TEXTS 53–55
pravara-sruta-mukhyams ca
saksad dharmo vasun iva
vasudevas tu devakyam
asta putran ajijanat
kirtimantam susenam ca
bhadrasenam udara-dhih
rjum sammardanam bhadram
sankarsanam ahisvaram
astamas tu tayor asit
svayam eva harih kila
subhadra ca mahabhaga
tava rajan pitamahi
SYNONYMS
pravaraPravara (in some readings, Pauvara); sruta—Sruta; mukhyan—headed by; ca—and; saksat—directly; dharmah—religion personified; vasun iva—exactly like the chief Vasus in the heavenly planets; vasudevah—Srila Vasudeva, the father of Krsna; tu—indeed; devakyam—in the womb of Devaki; asta—eight; putran—sons; ajijanat—begot; kirtimantamKirtiman; susenam ca—and Susena; bhadrasenam—Bhadrasena; udara-dhih—all fully qualified; rjum—Rju; sammardanam—Sammardana; bhadramBhadra; sankarsanamSankarsana; ahi-isvaram—the supreme controller and serpent incarnation; astamah—the eighth one; tu—but; tayoh—of both (Devaki and Vasudeva); asit—appeared; svayam eva—directly, personally; harih—the Supreme Personality of Godhead; kila—what to speak of; subhadra—a sister, Subhadra; ca—and; mahabhaga—highly fortunate; tava—your; rajan—O Maharaja Pariksit; pitamahi—grandmother.
TRANSLATION
The eight sons born of Sahadeva such as Pravara and Sruta, were exact incarnations of the eight Vasus in the heavenly planets. Vasudeva also begot eight highly qualified sons through the womb of Devaki. These included Kirtiman, Susena, Bhadrasena, Rju, Sammardana, Bhadra and Sankarsana, the controller and serpent incarnation. The eighth son was the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself—Krsna. The highly fortunate Subhadra, the one daughter, was your grandmother.
PURPORT
The fifty-fifth verse says, svayam eva harih kila, indicating that Krsna, the eighth son of Devaki, is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Krsna is not an incarnation. Although there is no difference between the Supreme Personality of Godhead Hari and His incarnation, Krsna is the original Supreme Person, the complete Godhead. Incarnations exhibit only a certain percentage of the potencies of Godhead; the complete Godhead is Krsna Himself, who appeared as the eighth son of Devaki.

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