varta vicitra salina-
vipra-vrttis caturdheyam
sreyasi cottarottara
vartathe occupational means of livelihood for the vaisya (agriculture, cow protection, and trade); vicitravarious types; salinalivelihood achieved without effort; yayavaragoing to the field to beg for some paddy; silapicking up the grains left in the field by the proprietor; unchanampicking up the grains that have fallen from bags in shops; vipra-vrttihthe means of livelihood for the brahmanas; caturdhafour different kinds; iyamthis; sreyasibetter; caalso; uttara-uttarathe latter compared to the former.
As an alternative, a brahmana may also take to the vaisyas occupational duty of agriculture, cow protection, or trade. He may depend on that which he has received without begging, he may beg in the paddy field every day, he may collect paddy left in a field by its proprietor, or he may collect food grains left here and there in the shops of grain dealers. These are four means of livelihood that may also be adopted by brahmanas. Among these four, each of them in succession is better than the one preceding it.
A brahmana is sometimes offered land and cows in charity, and thus for his livelihood he may act in the same way as a vaisya, by cultivating land, giving protection to cows and trading off his surpluses. A better process, however, is to pick up grains from a field or from a dealers shop without begging.

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