bhavatah kaccid atmana
atma manasa eva va
naradah—Narada; uvaca—said; parasarya—O son of Parasara; maha-bhaga—the greatly fortunate; bhavatah—your; kaccit—if it is; atmana—by the self-realization of; paritusyati—does it satisfy; sarirah—identifying the body; atma—self; manasah—identifying the mind; eva—certainly; va—and.
Addressing Vyasadeva, the son of Parasara, Narada inquired: Are you satisfied by identifying with the body or the mind as objects of self-realization?
This was a hint by Narada to Vyasadeva regarding the cause of his despondency. Vyasadeva, as the descendant of Parasara, a greatly powerful sage, had the privilege of having a great parentage which should not have given Vyasadeva cause for despondency. Being a great son of a great father, he should not have identified the self with the body or the mind. Ordinary men with a poor fund of knowledge can identify the body as self or the mind as self, but Vyasadeva should not have done so. One cannot be cheerful by nature unless one is factually seated in self-realization, which is transcendental to the material body and mind.
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