TEXT 151
ataeva śruti kahe, brahma--saviśeṣa
'mukhya' chāḍi' 'lakṣaṇā'te māne nirviśeṣa
SYNONYMS
ataeva—therefore; śruti—Vedic mantras; kahe—say; brahma—the Absolute Truth; sa-viśeṣa—personal; mukhya—direct meaning; chāḍi'-giving up; lakṣaṇā'te—by interpretation; māne—accept; nirviśeṣa—impersonal.
TRANSLATION
"All these mantras confirm that the Absolute Truth is personal, but the Māyāvādīs, throwing away the direct meaning, interpret the Absolute Truth as impersonal.
PURPORT
As mentioned above, the Śvetāśvatara Upaniṣad (3.19) states:
apāṇi-pādo javano grahītā
paśyaty acakṣuḥ sa śṛṇoty akarṇaḥ
sa vetti vedyaṁ na ca tasyāsti vettā
tam āhur agryaṁ puruṣaṁ mahāntam
This Vedic mantra clearly states, puruṣaṁ mahāntam. The word puruṣa means "person." That person is confirmed in the Bhagavad-gītā by Arjuna when he addresses Kṛṣṇa, puruṣaṁ śāśvatam: "You are the original person." (Bg. 10.12) This puruṣaṁ mahāntam is Śrī Kṛṣṇa. His hands and legs are not mundane, but are completely transcendental. However, when He comes, fools take Him to be an ordinary person (avajānanti māṁ mūḍhā mānuṣīṁ tanum āśritam). One who has no Vedic knowledge, who has not studied the Vedas from a bona fide spiritual master, does not know Kṛṣṇa. Therefore he is a mūḍha. Such fools take Kṛṣṇa to be an ordinary person (paraṁ bhāvam ajānantaḥ). They do not actually know what Kṛṣṇa is. Manuṣyāṇāṁ sahasreṣu kaścid yatati siddhaye. It is not possible to understand Kṛṣṇa simply by studying the Vedas perfectly. One must have the mercy of a devotee (yat-pādam). Unless one is favored by a devotee, he cannot understand the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Arjuna confirms this in the Bhagavad-gītā (10.14): "My Lord, it is very difficult to understand Your personality." The less intelligent class of men cannot understand the Supreme Personality of Godhead without being favored by His devotee. Therefore the Bhagavad-gītā (4.34) contains another injunction:
tad viddhi praṇipātena
paripraśnena sevayā
upadekṣyanti te jñānaṁ
jñāninas tattva-darśinaḥ
One has to approach a bona fide spiritual master and surrender to him. Only then can one understand the Supreme Personality of Godhead as a person.

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