preta-samstha mrtahas ca
karmany abhyudaye nrpa
samskara-kalah—at the proper time indicated for Vedic reformatory performances; jayayah—for the wife; apatyasya—for the children; atmanah—and one’s own self; tatha—as well as; preta-samstha—funeral ceremonies; mrta-ahah—annual death ceremonies; ca—and; karmani—of fruitive activity; abhyudaye—for furtherance; nrpa—O King.
O King Yudhisthira, at the time prescribed for reformatory ritualistic ceremonies for one’s self, one’s wife or one’s children, or during funeral ceremonies and annual death ceremonies, one must perform the auspicious ceremonies mentioned above in order to flourish in fruitive activities.
The Vedas recommend many ritualistic ceremonies to be performed with one’s wife, on the birthdays of one’s children, or during funeral ceremonies, and there are also personal reformatory methods like initiation. These must be observed according to time and circumstances and the directions of the sastra. Bhagavad-gita strongly recommends, jnatva sastra-vidhanoktam: everything must be performed as indicated in the sastras. For Kali-yuga, the sastras enjoin that sankirtana-yajna be performed always: kirtaniyah sada harih [Cc. adi 17.31]. All the ritualistic ceremonies recommended in the sastras must be preceded and followed by sankirtana. This is the recommendation of Srila Jiva Gosvami.
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