sudurlabham yat paramam padam harer
labdhvapy asiddhartham ivaika-janmana
katham svam atmanam amanyatartha-vit
vidurah uvaca—Vidura continued to inquire; sudurlabham—very rare; yat—that which; paramam—is the supreme; padam—situation; hareh—of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; maya-vinah—very affectionate; tat—His; carana—lotus feet; arcana—by worshiping; arjitam—achieved; labdhva—having attained; api—although; asiddha-artham—not fulfilled; iva—as if; eka-janmana—in the duration of one life; katham—why; svam—own; atmanam—heart; amanyata—he felt; artha-vit—being very wise.
Sri Vidura inquired: My dear brahmana, the abode of the Lord is very difficult to attain. It can be attained only by pure devotional service, which alone pleases the most affectionate, merciful Lord. Dhruva Maharaja achieved this position even in one life, and he was very wise and conscientious. Why, then, was he not very pleased?
Saint Vidura’s inquiry is very relevant. The word artha-vit, which refers to one who knows how to discriminate between reality and unreality, is very significant in this connection. An artha-vit is also called paramahamsa. A paramahamsa accepts only the active principle of everything; just as a swan accepts only the milk from a mixture of water and milk, a paramahamsa accepts only the Supreme Personality of Godhead as his life and soul, neglecting all external, material things. Dhruva Maharaja was in this category, and due to his determination he achieved, the result he desired, but still when he returned home he was not very pleased.
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