These qualities have been discussed. They are called daiva, godly qualities. And nongodly qualities, demonic qualities:
Then He explains that "If you develop your godly characteristics, then you make progress toward liberation." Daivi sampad vimoksaya [Bg. 16.5]. Vimoksa. Vimoksa means liberation. This word vimoksa is very significant. Moksa means liberation. And why this word vi? Vi means visesa, specifically. Specifically moksa. There are two kinds of moksas. Actually, there are five kinds of moksa, but five kinds can be divided into two kinds. Liberation... Sayujya, samipya, salokya, sarupya, sarsti [Cc. Madhya 6.266]. Then again, these five kinds of liberation can be divided into two. One is sayujya-mukti and another: sarupya, salokya, sarsti, samipya—these four into one division. Sayujya-mukti means to merge into the existence of the Supreme. And sarupya-mukti means to acquire exactly the bodily feature of Visnu, four hands. Just like in the Vaikuntha the inhabitants are exactly of the same feature as Narayana. They have got also four hands. You cannot distinguish who is Narayana and who is not Narayana. So that is called sarupya-mukti. Just like when vaikuntha-dutas were sent to reclaim Ajamila, they were four-handed, exactly looking like Narayana.
It can be understood. Just in this planet, if the president of the Indian Union comes here, unless he is very well known, nobody can distinguish who is president and who is a common gentleman because the features are the same. Similarly, in the Vaikunthaloka, the residents of Vaikuntha are exactly like Narayana. Sarupya-mukti. Salokya-mukti. Salokya-mukti means to live in the same planets where God is living, Narayana is living. And sarsti, you acquire the same opulence as Narayana has got opulences. And samipya. Samipya means to remain always with Narayana as associates. Just like Krsna, Krsna has His associates. Krsna, when He appeared on this material world, He had His eternal associates: the cowherds boys, the gopis. They're always with Krsna. That is called samipya. They are never away from Krsna. It is possible. Everyone can attain. Krsna comes down on this planet to exhibit His vrndavana-lila just to attract us that anyone can have the same facilities, to play with Krsna, to talk with Krsna. That is described in the Srimad-Bhagavatam.
ittham satam brahma-sukhanubhutya
dasyam gatanam para-daivatena
sakam vijahruh krta-punya-punjah
Sukadeva Gosvami is describing the Krsna and His friends, cowherds boys, playing together. So he is remarking that "These boys who are playing with Krsna, they are not ordinary boys because they are playing with... Ittham brahma-sukhanubhutya. Ittham satam brahma-sukhanubhutya. "They are playing with the Absolute Truth who is realized by the great sages as the impersonal Brahman." There are different features of the Absolute Truth: impersonal Brahman, localized Paramatma, and Personality of Godhead. So those who are attached to impersonal Brahman... Sukadeva Gosvami says that these boys who are playing with Krsna... Krsna is brahma-sukhanubhutya, the origin of brahma-sukha. It is also stated in the Bhagavad-gita, brahmanah aham pratistha: "The Brahman, the impersonal Brahman, is situated on Me." Because Brahman is the bodily effulgence of Krsna. Yasya prabha prabhavato jagad-anda-kotih [Bs. 5.40]. Therefore Sukadeva Gosvami says that "These boys, they are not ordinary boys. They are playing with the Supreme Brahman." Ittham satam brahma-sukhanubhutya. And dasyam gatanam para-daivatena. And those who are devotees, those who have taken their position as eternal servant of God, dasyam gatanam, for them, He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. For the impersonalists, He is the Supreme Brahman. And for the personalists, devotees, He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. And mayasritanam nara-darakena. And those who are under the influence of the illusory energy, maya, for them, this Krsna is ordinary boy. Mayasritanam. They cannot see Krsna. Avajananti mam mudha manusim tanum asritam [Bg. 9.11]. Those who are mudhas, not sufficient knowledge, poor fund of knowledge, they accept Krsna as ordinary person. So therefore... Bhagavata also says mayasritanam nara-darakena: "Those who are under the protection of maya, illusory energy, for them Krsna is ordinary person or human being." But these boys are playing, krta-punya-punjah [SB 10.12.11]. Krta-punya-punjah. Punjah means stock, huge stock of pious activities. Therefore they have come to the position, directly playing with Krsna. They have become associates. So that is possible. Anyone can become direct associate of Krsna. That is called samipya-mukti, always with Krsna. Whenever Krsna appears, they also appear.
So there are two kinds of muktis. So far sayujya-mukti is concerned, that is not very sure. What is this sound? (thumping sound like drum or machine in background) Sayujya-mukti, one who takes liberation of merging into the existence of the Supreme Absolute Truth, that is not very secure position because they may fall down again to the material world. That is also stated in the Srimad-Bhagavatam. Aruhya krcchrena param padam tatah patanty adho 'nadrta-yusmad-anghrayah [SB 10.2.32]. These impersonalists, after undergoing severe austerities... To come to the Brahman platform, impersonal Brahman platform, that is also not very easy. One has to undergo severe austerities. Tapasya. Nothing can be achieved with(out) tapasya. Any kind of liberation cannot be achieved without tapasya. That is the verdict of all Vedic literature. You cannot make it very easily accessible, but for this age it is easily accessible. Because the people are not so advanced, therefore sastra gives them a little concession.
Just like in the race, the horse which is weak, it gives, some concession is given. And those who are strong, they are overloaded. Similarly, because the people of this age are not very strong, spiritually inclined, therefore for this particular age of Kali the tapasya has been, I mean to say, decreased. Just like these boys and girls. The tapasya means they have simply given up some bad habits: no illicit sex life, no intoxication, no meat-eating, no gambling. That's all. Very easy. Now, you can see this is tapasya. And chanting Hare Krsna mantra twenty-four hours. This is the tapasya for Kali-yuga. Kalau nasty eva nasty eva nasty eva. Any other means of meditation, offering sacrifices, or worshiping the Deity in the temple, these are difficult task, especially in this age. Kalau tad dhari-kirtanat. In this age, simply by chanting Hare Krsna mantra, Hare Krsna Hare Krsna Krsna Krsna Hare Hare, Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare, one can very easily make advance in spiritual life.
And you can see how these boys and girls, those who are coming from Western countries, although they had many misgivings in their past life, now they are pure. Only (on) account of chanting this Hare Krsna mantra. This is... They are now developing the daivi sampat. Daivi sampat means the characteristics by which they can make very easy progress for liberation and spiritual realization. That is called daivi sampat. As soon as one becomes a devotee, this daivi sampat automatically becomes manifested. Yasyasti bhaktir bhagavaty akincana sarvair gunais tatra samasate surah [SB 5.18.12]. As soon as one develops his original dormant love of God, or Krsna consciousness, then all the good qualities becomes manifest. Because the good qualities are already there. This is the process. People are trying to make people very honest. But how they can be honest? Unless there is Krsna consciousness, it is very difficult to become honest. Harav abhaktasya kuto mahad-gunah. Mahad-gunah, good qualities, good characteristics, good behavior, moral qualities, cannot be developed if one is not Krsna conscious. That is not possible. If people are simply paid to be Krsna conscious, then the state will save so much expense. Because they have to maintain huge establishment to stop criminal activities. But if people become devotees, there will be no more criminal activities. That's a fact.
Therefore it is the duty of everyone to train everyone. Just like the parents. They should train their children to become Krsna conscious. The state should encourage how people can become Krsna conscious. Then automatically all the good qualities will come. Now, actually, in the United States the government is realizing the importance of our movement because the government has failed to stop this intoxication habit, LSD. In the Western countries, the younger generation are becoming too much addicted to this intoxication, LSD habit, and it has become a problem to the government and they have established so many institutions to stop this habit, but they have failed. But they are seeing wonderful result amongst our camp, that simply coming to Krsna consciousness, they have given all intoxication. It is practical. They have given up. So some of the institutions, government, they are inviting us, that "How you can help?" So we say that "Our process is simple. We cannot take any other process. Our process is that if anyone wants to be cured from this bad habit, then let him come, live with us. That's all. Sit down here. Chant Hare Krsna mantra. See the arati, and take prasadam." And there is no... We don't supply any tea or coffee. No. We cannot supply. And nobody grudges also, that "You are not supplying us tea or coffee or cigarettes." No. So the spiritual power is so nice that automatically forget. Param drstva nivartate [Bg. 9.59], as it is stated in the Bhagavad-gita. If you find something very palatable, very nice, then you give up the bad thing. If you are offered a nice rasagulla, why should you take ordinary molasses or gur or anything else? Param drstva nivartate. That is the formula given by Lord Krsna. When one relishes a transcendental pleasure, he automatically gives up the so-called material pleasure, automatically.
So therefore Krsna is stressing that, daivi sampad vimoksaya. These daivi sampad characteristics should be encouraged to make one liberated, vimoksaya. Just like these boys and girls have become liberated from all bad habits. Daivi sampad vimoksaya. Daivi sampad vimoksaya nibandhayasuri mata. And if you develop demonic qualities, then you become more and more entangled in this material existence. It is very risky. We are thinking that "Let me enjoy this life to my best capacity," as the atheist class of people think, but they do not know how much risk they are taking. If I develop my characteristics like cats and dogs, then my next life is becoming bound up in the body of cats and dogs. But they do not know the science. How the transmigration of the soul is evolving in 8,400,000 species of life, the modern science they do not know. They do not know, but there is, there is law.
We have come to this civilized form of human being. Especially we have taken birth in India. It is a good fortune. It is an opportunity given by prakrti. Prakrteh kriyamanani gunaih karmani sarvasah. So we should take advantage of this opportunity. here in India we have got this sublime knowledge of Veda, and here there are still thousands and thousands of saintly persons. So we should take advantage of this facility. Caitanya Mahaprabhu therefore said that "Anyone who has taken birth in the land of Bharatavarsa..." Bharata-bhumite manusya janma haila yara: [Cc. Adi 9.41] "Anyone who has taken birth in this land of Bharatavarsa..." Janma sarthaka kari' kara para-upakara: "First of all make your life perfect by taking advantage of this Vedic facility, and then distribute this knowledge all over the world." This is injunction. This is the mission of Lord Caitanya.
So it is practically being utilized in this Krsna consciousness movement. We are giving the knowledge, this knowledge, to the western world in different ways. For the mass of people simply by chanting, making them purified. And the class of people, we have got books. We have got many important books. Let them understand our philosophy with, I mean to say, scientific knowledge, with philosophical vision. Not that we are simply sentimentalists, simply dancing. We have got... Dancing is not sentimental. It is spiritual ecstasy. It is not ordinary dancing. This dancing is not ordinary dancing. So anyway, if you think that this dancing is a sentimental caricature, you may think like that, but if you want to understand through philosophy and science, we can supply you immense literature.
So this is the duty. This is the duty of all responsible Indians, how to make his life perfect, utilizing Vedic knowledge, and then distribute it throughout the whole world. Because in other parts of the world they have no such advantage. Why these American boys are coming to us? Because they did not get the advantage of spiritual life, but they are seeking after spiritual life. Athato brahma jijnasa. They are fed up with this materialistic way of life. They want something spiritual. But because there is no such information, there is no such leader, they are becoming hippies, frustrated, confused. And because here is something substantial, they are taking it. This is the secret of success of this Krsna consciousness movement.
So here it is clearly stated, daivi sampad vimoksaya. If you do not develop your godly qualities, then there is no question of liberation. It is not a fashion, that you do anything nonsense and simply take as Vedanta and talk while smoking, and you become liberated. It is not so easy. It is not so easy. You have to form your Vedanta character; then you can understand this philosophy.
yesam (tv) anta-gatam papam
bhajante mam drdha-vratah
So those who come to Krsna consciousness, they are not ordinary persons because Krsna says personally, who can come to Him: te dvandva-moha-nirmukta bhajante mam drdha-vratah. Drdha-vrata means with firm conviction that simply by devotional service to Krsna, simply by becoming Krsna conscious, one becomes perfect in all respects. This is called faith. This is called faith. Yesam tv anta-gatam papam jananam punya-karmanam, te dvandva-moha-nirmuktah.
Duality. Our position in this dual world is we are always doubtful. Krsna says, sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam saranam vraja [Bg. 18.66], but we are doubtful. That is material influence. "How it is that simply by surrendering to Krsna I become free from all material contamination or sinful activities results?" Doubt. But actually, you should not be doubtful. You should accept because Krsna is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. You should accept His word as it is. And because we are doubtful, we are presenting Krsna in a different way. And there are so many commentators, so many swamis, they put Krsna in a different way. But Krsna is Krsna. Law of identity. You cannot comment on the Krsna's personality. He says that "I am the Supreme Personality of Godhead." Mattah parataram nanyat kincid asti dhananjaya: [Bg. 7.7] "There is no more superior authority than Me." We accept that. Then we can understand Bhagavad-gita and take advantage of it; otherwise (it is) not possible. And that requires daivi sampat, godly characteristics.
So those godly characteristics are there. Either you practice yourself to come to the godly characteristics or there is simply method, if you take to devotional service, all the godly qualities automatically come. This is the process. So in this age, to develop these godly qualities is very difficult. But if you take to Krsna consciousness by the simple method, by chanting Hare Krsna Hare Krsna Krsna Krsna Hare Hare, then automatically you develop all the godly qualities.
Now, Arjuna is encouraged because Arjuna was thinking in the terms of material calculation. Just like Gandhi introduced this nonviolence. That is material calculation. It is all right. To become nonviolent is good qualification. But from spiritual calculation... Spiritual calculation means that surrendering unto Krsna and then act. The difference between bhakti-yoga and ordinary karma is this: that when one's senses are purified under the direction of Krsna or His representative, that is bhakti. Hrsikena hrsikesa-sevanam bhaktir ucyate. What is bhakti? Sarvopadhi-vinirmuktam tat-paratvena nirmalam [Cc. Madhya 19.170]. One has to become purified, sarvopadhi-vinirmukta. At the present moment we are encumbered with different types of designations. "I am Indian," "I am Christian," "I am Hindu," "I am Muslim," "I am this," "I am that." They are all upadhis. But when one comes to the understanding that "I am eternally servant of Krsna," that is liberation. That is sarvopadhi-vinirmuktam tat-paratvena nirmalam [Cc. Madhya 19.170]. Being identified with Krsna's interest, he becomes nirmalam. That is mukti. Nirmalam means mukti. So long we are contaminated we are not mukta; we are conditioned. And as soon as we become nirmalam, that means mukti.
These things I have several times explained, in the Srimad-Bhagavatam also, what is mukti. Mukti means to be situated in his original position. That is mukti. Just like a man is diseased, and if you say that "Now he is relieved from the diseased condition," that is mukti. Now he's healthy condition. That is mukti. Mukti means change of the condition. That is mukti. Not that something extraordinary happens. The change of condition. The baddha condition, this... The material conditional life means that we are embarrassed with so many plans and concoctions for sense gratification. That is not mukti. That is the stage of nonliberated position. And mukti means to be situated in his original position. That is mukti. Muktir hitva anyatha rupam. Hitva anyatha rupam. What that anyatha rupam? Anyatha means otherwise. Everyone one of us acting otherwise. Somebody is acting that "I am Pakistani." "I am East Pakistani." "I am West Pakistani. Let us fight." Anyatha rupam. A few days before they were all Pakistanis. When there was fighting between India and Pakistan, they were all united. Now they have changed their, another anyatha rupam, that "I am Eastern Pakistani," "I am Western Pakistani." In this way, so long you are contaminated, you change your mind, you will change your position. But it's not that real position. Unless you come to the real position.
The real position is, as Krsna says, that mamaivamso jiva-bhutah: [Bg. 15.7] "All living entities are My parts and parcels." When you realize that "I am part and parcel of Krsna; therefore my only business is to serve Krsna..." Just like part and parcel of my body is always serving, similarly, we, being part and parcel of Krsna, our only business is to be engaged in devotional service of Krsna. That is mukti. Svarupena vyavasthitih [SB 2.10.6]. So here Krsna is encouraging Arjuna, ma sucah: "Don't think that because I am engaging you to fight, don't think that you are demonic person." Because generally, people take, when one fights, he is considered to be violent demon. But Krsna has already encouraged Arjuna to fight, but here he says that "These are the godly qualities." Apaisunam, nonviolence, ahimsa ksantir arjavam, ahimsa. These things have been stated. So because Arjuna is Krsna's very intimate and dear friend, immediately He says... As soon as He says that daivi sampad vimoksaya nibandhayasuri mata [Bg. 16.5]. Asuri mata. This asurika fighting or asurika qualities, this is the cause of being entangled in this material existence. So Arjuna may be thinking that "I am fighting. I am also in asurika sampat." So Krsna (is) immediately encouraging him, ma sucah. Ma sucah sampadam daivim abhijato 'si bharata: "Don't think that you are in the asurika sampat." Why? He was fighting, he was killing. Why Krsna says that "You are in the daivi sampat"? The thing is that he is fighting not for himself; he is fighting for Krsna. That is the secret. He was fighting for Krsna.
Personally he was not inclined to fight. Nonviolent. "No, Krsna. I cannot fight. I cannot kill my brothers and the grandfather and so many relatives on the other side. I cannot." That was his personal consideration. But when the consideration is in Krsna consciousness, fighting for Krsna, that is daivi sampad. So the summary is that if anyone is in Krsna consciousness actually, not by concoction, by imagination, actually, then whatever he does, that is daivi. Whatever he does, that is daivi sampat. Ma nimittam krtam papam punyaya eva kalpate.(?)
There are so many examples. We can cite some of them. Just like the gopis. The gopis at dead of night, when Krsna's flute was being played... The gopis were young girls. So immediately they give up their all engagement. Some of them were taking care of the children, some of them were cooking, some of them giving food to the husband. So many engagement. But they gave up any, everything and immediately went to Krsna. Krsna advised them, "Oh, at dead of night you have come here?" Those who have read Srimad-Bhagavatam, these things are there. Now, for young woman to leave family and, I mean to say, home and go to the forest for another person, it is most abominable, sinful, in the ordinary eyes. Sinful. But because it was done for Krsna, even Lord Caitanya says, ramya kecid upasana vraja-vadhu-vargena ya kalpita(?): "What can be the best type of worship than what was comprehended by the gopis?" So in the ordinary way, if a young man, young woman, goes to another person for dancing or some other purpose, that is most sinful. But this is to be understood.
Another example can be given. Just like Prahlada Maharaja. Prahlada Maharaja was so much harassed by his father, Hiranyakasipu, and Lord Nrsimhadeva appeared. And in the presence of Prahlada Maharaja, the father was killed. What is that prayer?
tava kara-kamala-vare nakham adbhuta-srngam
kesava dhrta-narahari-rupa jaya jagadisa hare
So now, from materialistic point of view, you will see that Prahlada Maharaja, what kind of devotee he is? In his presence his father is being killed and he did not protest. So from the ordinary point of view, it is sinful. If your father is attacked by somebody, it is your duty. But Prahlada Maharaja didn't... Because Prahlada Maharaja knew... That is another chapter. In the later stage he made his father liberated. But from the superficial point of view, that he was present while his father was being killed... There are so many things, similar, other examples. Bali Maharaja gave up his spiritual master for Krsna's sake.
So here also the same example can be cited, that Krsna says personally, ma sucah sampadam daivim abhijato 'si bharata. My dear Arjuna, don't be worried that you are in the demonic situation. Your situation is daivika, godly. Why it is godly? Because although Arjuna was fighting, it was violent, because the fight was on account of Krsna, therefore it is good. Otherwise how you can support? He was engaged in killing business and it is called daivi sampat. Then He explains,
dvau bhuta-sargau loke 'smin
daiva asura eva ca
daivo vistarasah prokta
asuram partha me srnu
that "I have very vividly described what are the godly characteristics. Now I shall explain to you what are the demonic characteristics." Pravrttim ca nivrttim ca jana na vidur asurah [Bg. 16.7]. Who is a demon? A demon's first qualification is he does not know what is, I mean to say, real duty, or what one should do and what one should not do. [break] ...pravrtti. Pravrtti and nivrtti. There are two kinds of activities, pravrtti. So if one does not know what kind of activities one can accept and what kind of activities one should reject, if he does not know, then he is a asura, demon. (end)
Link to this page: https://prabhupadabooks.com/classes/bg/16/2-7/bombay/april/08/1971
Previous: Bhagavad-gita 16.1-3 -- Hawaii, January 29, 1975 Next: Bhagavad-gita 16.4 -- Hawaii, January 30, 1975