tam durhrdam suhrd-rupam
kaminam ksana-sauhrdam
indriyaramam utsrjya
svaminam duhkhita yayau
tamhim (the he-goat); durhrdamcruel hearted; suhrt-rupampretending to be a friend; kaminamvery lusty; ksana-sauhrdamhaving friendship for the time being; indriya-aramaminterested only in sense gratification or sensuality; utsrjyagiving up; svaminamto her present husband, or to the former maintainer; duhkhitabeing very much aggrieved; yayaushe left.
Aggrieved by her husbands behavior with another, the she-goat thought that the he-goat was not actually her friend but was hardhearted and was her friend only for the time being. Therefore, because her husband was lusty, she left him and returned to her former maintainer.
The word svaminam is significant. Svami means caretaker or master. Devayani was cared for by Sukracarya before her marriage, and after her marriage she was cared for by Yayati, but here the word svaminam indicates that Devayani left the protection of her husband, Yayati, and returned to her former protector, Sukracarya. Vedic civilization recommends that a woman stay under the protection of a man. During childhood she should be cared for by her father, in youth by her husband, and in old age by a grown son. In any stage of life, a woman should not have independence.

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