mukhani pancopanisadas tavesa
yat tac chivakhyam paramatma-tattvam
deva svayam-jyotir avasthitis te
mukhani—faces; panca—five; upanisadah—Vedic literatures; tava—your; isa—O lord; yaih—by which; trimsat-asta-uttara-mantra-vargah—in the category of thirty-eight important Vedic mantras; yat—that; tat—as it is; siva-akhyam—celebrated by the name Siva; paramatma-tattvam—which ascertain the truth about Paramatma; deva—O lord; svayam-jyotih—self-illuminated; avasthitih—situation; te—of Your Lordship.
O lord, the five important Vedic mantras are represented by your five faces, from which the thirty-eight most celebrated Vedic mantras have been generated. Your Lordship, being celebrated as Lord Siva, is self-illuminated. You are directly situated as the supreme truth, known as Paramatma.
The five mantras mentioned in this connection are as follows: (1) Purusa, (2) Aghora, (3) Sadyojata, (4) Vamadeva, and (5) Isana. These five mantras are within the category of thirty-eight special Vedic mantras chanted by Lord Siva, who is therefore celebrated as Siva or Mahadeva. Another reason why Lord Siva is called Siva, which means ďall-auspicious,Ē is that he is self-illuminated, exactly like Lord Visnu, who is the Paramatma. Because Lord Siva is directly an incarnation of Lord Visnu, he is situated as Lord Visnuís direct representative. This fact is corroborated by a Vedic mantra: patim visvasyatmesvaram sasvatam. sivam acyutam. The Supersoul is called by many names, of which Mahesvara, Siva and Acyuta are especially mentioned.
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