TEXTS 33–34
patir eva hi narinam
daivatam paramam smrtam
manasah sarva-bhutanam
vasudevah sriyah patih
sa eva devata-lingair
nama-rupa-vikalpitaih
ijyate bhagavan pumbhih
stribhis ca pati-rupa-dhrk
SYNONYMS
patih—the husband; eva—indeed; hi—certainly; narinam—of women; daivatam—demigod; paramam—supreme; smrtam—is considered; manasah—situated in the heart; sarva-bhutanam—of all living entities; vasudevahVasudeva; sriyah—of the goddess of fortune; patih—the husband; sah—He; eva—certainly; devata-lingaih—by the forms of the demigods; nama—names; rupa—forms; vikalpitaih—conceived; ijyate—is worshiped; bhagavan—the Supreme Personality of Godhead; pumbhih—by men; stribhih—by women; ca—also; pati-rupa-dhrk—in the form of the husband.
TRANSLATION
A husband is the supreme demigod for a woman. The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Vasudeva, the husband of the goddess of fortune, is situated in everyone’s heart and is worshiped through the various names and forms of the demigods by fruitive workers. Similarly, a husband represents the Lord as the object of worship for a woman.
PURPORT
The Lord says in Bhagavad-gita (9.23):
ye ’py anya-devata-bhakta
yajante sraddhayanvitah
te ’pi mam eva kaunteya
yajanty avidhi-purvakam
“Whatever a man may sacrifice to other gods, O son of Kunti, is really meant for Me alone, but it is offered without true understanding.” The demigods are various assistants who act like the hands and legs of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. One who is not in direct touch with the Supreme Lord and cannot conceive of the exalted position of the Lord is sometimes advised to worship the demigods as various parts of the Lord. If women, who are usually very much attached to their husbands, worship their husbands as representatives of Vasudeva, the women benefit, just as Ajamila benefited by calling for Narayana, his son. Ajamila was concerned with his son, but because of his attachment to the name of Narayana, he attained salvation simply by chanting that name. In India a husband is still called pati-guru, the husband spiritual master. If husband and wife are attached to one another for advancement in Krsna consciousness, their relationship of cooperation is very effective for such advancement. Although the names of Indra and Agni are sometimes uttered in the Vedic mantras (indraya svaha, agnaye svaha), the Vedic sacrifices are actually performed for the satisfaction of Lord Visnu. As long as one is very much attached to material sense gratification, the worship of the demigods or the worship of one’s husband is recommended.

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