etad bhagavato rupam
param pradhanam purusam
etat—this; bhagavatah—of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; rupam—form; brahmanah—of Brahman; parama-atmanah—of Paramatma; param—transcendental; pradhanam—chief; purusam—personality; daivam—spiritual; karma-vicestitam—whose activities.
This purusa whom the individual soul must approach is the eternal form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is known as Brahman and Paramatma. He is the transcendental chief personality, and His activities are all spiritual.
In order to distinguish the personality whom the individual soul must approach, it is described herein that this purusa, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is the chief amongst all living entities and is the ultimate form of the impersonal Brahman effulgence and Paramatma manifestation. Since He is the origin of the Brahman effulgence and Paramatma manifestation, He is described herewith as the chief personality. It is confirmed in the Katha Upanisad, nityo nityanam: there are many eternal living entities, but He is the chief maintainer. This is confirmed in Bhagavad-gita also, where Lord Krsna says, aham sarvasya prabhavah: “I am the origin of everything, including the Brahman effulgence and Paramatma manifestation.” His activities are transcendental, as confirmed in Bhagavad-gita. Janma karma ca me divyam: [Bg. 4.9] the activities and the appearance and disappearance of the Supreme Personality of Godhead are transcendental; they are not to be considered material. Anyone who knows this fact—that the appearance, disappearance and activities of the Lord are beyond material activities or material conception—is liberated. Yo vetti tattvatah/ tyaktva deham punar janma: [Bg. 4.9] such a person, after quitting his body, does not come back again to this material world, but goes to the Supreme Person. It is confirmed here, purusah purusam vrajet: the living entity goes to the Supreme Personality simply by understanding His transcendental nature and activities.
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