dhig aprajam striyam papam
dasim iva tiraskrtam
dhik—all condemnation; aprajam—without a son; striyam—upon a woman; papam—full of sinful activities; patyuh—by the husband; ca—also; a-grha-sammatam—who is not honored at home; su-prajabhih—who have sons; sapatnibhih—by co-wives; dasim—a maidservant; iva—exactly like; tiraskrtam—dishonored.
A wife who has no sons is neglected at home by her husband and dishonored by her co-wives exactly like a maidservant. Certainly such a woman is condemned in every respect because of her sinful life.
As stated by Canakya Pandita:
“A person who has no mother at home and whose wife does not speak sweetly should go to the forest. For such a person, living at home and living in the forest are equal.” Similarly, for a woman who has no son, who is not cared for by her husband and whose co-wives neglect her, treating her like a maidservant, to go to the forest is better than to remain at home.
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