namo ’vyaktaya suksmaya
pradhana-purusaya ca
namah—I offer my respectful obeisances unto You; avyaktaya—who are never seen by material eyes; suksmaya—transcendental; pradhana-purusaya—the Supreme Person; ca—also; catuh-vimsat—twenty-four; guna-jnaya—the knower of the elements; guna-sankhyana—of the sankhya-yoga system; hetave—the original cause.
I offer my respectful obeisances unto You, the Supreme Person. Being very subtle, You are never visible to material eyes. You are the knower of the twenty-four elements, and You are the inaugurator of the sankhya-yoga system.
Catur-vimsad-guna, the twenty-four elements, are the five gross elements (earth, water, fire, air and ether), the three subtle elements (mind, intelligence and false ego), the ten senses (five for working and five for acquiring knowledge), the five sense objects, and contaminated consciousness. These are the subject matter of sankhya-yoga, which was inaugurated by Lord Kapiladeva. This sankhya-yoga was again propounded by another Kapila, but he was an atheist, and his system is not accepted as bona fide.

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