TEXT 97
'rasabhasa' haya yadi 'siddhanta-virodha'
sahite na pare prabhu, mane haya krodha
SYNONYMS
rasa-abhasa—overlapping of transcendental mellows; haya—there is; yadi—if; siddhanta-virodha—against the principles of the bhakti cult; sahite na pare—cannot tolerate; prabhu—Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; mane—within the mind; haya—is; krodha—anger.
TRANSLATION
If there were a hint that transcendental mellows overlapped in a manner contrary to the principles of the bhakti cult, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu would not tolerate it and would become very angry.
PURPORT
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura quotes the following definition of rasabhasa from the Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (Uttara-vibhaga, Ninth Wave, 1-3,20,22,24):
purvam evanusistena
vikala rasa-laksana
rasa eva rasabhasa
rasajnair anukirtitah
syus tridhoparasas canu-
rasas caparasas ca te
uttama madhyamah proktah
kanisthas cety ami kramat
praptaih sthayi-vibhavanu-
bhavadyais tu virupatam
santadayo rasa eva
dvadasoparasa matah
bhaktadibhir vibhavadyaih
krsna-sambandha-varjitaih
rasa hasyadayah sapta
santas canurasa matah
krsna-tat-pratipaksas ced
visayasrayatam gatah
hasadinam tada te 'tra
prajnair aparasa matah
bhavah sarve tadabhasa
rasabhasas ca kecana
ami prokta-rasabhijnaih
sarve 'pi rasanad rasah
A mellow temporarily appearing transcendental but contradicting mellows previously stated and lacking some of a mellow's necessities is called rasabhasa, an overlapping mellow, by advanced devotees who know how to taste transcendental mellows. Such mellows are called uparasa (submellows), anurasa (imitation transcendental mellows) and aparasa (opposing transcendental mellows). Thus the overlapping of transcendental mellows is described as being first grade, second grade or third grade. When the twelve mellows-such as neutrality, servitorship and friendship-are characterized by adverse sthayi-bhava, vibhava and anubhava ecstasies, they are known as uparasa, submellows. When the seven indirect transcendental mellows and the dried up mellow of neutrality are produced by devotees and moods not directly related to Krsna and devotional service in ecstatic love, they are described as anurasa, imitation mellows. If Krsna and the enemies who harbor feelings of opposition toward Him are respectively the object and abodes of the mellow of laughter, the resulting feelings are called aparasa, opposing mellows. Experts in distinguishing one mellow from another sometimes accept some overlapping transcendental mellows (rasabhasa) as rasas due to their being pleasurable and tasteful. Srila Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura says, paraspara-vairayor yadi yogas tada rasabhasah: "When two opposing transcendental mellows overlap, they produce rasabhasa, or an overlapping of transcendental mellows."

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