yada vrscikadisu pancasu vartate tadaho-ratrani viparyayani bhavanti.
yada—when; vrscika-adisu—headed by Vrscika (Scorpio); pancasu—five; vartate—remains; tada—at that time; ahah-ratrani—the days and nights; viparyayani—the opposite (the duration of the day decreases, and that of night increases); bhavanti—are.
When the sun passes through the five signs beginning with Vrscika [Scorpio], the duration of the days decreases [until Capricorn], and then gradually it increases month after month, until day and night become equal [in Aries].

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