yo na paśyati vai bhidām
sa śāntim adhigacchati
trayāṇām—of the three; eka-bhāvānām—having one nature; yaḥ—who; na paśyati—does not see; vai—certainly; bhidām—separateness; sarva-bhūta-ātmanām—of the Supersoul of all living entities; brahman—O Dakṣa; saḥ—he; śāntim—peace; adhigacchati—realizes.
The Lord continued: One who does not consider Brahmā, Viṣṇu, Śiva or the living entities in general to be separate from the Supreme, and who knows Brahman, actually realizes peace; others do not.
Two words are very significant in this verse. Trayāṇām indicates “three,” namely Lord Brahmā, Lord Śiva and Lord Viṣṇu. Bhidām means “different.” They are three, and therefore they are separate, but at the same time they are one. This is the philosophy of simultaneous oneness and difference, which is called . The example given in the Brahma-saṁhitā is that milk and yogurt are simultaneously one and different; both are milk, but the yogurt has become changed. In order to achieve real peace, one should see everything and every living entity, including Lord Brahmā and Lord Śiva, as nondifferent from the Supreme Personality of Godhead. No one is independent. Every one of us is an expansion of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. This accounts for unity in diversity. There are diverse manifestations, but, at the same time, they are one in Viṣṇu. Everything is an expansion of Viṣṇu’s energy.
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