na yāvad etāṁ tanu-bhṛn narendra
vidhūya māyāṁ vayunodayena
vedātma-tattvaṁ bhramatīha tāvat
na—not; yāvat—as long as; etām—this; tanu-bhṛt—one who has accepted a material body; narendra—O King; vidhūya māyām—washing away the infection accumulated because of contamination by the material world; vayunā udayena—by awakening of transcendental knowledge due to good association and study of the Vedic literatures; vimukta-saṅgaḥ—free from all material association; jita-ṣaṭ-sapatnaḥ—conquering the six enemies (the five knowledge-acquiring senses and the mind); veda—knows; ātma-tattvam—spiritual truth; bhramati—he wanders; iha—in this material world; tāvat—until that time.
My dear King Rahūgaṇa, as long as the conditioned soul accepts the material body and is not freed from the contamination of material enjoyment, and as long as he does not conquer his six enemies and come to the platform of self-realization by awakening his spiritual knowledge, he has to wander among different places and different species of life in this material world.
When one’s mind is absorbed in the material conception, he thinks that he belongs to a particular nation, family, country or creed. These are all called upādhis, designations, and one has to become freed from them (sarvopādhi-vinirmuktam [Cc. Madhya 19.170]). As long as one is not freed, he has to continue conditioned life in material existence. The human form of life is meant for cleansing away these misconceptions. If this is not done, one has to repeat the cycle of birth and death and thus suffer all material conditions.
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