TEXT 28
vikalpe vidyamane ípi
na hy asantosa-hetavah
pumso moham rte bhinna
yal loke nija-karmabhih
SYNONYMS
vikalpe—alternation; vidyamane api—although there is; na—not; hi—certainly; asantosa—dissatisfaction; hetavah—causes; pumsah—of the persons; moham rte—without being illusioned; bhinnah—separated; yat loke—within this world; nija-karmabhih—by his own work.
TRANSLATION
My dear Dhruva, if you feel that your sense of honor has been insulted, you still have no cause for dissatisfaction. This kind of dissatisfaction is another feature of the illusory energy; every living entity is controlled by his previous actions, and therefore there are different varieties of life for enjoying or suffering.
PURPORT
In the Vedas it is said that the living entity is always uncontaminated and unaffected by material association. The living entity gets different types of material bodies because of his previous fruitive actions. If, however, one understands the philosophy that as a living spirit soul he has an affinity for neither suffering nor enjoyment, then he is considered to be a liberated person. It is confirmed in Bhagavad-gita (18.54), brahma-bhutah prasannatma: when one is actually situated on the transcendental platform, he has nothing for which to lament and nothing for which to hanker. Narada Rsi first of all wanted to impress upon Dhruva Maharaja that he was only a child; he should not have been affected by words of insult or honor. And if he were so developed as to understand honor and insult, then this understanding should have been applied in his own life; he should have known that honor and dishonor are both destined only by oneís previous actions; therefore one should not be sorry or happy under any circumstances.

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