The Nectar of Devotion

Bombay, January 8, 1973
Pradyumna: ...and of Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami Prabhupada, by whose inspiration I have been engaged in the matter of compiling this summary study of Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu. This is the sublime science of devotional service as propounded by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, who appeared five hundred years ago in West Bengal, India to propagate the movement of Krsna consciousness. Srila Rupa Gosvami begins his great book by offering his respectful obeisances unto Sri Sanatana Gosvami who is his elder brother and spiritual master, and he prays that Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu may be very pleasing to him. He further prays that by residing in that ocean of nectar, he may always feel transcendental pleasure in the service of Radha and Krsna.
Prabhupada: So, Sri Rupa Gosvami is first offering his respect, obeisances to Sanatana Gosvami who is his elder brother, at the same time, guru. So we offer our respect in that way, vande rupa-sanatanau raghu-yugau sri-jiva-gopalakau. That is the way. We cannot jump over the highest authority directly. That is not possible. That is not the etiquette or rules, regulations we have to go. Caitanya Mahaprabhu says, gopi-bhartuh pada-kamalayor dasa-dasanudasah [Cc. Madhya 13.80]. So He presents Himself as the servant of the servant of the servant of the servant of Krsna. So in order to become Krsna's servant, we have to become the servant of the servant of Krsna. So, my Guru Maharaja is servant of Krsna, his guru, his guru is servant of Krsna, his guru is servant of Krsna. I am also servant of Krsna, but I have to approach through the other servants, not directly. That is not possible. Krsna will not accept that service.
If one disrespect the parampara system, then he'll not be accepted by Krsna. Just like... Sridhara Swami, Sridhara Swami wrote commentary on Bhagavad-gita..., Srimad-Bhagavatam, and other acaryas also, they wrote. So we must follow the principle. The Subodhini-tika was made by Vallabhacarya, but because he presented himself more than Sridhara Swami to Caitanya Mahaprabhu... He requested Caitanya Mahaprabhu to read his comment on Srimad-Bhagavatam when He was at Puri. But he was little proud of his nice commentary, that he said "It is better than Sridhara Swami." So that was not tolerated by Caitanya Mahaprabhu, and He did not hear that Subodhini-tika. He remarked, svami jiva nahi mane (indistinct). So this is not the way. We cannot approach Krsna directly. We must go through the parampara system, vande rupa-sanatanau raghu-yugau sri-jiva gopalakau.
So Narottama das Thakura also says that
In order to understand the transcendental loving affairs of Radha and Krsna, one has to go through the teachings of the Gosvamis, rupa raghunatha-pade hoibe akuti. This is the way. So Rupa Gosvami and Sanatana Gosvami and all the six Gosvamis, they developed this Krsna consciousness movement by sitting together in Vrndavana. And not only in Vrndavana, in that very particular place, Radha-Damodara temple, where we have got a little space. That you have seen, Rupa Gosvami's tomb, that space. All the six Gosvamis, they used to sit down and discuss Srimad-Bhagavatam. Gopala Bhatta Gosvami was reading, and all the other Gosvamis, Rupa, Sanatana, they were hearing, and Jiva Gosvami was writing comment. That is the comment of Krsna-sandarbha. So that place in Vrndavana, Radha Damodara Temple, is very sacred place. So they were practicing this Krsna consciousness,
krsnot-kirtana-gana-nartana-parau premamrtambho-nidhi
dhiradhira-jana-priyau priya-karau nirmatsarau pujitau
sri-caitanya-krpa-bharau bhuvi bhuvo bharavahantarakau
vande rupa-sanatanau raghu-yugau sri-jiva-gopalakau
They were practicing to teach us, apani acari' prabhu jivere sikhaya. Simply teaching will not do unless we practice. That is very important thing, practice, practical life. Simply quoting verses, like parrot, will not be very much beneficial. One must apply, jnanam vijnana-sahitam. Jnana means to know the thing, and vijnana means to apply the things in practical life. Jnanam vijnana-sahitam. So we must know the vijnana, how practically. That is taught by the Gosvamis, krsnot-kirtana-gana-nartana, always chanting the glories of Krsna. Kirtana, gana, nartana, nartana means dancing. Dancing is very good. The more you dance, the more you become light; means the burden of material contamination becomes reduced. Dancing is so nice. Even if you don't feel ecstasy, if you dance by force, that will also help us. Krsnot-kirtana-gana-nartanau-parau premamrtambho-nidhi. By dancing dancing, we shall develop our dormant Krsna consciousness, love for Krsna. This is a nice process. Krsnot-kirtana-gana-nartana-parau premamrtambho-nidhi. Then you will merge into the ocean of love for Krsna. So this is the highest stage of ecstasy for Krsna consciousness, always chanting Krsna's name, dancing in ecstasy, and to be merged in the ocean of love for Krsna. These are the perfection.
Dhiradhira jana-priyau, in this way we shall become friendly to every people, dhiradhira. There are two classes of men. Dhira, sober, and other class, rogue. So both of them will be pleased by krsnot-kirtana. You have practical experience. When there is krsna-kirtana, people, all classes of people, become very much pleased, and they join. As soon as your kirtana will be pure sankirtana, not artificial, not professional... There are many professional dancer. That will not attract. But, even if you do not know the art of dancing, if you simply dance in ecstasy for Krsna's love, that will be appreciated by everyone. That will be appreciated by everyone. Krsnot-kirtana-gana-nartana-parau. These are the art. One does not require to become a Vedantist. Simply if one chants Krsna's name, holy name, and in ecstasy dances, he's more than a Vedantist. Actually vedanti means one who knows the ultimate knowledge, veda. Veda means knowledge. And anta means ultimate, vedanta. Then what is that ultimate knowledge? Krsna. Vedais ca sarvair aham eva vedyam [Bg. 15.15]. That is ultimate knowledge. So one who has understood Krsna and Krsna's love, he's dancing, then what more vedanta can do? That is the first class realization of vedanta. Krsnot-kirtana-gana-nartana-parau. So we should always offer our respect to the Gosvamis, ei chay gosai yara tara mui dasa, Narottama dasa Thakura says. Tan-sabara pada-renu mora panca-gras. We should be so humble, respectful to the Gosvamis. Not only these Gosvamis, anyone who is serving the Gosvamis. The Gosvamis has also the mission.
[When will Srila Rupa Gosvami Prabhupada, who has established within this material world the mission to fulfill the desire of Lord Caitanya, give me shelter under his lotus feet?]
That is our prayer. Sri-caitanya-mano-'bhistam, Lord Caitanya's desire. What was His desire? His desire was,
That is His desire. Not to sit down in a secluded place, and to get cheap popularity as a petty meditator. Even if he's meditator, but that is for himself, but Caitanya Mahaprabhu says that, "Go, everyone, in every village, in every town, and preach this gospel,
This is Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's mano-'bhistam, that is His desire. So sri-caitanya mano-'bhistam sthapitam yena bhu-tale. Rupa Gosvami, they established sri-caitanya-mano-'bhistam. Rupa Gosvami was instructed by Caitanya Mahaprabhu personally, ten days in Allahabad. Similarly, it was instructed regularly for two months to Sanatana Gosvami in Benares, because He wanted Sanatana Gosvami and Rupa Gosvami to preach His mission, mano-'bhistam. Therefore our prayer is, we offer this prayer,
[When will Srila Rupa Gosvami Prabhupada, who has established within this material world the mission to fulfill the desire of Lord Caitanya, give me shelter under his lotus feet?]
If you want to preach the gospel of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, then the personalities who established, by writing these books, Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu, Hari-bhakti-vilasa, Vidagdha-madhava, so many books they have written. So we must go through them, must try to understand. Then we can understand what is the Caitanya-caritamrta, Caitanya-bhagavata, Caitanya-mangala, there are so many. Caitanya-candradoya by Prabodhananda Sarasvati. So many devotees, they have given us so many high literatures, we should consult. Therefore the prayer is, sri-caitanya-mano-'bhistam sthapitam yena bhu-tale.
[When will Srila Rupa Gosvami Prabhupada, who has established within this material world the mission to fulfill the desire of Lord Caitanya, give me shelter under his lotus feet?]
Persons who established the desire of Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Padantikam, when they will give shelter on their lotus feet. That means Gosvamis.
tandera carana-sevi-bhakta-sane vasa
janame janame ei mor abhilasa
Narottama dasa Thakura says, tadera carana-sevi, let us serve the lotus feet of the Gosvamis, and live within the association of devotees. Otherwise we may fall down. Bhakta-sane-vasa, one must live with the devotees.
satam prasangan mama virya-samvido
bhavanti hrt-karna-rasayanah kathah
taj-josanad asv apavarga-vartmani
sraddha ratir bhaktir anukramisyati
[SB 3.25.25]
Satam prasangan. We should have discourses of Bhagavad-gita or Srimad-Bhagavatam or any literature about the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Mama virya-samvido those words are virya-samvido. Virya means potency. Just like, if a man is potent, as soon as there is sex, he gives birth, potency. Similarly, we should associate with devotees who have got potency, mama virya-samvido, bhavanti hrt-karna-rasayanah kathah. Otherwise we may go on hearing for three millions of years, we are in the same position. But the words must be from the potent person. Potent person. Then it will act very quickly. Therefore Krsna Himself advises, satam prasangan mama virya-samvido [SB 3.25.25]. Satam, devotees. That same thing Narottama dasa Thakura says. Tadera carana, the desire should be, how to serve the Gosvamis, how to serve Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, how to serve Krsna. That should be the desire, that this desire can be fulfilled when we are living with the devotees. Therefore we have got this society, Krsna consciousness society. Anyone who will live in this society, naturally he will develop Krsna consciousness, very quickly, very easily. Satam prasangan mama virya-samvido bhavanti hrt-karna-rasayanah kathah [SB 3.25.25]. Krsna-kathah is very potential. Therefore Sanatana Gosvami advises,
Avaisnava-mukhod, this professional, who is not actually Vaisnava. Vaisnava means whose life is dedicated for service of the Lord Visnu. He is Vaisnava, visnu asya devata iti vaisnavah. So one who has taken Krsna, Krsna and Visnu and Rama—the same thing, there is no difference. Krsna includes everything,
ramadi-murtisu kala-niyamena tisthan
nanavataram akarod bhuvanesu kintu
krsnah svayam samabhavat paramah puman yo...
[Bs. 5.39]
Krsna is the paramah puman, although there is no difference between Rama and Visnu and Narayana and Krsna. They are the same, same potency. Just like the candle, first candle. And lit up another candle, it is second candle, but the second candle is not less in power of lighting, the same. But still this is first, this is second. Similarly, krsnah svayam samabhavat paramah puman yo [Bs. 5.39]. Krsna is the original, krsnas tu bhagavan svayam. Ete camsa kalah pumsah krsnas tu bhagavan svayam [SB 1.3.28]. All others, they're incarnation or kalah, but Krsna is the avatari, the source of all incarnations. So, bhakta-sane vasa, satam prasangan mama virya-samvido [SB 3.25.25]. The krsna-kathah, or the discussion about the Supreme Personality of Godhead becomes very pleasing, satam, when they're discussed among the devotees. nondevotee, he may go on speaking, but it is dry. It does not give any relish. Therefore it is advised, satam prasangan, one should discuss Krsna consciousness amongst the devotees. So just contrary to this, Sanatana Gosvami says that,
Avaisnava, who is not a Vaisnava, Mayavadi... Mayavadi philosophy is very dangerous. Caitanya Mahaprabhu has personally said, mayavadi haya krsne aparadhi. They're offenders to Krsna. Just like the literatures, what is that literature, Krsna is black something?
Devotee: Visnu-sahasra-nama.
Prabhupada: Huh?
Devotee: Some commentary by this Visnu-sahasra-nama.
Prabhupada: Krsna is unknown, a black thing. A Mayavadi, great philosopher of this city, he has explained like that. The Mayavadi philosopher, Dr. Radhakrishnan, "It is not to Krsna." So the Mayavadis' only business is—because they're avaisnava not Vaisnava—only business is to kill Krsna. Sanatana Gosvami has, in his Hari-bhakti-vilasa, has very strongly recommended that, "Don't hear anything from, about Krsna, from the Mayavadis or the avaisnavas." Those who are follower, those who are advanced in Krsna consciousness, they can protest. They can immediately chastise the rascal, "What you are nonsense speaking?" But a kanistha-adhikari, he cannot challenge, therefore it is forbidden for them. Not to hear, kanistha-adhikari. For an advanced devotee, this Mayavadi cannot do anything, but those who are neophyte, they become sometimes victim. Therefore, it is better to forbid them, not to hear. So Sanatana Gosvami has said, as Krsna has said, satam prasangan mama virya-samvido bhavanti hrt-karna-rasayanah kathah [SB 3.25.25]. In the association of pure devotees, krsna-kathah becomes very relishable. Hrt-karna-rasayanah. It is relishable, it is very pleasing to the ear, and to the heart. Hrt means heart, and karna means this aural reception. Both ways pleasing, bhavanti hrt-karna. Taj-josanad, if one little tries whatever he has heard, then sraddha ratir bhaktir anukramisyati. Sraddha, the real beginning is sraddha.
adau sraddha tatah sadhu-
sanga tato bhajana-kriya
tato anartha-nivrttih syat
tato nistha tato ruci
athasaktis tato bhavas
(tatah premabhyudancati)
sadhakanam ayam premnah
pradurbhave bhavet kramah
[Cc. Madhya 23.14-15]
These are the different states. So sraddha. So, by hearing from pure devotees satam prasangan mama virya-samvido bhavanti hrt-karna-rasayanah kathah [SB 3.25.25]. It will begins very pleasing to the heart, to the ear, taj-josanad asu apavarga-vartmani. Sraddha, beginning is sraddha, sraddha ratir bhaktir anukramisyati. Therefore this Krsna consciousness movement, the association is opening different branches to give people the chance of hearing about Krsna in the association of pure devotees. That is required. Read, hear about Bhagavad-gita from the pure devotees, not from the rascals. Then you'll never get any benefit. Sanatana Gosvami forbids... nasam, sravanam na kartavyam, never hear from these rascals. "Why? Krsna-kathah is very good. Never mind he's a rascal, what is the fault of krsna-kathah?" He's giving this example: sravanam na kartavyam sarpocchistam payah yatha, milk is very good, everyone knows, but when it is touched by the lip of a serpent, immediately it becomes poison. If you take that milk, then you'll die. So krsna-kathah is very good, but when it is touched by the lip of the Mayavadi, nondevotee, it becomes poisonous. It becomes poisonous. Poisonous in this sense. It will push you far away from krsna-bhakti. That is the loss, greatest loss of life.
This life is meant for developing Krsna consciousness, to become devotee of Krsna. Bhagavad-gita is left by Krsna to make all people after Him, to become devotees. Man-mana bhava mad-bhakto mad-yaji mam namaskuru [Bg. 18.65]. The instruction is there, but these rascals will spoil. They will never allow you to become a devotee. These rascals are so dangerous. They are going against the will of Krsna. So one must be very careful to save himself from the poisonous effect of these rascals. Therefore Narottama dasa Thakura says, tandera carana-sevi-bhakta-sane vasa, live with the Krsna consciousness devotees. And then by the association of the sangat sanjayate kamah. As you make association, so you develop your desires, your qualities. Tadera carana-sevi. Ei chay gosai yara tara mui dasa, Caitanya here, Narottama dasa Thakura says, "I want to become servant of that person who has accepted these six Gosvamis as masters. Because I have to become servant of servant." So the Gosvamis, "One who has accepted these Gosvamis as master, I want to become his servant." Narottama dasa does not say "I want to become servant of the Gosvamis." He says that "I want to become servant of that person who has accepted these six Gosvamis as master." That is the test. No, "I can speak, I can act, I mean to say, greater than the Gosvamis." "I don't want to become servant of such false proudly." No, anyone who submits,
tadera carana-sevi-bhakta-sane vasa
janame janame hoy ei abhilasa
I may not be liberated birth after birth, it doesn't matter. But I wish that, I wish to live with the devotees, bhakta-sane vasa. Janame janame hoy ei abhilasa. Bhaktivinoda Thakura also says the same thing. Janmaobi yadi mane iccha tohara. He prays to Krsna, "If you want that I shall take again my birth, then give me the chance of taking my birth in a place where is Your devotee. That is my only request. Because if I am placed in a society where there is no devotee, then my life will be spoiled. Then my life will be spoiled. Therefore I pray only this much. I don't want anything from you."
na dhanam na janam na sundarim
kavitam va jagad-isa kamaye
mama janmani janmanisvare...
[Cc. Antya 20.29, Siksastaka 4]
It doesn't matter I don't become liberated, what is liberation? If I am in the service of Krsna, what is, liberation is already there. In Krsna-karnamrta you'll find,
bhaktis tvayi sthiratara yadi bhagavan syad
daivena (nah) phalati divya-kisora-murtih
muktih (svayam) mukulitanjalih sevate 'sman...
Mukti, she'll stand with folded hands, "My dear sir, what can I do for you?" This is the position of bhakta. One, if one becomes bhakta, then mukti becomes her maidservant. Why shall I ask for mukti? Mukti is nothing. Kaivalyam narakayate. What is the mukti? It is as good as hell. Mukti means to merge into the Brahman effulgence, but there is no service of Krsna. It is simply merging, to become one. Just like sunshine, and if you are put into the sunshine, what benefit do you get? Simply to have scorching heat on, that's all. What benefit would you get? And mukti is like that. That is light. Sunshine is light. Similarly from darkness, if I go to the light and don't get any shelter, anywhere, simply I remain in that sunshine, what benefit do I get?
So, for a devotee, the mukti is bothersome. Therefore Prabodhananda Sarasvati Prabhupada says that kaivalyam narakayate. Mukti means kaivalya. Simply aham brahmasmi, that's all. Kaivalya. This perception, Brahman perception, brahmananda. But for a devotee, he says kaivalyam narakayate tri-dasa-pur akasa-puspayate (Caitanya-candramrta 5). So for devotee, these things are not very much alluring, mukti, bhukti, siddhi. It is so sublime, Krsna consciousness is so sublime, that other things very insignificant in the front of Krsna consciousness. Muktih mukulitanjali sevate 'sman dharmartha-kama-moksa samaya-pratiksah. People are after dharma-artha-kama-moksa [SB 4.8.41, Cc. Adi 1.90], but this bhakti is above these four kinds of principles. Dharma. Actually, human life begins when he is religious, dharma. And artha, when he is economically developed, and when he can satisfy the senses very nicely. And then becomes mukta, liberated. But for a devotee, these four things are not very important. Bhukti, mukti, siddhi. Now siddhi means mukti. Siddhi means yogic siddhi.
So in the Srimad-Bhagavatam also, Vyasadeva says, in the beginning, dharmah projjhita kaitavo 'tra [SB 1.1.2]. This dharma-artha-kama-moksa, these are kaitava. Kaitava means phala visandi (?). I am approaching, I am trying to become a religious person, but my inner desire is how to make my economic position developed. This is my inner position, therefore it is called kaitava, cheating. So phala visandi. As Sridhara Swami says, that in the Srimad-Bhagavatam, phala visandi paryantam nirasta. Phala is mukti. Mukti is also phala visandi. So up to mukti, then above mukti, there is bhakti. It is a mistaken idea that one has to attain mukti by bhakti. Sometimes they say that, these pancopasana Mayavadi, they say that "Ultimately, the absolute truth is nirakara. There is no form. But because you cannot worship or meditate upon the nirakara, so just imagine some form. Either of Visnu, or Lord Siva or Surya or Devi." Pancopasana, it is called pancopasana. Sadhakanam hitarthaya brahmano rupa-kalpanah. This is kalpana, he imagines. "Ultimately the Brahman has no form, but because you are accustomed to meditate on the forms, and it is very difficult for you to meditate upon the formless, so you imagine some form. This is imagine, not fact." That is their theory. And Bhagavan says in the Bhagavad-gita, kleso 'dhikataras tesam avyaktasakta-cetasam [Bg. 12.5]. So that is simply troublesome. After much trouble in that way, when they come to the form of Vasudeva, vasudevah sarvam iti sa mahatma su-durlabhah [Bg. 7.19]. That mahatma is greater. Krsna is not imagination. This is another offense to think of Krsna as imagination. Just see, that it is imagination, kalpana, "Just make it kalpana, imagination of Krsna." No, Krsna is fact. Krsna, the Krsna devotees, they are not after imagination. They are after the fact. Brahmeti paramatmeti bhagavan iti sabdyate [SB 1.2.11]. Bhagavan, the personal. Krsna says, brahmano 'ham pratistha, avajananti mam mudha manusim tanum as..., param bhavam ajanantah [Bg. 9.11]. So these thing will be realized by, through the process as it is recommended by Narottama dasa Thakura.
tadera carana-sevi-bhakta-sane vasa
janame janame mora ei abhilasa
If we take the chance of living with the devotees, and try to serve the Gosvamis, who wanted to establish the mission of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, then our life will be successful. This is Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu. Study Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu very minutely, and this result you will achieve very easily. Srila Rupa Gosvami has left The Nectar of Devotion. Read the next.
Pradyumna: "Let us offer our respectful obeisances to all the great devotees and acaryas, or holy teachers, who are compared with sharks in the great ocean of nectar, and who do not care for the various rivers of liberation."
Prabhupada: Yes. Sometimes the Mayavadi philosophers, they give this example that "As all the rivers come down to the ocean, and then business is finished." But our philosophy is not so scanty. We do not wish to mix with the ocean, we want to go deep into the ocean. They give this example, nirakara. Because ocean is, it is not nirakara but it is, still they say nirakara. Ocean is akara, we see around place (indistinct). But anyway, their philosophy is that you come to the ocean by different paths, then it becomes mixed. But they do not know, even though you come to the ocean, immediately you'll be evaporated. The ocean water is evaporated. The sun is always evaporating. Now you will be perhaps surprised, the modern science, they believe that the ocean water is, turns into cloud, but actually that is not the fact. The fact is that the ocean water is taken by the sun. Now, now there is heat, ocean water is evaporated always, where is the cloud? Where is the cloud? For three years the ocean water is being taken away by the sunshine, but why there is no cloud and no rain? Why? What is the answer of the scientist? Actually the cloud, when the sun, sun god that he ejects the water again, that becomes cloud. The rain comes from the sun, and the sun is taking the water, reserving, and when you deserve, it gives it. There is some control.
So, we are suffering for want of rain, but you do not know how to get rain. We are, of course, making arrangements to feed the poor on account of scarcity of rain. That's all right, you are doing, but if there is no rain, how long you will go on with this philanthropy work? That is our question. How long? What stock you have got in your store, so that you can continually, you can go on? What you, what is the answer? You must have rain, and produce grain. Now you have got some stock of grain, you are distributing. That's all right, you have got money, that's all right. But when there will be all stock finished, and still there is no rain, what you will do? Because rain is not in your hand. Rain is not in your hand. It is in higher authorities. So what you will do? But the process is given there in the Bhagavad-gita, yajnad bhavati parjanyo parjanyad anna-sambhavah. Yajna, but they will not take the yajna. They have made a vow, (indistinct). No, we are not going to make any yajna. We are requesting, that you are distributing, at the same time perform yajna. Yajna, not that you have to expend so much money. Simply this sankirtana-yajna. Yajnaih sankirtana-prayair yajanti hi su-medhasah [SB 11.5.32]. Simply chanting. You are distributing food, that's all right. Why not allow them to chant Hare Krsna mantra? What is the loss? But they'll not accept it. They'll not accept it. This is the dog's obstinacy, against Krsna consciousness. But they cannot answer. Just suppose, if your stock of grain is finished, then what you will do, if there's no rain. You cannot produce rain in your factory, rain or grain or anything, in your factory or mill. That is not possible.
So people have become so fallen, they cannot understand the instruction of Bhagavad-gita, although they are very much proud that reading Bhagavad-gita daily. What you have understood? Then they cannot say anything. We have understood Krsna means this black spot. This rascal hasn't understood Bhagavad-gita and he's preaching Bhagavad-gita. Just see the fault. So this is going on. So our, this Krsna consciousness movement is a war declared against all these rascals. We have got many enemies, but we don't care for them. Still we shall go on. Johnny Walker is still going strong. (loud laughter)
Hare Krsna. (end)

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