samsargiko dosa eva nunam ekasyapi sarvesam samsargikanam bhavitum arhatiti niscitya nisamya krpana-vaco raja rahugana upasita-vrddho pi nisargena balat krta isad-utthita-manyur avispasta-brahma-tejasam jata-vedasam iva rajasavrta-matir aha.
samsargikahresulting from intimate association; dosaha fault; evaindeed; nunamcertainly; ekasyaof one; apialthough; sarvesamof all other; samsargikanampersons associated with him; bhavitumto become; arhatiis able; itithus; niscityaascertaining; nisamyaby hearing; krpana-vacahthe words of the poor servants, who were very afraid of being punished; rajathe King; rahuganahRahugana; upasita-vrddhahhaving served and heard from many elderly sages; apiin spite of; nisargenaby his personal nature, which was that of a ksatriya; balatby force; krtahdone; isatslightly; utthitaawakened; manyuhwhose anger; avispastanot being distinctly visible; brahma-tejasamhis (Jada Bharatas) spiritual effulgence; jata-vedasama fire covered by ashes in Vedic ritualistic ceremonies; ivalike; rajasa avrtacovered by the mode of passion; matihwhose mind; ahasaid.
King Rahugana could understand the speeches given by the carriers, who were afraid of being punished. He could also understand that simply due to the fault of one person, the palanquin was not being carried properly. Knowing this perfectly well and hearing their appeal, he became a little angry, although he was very advanced in political science and was very experienced. His anger arose due to his inborn nature as a king. Actually King Rahuganas mind was covered by the mode of passion, and he therefore spoke as follows to Jada Bharata, whose Brahman effulgence was not clearly visible, being covered like a fire covered by ashes.
The distinction between rajo-guna and sattva-guna is explained in this verse. Although the King was very upright and advanced in political science and governmental management, he was nonetheless in the mode of passion, and therefore, due to a slight agitation, he became angry. Jada Bharata, despite all kinds of injustice endured because of his deaf and dumb display, remained silent by the strength of his spiritual advancement. Nonetheless his brahma-tejah, his Brahman effulgence, was indistinctly visible in his person.

Link to this page: https://prabhupadabooks.com/sb/5/10/5

Previous: SB 5.10.4     Next: SB 5.10.6

If you Love Me Distribute My Books -- Srila Prabhupada