ādadhe tvayi cātmajam
yonir yathā na duṣyeta
kartāhaṁ te sumadhyame
amogham—without failure; deva-sandarśam—meeting with the demigods; ādadhe—I shall give (my semen); tvayi—unto you; ca—also; ātmajam—a son; yoniḥ—the source of birth; yathā—as; na—not; duṣyeta—becomes polluted; kartā—shall arrange; aham—I; te—unto you; sumadhyame—O beautiful girl.
The sun-god said: O beautiful Pṛthā, your meeting with the demigods cannot be fruitless. Therefore, let me place my seed in your womb so that you may bear a son. I shall arrange to keep your virginity intact, since you are still an unmarried girl.
According to Vedic civilization, if a girl gives birth to a child before she is married, no one will marry her. Therefore although the sun-god, after appearing before Pṛthā, wanted to give her a child, Pṛthā hesitated because she was still unmarried. To keep her virginity undisturbed, the sun-god arranged to give her a child that came from her ear, and therefore the child was known as Karṇa. The custom is that a girl should be married akṣata-yoni, that is, with her virginity undisturbed. A girl should never bear a child before her marriage.
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