physician is giving, some medicine and some diet. So if we follow the directions of the physician and eat the diet prescribed by him, there is hope of curing the disease. This is one way. And another person who is suffering from disease but does not care for the physician's instruction or any medicine, he is going on. He is certainly destined to die. As you can understand, similarly, in this material world, both the devotees and nondevotees are there. The devotees, they are trying to be cured from this material disease, and the nondevotees, they do not care for it. They are therefore continuing suffering. We should understand in this way, that... Baladeva Vidyabhusana questions that "If by surrendering unto Krsna we can become out of the clutches of maya, why the panditas, why the learned scholars, scientists, and philosophers do not do that?" So he says that tatraha na mam iti, dustas ca te krtinah, sastrartha-kusalas ceti duskrtinah ku-panditas te mam na prapadyante srutis caivam aha. He is giving evidence from the Vedas how these rascals, they think of themselves as very learned. In the Vedas it is said, avidyayam antare vartamanah svayam dhirah panditam manyamanah: "There is avidya, nescience, ignorance, within, but they are thinking that 'I am very learned.' " That is our another disease. One disease is the troubles and conditions offered by the material nature. So Krsna says that in this material world, so long we are, we have to execute the devotional service. But we may not be disturbed by these material conditions. That was advised to Krsna, (to) Arjuna.
tams titiksasva bharata
Tams titiksasva bharata. So a devotee, his business is that "Because I have got this material body and because I had my past misdeeds, although I am suffering, it does not matter. It comes and goes. It does not matter. Let me do my duty." That is advice of Krsna. A devotee is not disturbed by the material condition. Tat te 'nukampam su-samiksamano [SB 10.14.8]. If there is some reverse condition of life, a devotee thinks, "It is also grace of the Lord because I am minimizing. With minimum trouble, I am minimizing the effects of my past misdeeds." They think like that. So persons who are not devotees, they do not know that only Krsna, or the Supreme Personality of Godhead, He can get me relieved from these material clutches. There is no other way. Harim vina na mrtim taranti. We cannot get relief from these clutches of material world unless we surrender unto Krsna. Krsna therefore says very clearly, sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam saranam [Bg. 18.66]. That is the ultimate end of this Krsna philosophy, Bhagavad-gita. We have to ultimately surrender to Krsna. Otherwise, there is no escape. But those who are miscreants, those who are mudhas or naradhamas, they do not do it.
But there are other classes of men who are described in the next paragraph. He says,
These are the classifications of the demons, those who are atheists, faithless and do not accept the Supreme Personality, their description. But there are others. Not that everyone is asura. There are devatas also. Two classes of men are always there: devata and the asura. So what are the devatas? Catur-vidha bhajante mam janah sukrtino 'rjuna [Bg. 7.16]. There are four classes of men whose background is pious activities. Catur-vidha bhajante mam sukrtinah. The other word is duskrtina, miscreants who are always engaged in sinful activities. And there are others also who are always engaged in pious activities. Therefore sastra recommends to be engaged always in pious activities: "You do this. You do that. You go to the temple. You take early morning bath. You take bath in the Ganges. You take bath in the Yamuna." That is the basic principles of Indian culture, to make all people sukrtina. Because without becoming pious, nobody can understand what is God, what is Krsna. That is not possible. The whole civilization is based on the process of making people pious. Because in another place we'll find Krsna says that yesam anta-gatam papam jananam punya-karmanam. Without punya-karma, without pious activities, nobody can enter into the devotional service.
So this process should be adopted, how to become sukrtina. Sukrti means yajna-dana-tapa-kriya. One must perform sacrifices as prescribed in the sastras, and they must give in charity their hard-earned money for Krsna's cause. That is called dana. Yajna, dana, and tapasya. Tapasya. Just like tomorrow is Sri Rama-navami. The tapasya will be that all the devotees will observe fasting from morning till evening. This is called tapasya. Just like Ekadasi day—there is no eating sumptuously. Simply you take little fruits and flowers. Try to avoid that also. You don't take even water. That is really ekadasi. But because we cannot do it—in the Kali-yuga the time is different—therefore we are allowed to take little fruit and milk, which is called anukalpa. These are different methods of tapasya. And yajna. This yajna, sankirtanaih prayair yajnaih, yajanti hi su-medhasah. In this age you cannot perform that big asvamedha yajna, gomedha yajna, rajasuya yajna, so many other yajnas. It is not possible. First of all, you have no means to perform such yajnas, hundreds and hundreds of tons ghee required for putting into the sacrificial fire. You have not even a drop of your ghee. So forget all those yajnas. In this age, yajnaih sankirtanaih prayaih. That is recommended in the sastra:
yajnaih sankirtanaih prayair
yajanti hi su-medhasah
So these are pious activities, to perform yajna and to give in charity, yajna, dana and tapasya, accepting voluntarily austerity. That will make you sukrtina. And if you actually become sukrtina, then you'll be inclined. Because the dirty things will be cleansed by these pious activities, then you will understand. Just like when the sky is cleared of all clouds you can see the sunshine very brilliantly, similarly, you can see Krsna and God very brilliantly as soon as the cloud accumulated in your heart of all dirty things is cleansed. The process of cleansing in this age is this sankirtana yajna. This sankirtana movement is not unauthorized. It is authorized by the sastras. And because they are being properly performed, it is taking effect all over the world.
So we have to undergo all these processes recommended in the sastras-yajna-dana-tapa-kriya. So this is yajna, sankirtana-yajna. It is recommended in the Vedic literature that in this age, Kali-yuga, the form of the Lord as krsna-varnam tvisakrsnam, that "He is always engaged in describing or glorifying Lord Krsna." Who is that? Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Caitanya Mahaprabhu is the indicated incarnation in the Srimad-Bhagavatam. Krsna-varnam tvisakrsnam sangopangastra-parsadam [SB 11.5.32]. You have seen Lord Caitanya's picture. He is always followed by many devotees chanting this Hare Krsna, sangopangastra parsadam, especially His associates Lord Nityananda, Lord Advaita, and Srivas, and Gadadhara. Sri-krsna-caitanya prabhu-nityananda, sri-advaita gadadhara srivasadi-gaura-bhakta-vrnda. These associates, they are Krsna-varnam always. The Lord Himself, Krsna, He is always describing about Krsna as devotee. He is teaching us how to become a devotee of Krsna. Just see how much merciful is Krsna upon us. He is coming personally, instructing Bhagavad-gita, and asking us, "Surrender unto Me. Give up all other business, all other so-called occupations. You surrender unto Me. I shall give you protection from all sinful reactions." Aham tvam sarva-papebhyo moksa..., ma sucah: [Bg. 18.66] "Don't be worried. I'll take charge of you." But still, we do not surrender unto Him. Still, we say, "Oh, this is too much. Krsna is demanding too much from us. No, no. We have many other gods. We can surrender there, or we can do our own business." Therefore Krsna again comes as devotee, Lord Caitanya. Krsna-varnam tvisakrsnam. This time, just to hide Himself He is come in very fair complexion, goldenlike, tvisakrsnam. Krsna, naturally He is blackish, but this incarnation of Krsna, He came not as blackish but akrsna, without being blackish. Pita. That is also confirmed in the sastra. So this body, this incarnation of Krsna, who is always chanting Hare Krsna mantra, but His bodily hue is not blackish, krsna-varnam tvisakrsnam [SB 11.5.32], and He is always followed by His associates, sangopangastra-parsadam, such Personality of Godhead should be worshiped by yajnaih sankirtanaih. This yajna should be performed. Because without performing yajna, you cannot become pious. So, because in this age there is no possibility of performing big yajnas, there is no qualified brahmanas how to perform that yajna, there is no supply of pure ghee, you have no means how to arrange for such yajna—therefore, by the grace of Krsna, He is recommending this yajnaih sankirtanaih—this yajna at your home, in your office, in your factor, anywhere, without any cost. Simply you sit down together and clap on your hand and chant Hare Krsna, Hare Krsna, Krsna Krsna, Hare Hare/ Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare. (applause)
So by performing this yajna, you become purified. Yajna-dana. And so far dana is concerned, that is, of course, different way. You can give in charity. Pranair arthair dhiya vaca. You can make charity. Not that because you have no money, you cannot make charity. You can make charity. What is that? You can dedicate your life, pranaih. Just like these boys and girls. They have not brought any huge amount of money for this Krsna consciousness movement. Because this Krsna consciousness movement has not attracted the richer class of America. Now they are little, little coming. But I have attracted the middle class. So they have not brought any money, huge amount of money, but they have dedicated their life, pranaih. And those who have got money, they can contribute. Just like we are begging from door to door, "Please become a life member and contribute something so that this movement can be pushed on." Pranair arthaih. So if somebody says, "Sir, I have no money, neither I can dedicate my life," then how he will perform the yajna? Pranair arthair dhiya. You can give your intelligence: "So your movement, I appreciate your movement. So please do like this. I will take you to some friend who can help you." That is dhiya, intelligence. And if you have no, if you cannot dedicate your life, if you cannot sacrifice any money, if you have no intelligence, then vaca, you can use your words. What is that? Krsna says, sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam saranam vraja [Bg. 18.66]. You simply go to any friend and advise him, "Please surrender unto Krsna." That is also sacrifice. Is there any difficulty or expenditure to accept this sankirtanair yajnaih prayaih, to accept this sankirtana-yajna movement by anyone? Anyone can accept it, provided he is willing to do it. The Krsna consciousness movement is so nice. It is meant for everyone. There is no discrimination. So far we Indians are concerned, we have got some responsibility. Therefore Krsna, Lord Krsna says... Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu says—He is Lord Krsna also—bharate-bhumite manusya-janma haila yara. Especially for the Indians. Indians have got special prerogative for spreading this Krsna consciousness movement all over the world. (applause)
So why you are neglecting your duty? Prepare hundreds and thousands of preachers from India and send outside. This rascaldom, fighting with one another always, it will be forgotten. There will be one under this flag of Krsna consciousness. There is need of such preachers. We should open regular school or teaching institution for preparing preachers all over the world. That is needed. This Bombay city is very nice city. You can do that. We can help you how to do it. Lord Caitanya Himself preached. Although He was very young man, at that time only twenty-four years old, for preaching work He sacrificed everything. He sacrificed His nice, beautiful wife, He left His old mother, His popularity at Navadvipa as a great scholar and beautiful boy, and He accepted sannyasa just for the purpose of preaching Krsna consciousness. These are the examples. So Sanatana Gosvami, Rupa Gosvami, they were prime minister of the then government of Bengal. They sacrificed their post. They joined Caitanya Mahaprabhu, that "Let us help You." Raghunatha Dasa Gosvami, he was the biggest zamindar of that time. His father's income was twelve lakhs of rupees per month. How rich he was. He sacrificed everything and joined Caitanya Mahaprabhu's movement. There were six Gosvamis: Rupa, Sanatana, Bhatta Raghunatha, Dasa Raghunatha, and Jiva Gosvami, and Gopala Bhatta. All, they were very stalwart men of that society. They sacrificed everything. Why? Because Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu wanted that
So there is need of this movement. So any intelligent man from India, first of all let him, I mean to say, made his life successful by understanding what is this Krsna consciousness movement. It is not difficult. The real purpose of this movement? To teach people how he can surrender to Krsna, that's all. That is the sum and substance of this movement. If one accepts this principle without any difficulty, he is immediately a preacher. But if he does not accept, he wants to understand the philosophy, we have got volumes of books. Try to understand through books, through philosophy, through science, how this movement is important, and try to join. That is our appeal to you. Now, I think, today we are ending. You shall bear in mind these principles of our philosophy and do your best how to help it.
Thank you very much. (applause) (end)