TEXT 5
yadā vṛścikādiṣu pañcasu vartate tadāho-rātrāṇi viparyayāṇi bhavanti.
SYNONYMS
yadā—when; vṛścika-ādiṣu—headed by Vṛścika (Scorpio); pañcasu—five; vartate—remains; tadā—at that time; ahaḥ-rātrāṇi—the days and nights; viparyayāṇi—the opposite (the duration of the day decreases, and that of night increases); bhavanti—are.
TRANSLATION
When the sun passes through the five signs beginning with Vṛścika [Scorpio], the duration of the days decreases [until Capricorn], and then gradually it increases month after month, until day and night become equal [in Aries].

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