mam kesavo gadaya pratar avyad
govinda asangavam atta-venuh
narayanah prahna udatta-saktir
madhyan-dine visnur arindra-panih
mam—me; kesavah—Lord Kesava; gadaya—by His club; pratah—in the morning hours; avyat—may He protect; govindah—Lord Govinda; asangavam—during the second part of the day; atta-venuh—holding His flute; narayanah—Lord Narayana with four hands; prahnah—during the third part of the day; udatta-saktih—controlling different types of potencies; madhyam-dine—during the fourth part of the day; visnuh—Lord Visnu; arindra-panih—bearing the disc in His hand to kill the enemies.
May Lord Kesava protect me with His club in the first portion of the day, and may Govinda, who is always engaged in playing His flute, protect me in the second portion of the day. May Lord Narayana, who is equipped with all potencies, protect me in the third part of the day, and may Lord Visnu, who carries a disc to kill His enemies, protect me in the fourth part of the day.
According to Vedic astronomical calculations, day and night are each divided into thirty ghatikas (twenty-four minutes), instead of twelve hours. Generally, each day and each night is divided into six parts consisting of five ghatikas. In each of these six portions of the day and night, the Lord may be addressed for protection according to different names. Lord Kesava, the proprietor of the holy place of Mathura, is the Lord of the first portion of the day, and Govinda, the Lord of Vrndavana. is the master of the second portion.
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