TEXT 139
purusa, yosit, kiba sthavara-jangama
sarva-cittakarsaka, saksat manmatha-madana
SYNONYMS
purusa—a male; yosit—a female; kiba—all; sthavara-jangama—living entities who cannot move and living entities who can move; sarva—of everyone; citta-akarsaka—the attractor of the minds; saksat—directly; manmatha-madana—captivator of Cupid himself.
TRANSLATION
"The very name Krsna means that He attracts even Cupid. He is therefore attractive to everyone-male and female, moving and inert living entities. Indeed, Krsna is known as the all-attractive one.
PURPORT
Just as there are many orbs in the material world called stars or planets, in the spiritual world there are many spiritual planets called Vaikunthalokas. The spiritual universe, however, is situated far, far away from the cluster of material universes. Material scientists cannot even estimate the number of planets and stars within this universe. They are also incapable of traveling to other stars by spaceship. According to the Bhagavad-gita (8.20), there is also a spiritual world:
paras tasmat tu bhavo 'nyo
'vyakto 'vyaktat sanatanah
yah sa sarvesu bhutesu
nasyatsu na vinasyati
"Yet there is another unmanifested nature, which is eternal and is transcendental to this manifested and unmanifested matter. It is supreme and is never annihilated. When all in this world is annihilated, that part remains as it is." (Bg. 8.20)
Thus there is another nature, which is superior to material nature. The word bhava or svabhava refers to nature. The spiritual nature is eternal, and even when all the material universes are destroyed, the planets in the spiritual world abide. They remain exactly as the spirit soul remains even after the annihilation of the material body. That spiritual world is called aprakrta, or the antimaterial world. In this transcendental spiritual world or universe, the highest planetary system is known as Goloka Vrndavana. That is the abode of Lord Krsna Himself, who is also all-spiritual. Krsna is known there as Aprakrta-madana. The name Madana refers to Cupid, but Krsna is the spiritual Madana. His body is not material like the body of Cupid in this material universe. Krsna's body is all-spiritual-sac-cid-ananda-vigraha. Therefore He is called Aprakrta-madana. He is also known as Manmatha-madana, which means that He is attractive even to Cupid. Sometimes Krsna's activities and attractive features are misinterpreted by gross materialists who accuse Him of being immoral because He danced with the gopis, but such an accusation results from not knowing that Krsna is beyond this material world. His body is sac-cid-ananda-vigraha, completely spiritual. There is no material contamination in His body, and one should not consider His body a lump of flesh and bones. The Mayavadi philosophers conceive of Krsna's body as material, and this is an abominable, gross, materialistic conception. just as Krsna is completely spiritual, the gopis are also spiritual, and this is confirmed in the Brahma-samhita (5.37):
ananda-cin-maya-rasa-pratibhavitabhis
tabhir ya eva nija-rupataya kalabhih
goloka eva nivasaty akhilatma-bhuto
govindam adi-purusam tam aham bhajami
"I worship Govinda, the primeval Lord. He resides in His own realm, Goloka, with Radha, who resembles His own spiritual figure and who embodies the ecstatic potency (hladini). Their companions are Her confidantes, who embody extensions of Her bodily form and who are imbued and permeated with ever-blissful spiritual rasa."
The gopis are also of the same spiritual quality (nija-rupataya) because they are expansions of Krsna's pleasure potency. Neither Krsna nor the gopis have anything to do with lumps of matter or the material conception. In the material world the living entity is encaged within a material body, and due to ignorance he thinks that he is the body. . Therefore here the enjoyment of lusty desires between male and female is all material. One cannot compare the lusty desires of a materialistic man to the transcendental lusty desires of Krsna. Unless one is advanced in spiritual science, he cannot understand the lusty desires between Krsna and the gopis. In the Caitanya-caritamrta the lusty desire of the gopis is compared to gold. The lusty desires of a materialistic man, on the other hand, are compared to iron. At no stage can iron and gold be compared. The living entities-moving and nonmoving-are part and parcel of Krsna; therefore they originally have the same kind of lusty desire as His. But when this lusty desire is expressed through matter, it is abominable. When a living entity is spiritually advanced and liberated from material bondage, he can understand Krsna in truth. As stated in the Bhagavad-gita (4.9):
janma karma ca me divyam
evam yo vetti tattvatah
tyaktva deham punar janma
naiti mam eti so 'rjuna
"One who knows the transcendental nature of My appearance and activities does not, upon leaving the body, take his birth again in this material world but attains My eternal abode, O Arjuna."
When one can understand the body of Krsna as well as the Lord's lusty desires, one is immediately liberated. A conditioned soul encaged within the material body cannot understand Krsna. As stated in the Bhagavad-gita (7.3):
manusyanam sahasresu
kascid yatati siddhaye
yatatam api siddhanam
kascin mam vetti tattvatah
"Out of many thousands among men, one may endeavor for perfection, and of those who have achieved perfection, hardly one knows Me in truth."
The word siddhaye indicates liberation. Only after being liberated from material conditioning can one understand Krsna. When one can understand Krsna as He is (tattvatah), one actually lives in the spiritual world, although apparently living within the material body. This technical science can be understood when one is actually spiritually advanced.
In his Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (1.2.187), Srila Rupa Gosvami says:
iha yasya harer dasye karmana manasa gira
nikhilasv apy avasthasu jivan-muktah sa ucyate
When a person in this material world desires only to serve Krsna with love and devotion, he is liberated, even though functioning within this material world. As the Bhagavad-gita (14.26) confirms:
mam ca yo 'vyabhicarena
bhakti-yogena sevate
sa gunan samatityaitan
brahma-bhuyaya kalpate
"One who engages in full devotional service, unfailing in all circumstances, at once transcends the modes of material nature and thus comes to the level of Brahman."
Simply by engaging in the loving service of the Lord one can attain liberation. As stated in the Bhagavad-gita (18.54): brahma-bhutah prasannatma na socati na kanksati. A person who is highly advanced in spiritual knowledge and who has attained the brahma-bhuta stage neither laments nor hankers for anything material. That is the stage of spiritual realization.
Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura considered the brahma-bhuta stage in two divisions-svarupa-gata and vastu-gata. One who has understood Krsna in truth but is still maintaining some material connection is known to be situated in his svarupa, his original consciousness. When that original consciousness is completely spiritual, it is called Krsna consciousness. One who lives in such consciousness is actually living in Vrndavana. He may live anywhere; material location doesn't matter. When by the grace of Krsna one thus advances, he becomes completely uncontaminated by the material body and mind and at that time factually lives in Vrndavana. That stage is called vastu-gata.
One should execute his spiritual activities in the svarupa-gata stage of consciousness. He should also chant the cin-mayi Gayatri, the spiritual mantras: om namo bhagavate vasudevaya, klim krsnaya govindaya gopijana-vallabhaya svaha, and klim kama-devaya vidmahe puspa-banaya dhimahi tan no 'nangah pracodayat. These are the Kama-gayatri or kama-bija mantras. One should be initiated by a bona fide spiritual master and worship Krsna with these transcendental mantras, known as Kama-gayatri or kama-bija.
As explained by Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami in the previous verse and the current verse:
vrndavane 'aprakrta navina madana'
kama-gayatri kama-bije yanra upasana
purusa, yosit, kiba sthavara-jangama
sarva-cittakarsaka, saksat manmatha-madana
(Cc. Madhya 8.138-139)
A person who is properly purified and initiated by the spiritual master worships the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna, by chanting this mantra, the Kama-gayatri with the kama-bija. As the Bhagavad-gita (18.65) confirms, one should engage in transcendental worship in order to be fit for being attracted by Krsna, the all-attractive.
man-mana bhava mad-bhakto
mad-yaji mam namaskuru
mam evaisyasi satyam te
pratijane priyo 'si me
"Always think of Me and become My devotee. Worship Me and offer your homage unto Me. Thus you will come to Me without fail. I promise you this because you are My very dear friend."
Since every living entity is part and parcel of Krsna, Krsna is naturally attractive. Due to material covering, one's attraction for Krsna is checked. One is not usually attracted by Krsna in the material world, but as soon as one is liberated from material conditioning, he is naturally attracted. Therefore it is said in this verse, sarva-cittakarsaka: "Everyone is naturally attracted by Krsna." This attraction is within everyone's heart, and when the heart is cleansed, that attraction is manifest (ceto-darpana-marjanam bhava-maha-davagni-nirvapanam).

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