TEXT 10
gandhākṛti-sparśa-rasa-śravāṁsi
visarga-raty-arty-abhijalpa-śilpāḥ
ekādaśaṁ svīkaraṇaṁ mameti
śayyām ahaṁ dvādaśam eka āhuḥ
SYNONYMS
gandha—smell; ākṛti—form; sparśa—touch; rasa—taste; śravāṁsi—and sound; visarga—evacuating; rati—sexual intercourse; arti—movement; abhijalpa—speaking; śilpāḥ—grasping or releasing; ekādaśam—eleventh; svīkaraṇam—accepting as; mama—mine; iti—thus; śayyām—this body; aham—I; dvādaśam—twelfth; eke—some; āhuḥ—have said.
TRANSLATION
Sound, touch, form, taste and smell are the objects of the five knowledge-acquiring senses. Speech, touch, movement, evacuation and sexual intercourse are the objects of the working senses. Besides this, there is another conception by which one thinks, “This is my body, this is my society, this is my family, this is my nation,” and so forth. This eleventh function, that of the mind, is called the false ego. According to some philosophers, this is the twelfth function, and its field of activity is the body.
PURPORT
There are different objects for the eleven items. Through the nose we can smell, by the eyes we can see, by the ears we can hear, and in this way we gather knowledge. Similarly, there are the karmendriyas, the working senses—the hands, legs, genitals, rectum, mouth and so forth. When the false ego expands, it makes one think. “This is my body, family, society, country,” etc.

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