TEXT 21
ajamīḍho dvimīḍhaś ca
purumīḍhaś ca hastinaḥ
ajamīḍhasya vaṁśyāḥ syuḥ
priyamedhādayo dvijāḥ
SYNONYMS
ajamīḍhaḥAjamīḍha; dvimīḍhaḥ—Dvimīḍha; ca—also; purumīḍhaḥ—Purumīḍha; ca—also; hastinaḥ—became the sons of Hastī; ajamīḍhasya—of Ajamīḍha; vaṁśyāḥ—descendants; syuḥ—are; priyamedha-ādayaḥ—headed by Priyamedha; dvijāḥbrāhmaṇas.
TRANSLATION
From King Hastī came three sons, named Ajamīḍha, Dvimīḍha and Purumīḍha. The descendants of Ajamīḍha, headed by Priyamedha, all achieved the position of brāhmaṇas.
PURPORT
This verse gives evidence confirming the statement of Bhagavad-gītā that the orders of society—brāhmaṇa, kṣatriya, vaiśya and śūdra—are calculated in terms of qualities and activities (guṇa-karma-vibhāgaśaḥ). All the descendants of Ajamīḍha, who was a kṣatriya, became brāhmaṇas. This was certainly because of their qualities and activities. Similarly, sometimes the sons of brāhmaṇas or kṣatriyas become vaiśyas (brāhmaṇa-vaiśyatāṁ gatāḥ). When a kṣatriya or brāhmaṇa adopts the occupation or duty of a vaiśya (kṛṣi-go-rakṣya-vāṇijyam [Bg. 18.44]), he is certainly counted as a vaiśya. On the other hand, if one is born a vaiśya, by his activities he can become a brāhmaṇa. This is confirmed by Nārada Muni. Yasya yal-lakṣaṇaṁ proktam. The members of the varṇas, or social orders—brāhmaṇa, kṣatriya, vaiśya and śūdra—must be ascertained by their symptoms, not by birth. Birth is immaterial; quality is essential.

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