yajnaya dharma-pataye vidhi-naipunaya
yogaya sankhya-sirase prakrtisvaraya
narayanaya haraye nama ity udaram
hasyan mrgatvam api yah samudajahara
yajnaya—unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who enjoys the results of all great sacrifices; dharma-pataye—unto the master or propounder of religious principles; vidhi-naipunaya—who gives the devotee the intelligence to follow the regulative principles expertly; yogaya—the personification of mystic yoga; sankhya-sirase—who taught the Sankhya philosophy or who actually gives knowledge of Sankhya to the people of the world; prakrti-isvaraya—the supreme controller of this cosmic manifestation; narayanaya—the resting place of the innumerable living entities (nara means the living entities, and ayana means the shelter); haraye—unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead, known as Hari; namah—respectful obeisances; iti—thus; udaram—very loudly; hasyan—smiling; mrgatvam api—although in the body of a deer; yah—who; samudajahara—chanted.
Even though in the body of a deer, Maharaja Bharata did not forget the Supreme Personality of Godhead; therefore when he was giving up the body of a deer, he loudly uttered the following prayer: “The Supreme Personality of Godhead is sacrifice personified. He gives the results of ritualistic activity. He is the protector of religious systems, the personification of mystic yoga, the source of all knowledge, the controller of the entire creation, and the Supersoul in every living entity. He is beautiful and attractive. I am quitting this body offering obeisances unto Him and hoping that I may perpetually engage in His transcendental loving service.” Uttering this, Maharaja Bharata left his body.
The entire Vedas are meant for the understanding of karma, jnana and yoga—fruitive activity, speculative knowledge and mystic yoga. Whatever way of spiritual realization we accept, the ultimate goal is Narayana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The living entities are eternally connected with Him via devotional service. As stated in Srimad-Bhagavatam, ante narayana-smrtih: the perfection of life is to remember Narayana at the time of death. Although Bharata Maharaja had to accept the body of a deer, he could remember Narayana at the time of death. Consequently he took birth as a perfect devotee in a brahmana family. This confirms the statement of Bhagavad-gita (6.41), sucinam srimatam gehe yoga-bhrasto ’bhijayate: “One who falls from the path of self-realization takes birth in a family of brahmanas or wealthy aristocrats.” Although Maharaja Bharata appeared in the royal family, he became neglectful and took birth as a deer. Because he was very cautious within his deer body, he took birth in a brahmana family as Jada Bharata. During this lifetime, he remained perfectly Krsna conscious and preached the gospel of Krsna consciousness directly, beginning with his instructions to Maharaja Rahugana. In this regard, the word yogaya is very significant. The purpose of astanga-yoga, as stated by Madhvacarya, is to link or connect with the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The goal is not to display some material perfections.
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