devahutir uvaca
laksanam mahad-adinam
prakrteh purusasya ca
svarupam laksyate misam
yena tat-paramarthikam
yatha sankhyesu kathitam
yan-mulam tat pracaksate
bhakti-yogasya me margam
bruhi vistarasah prabho
devahutih uvacaDevahuti said; laksanamsymptoms; mahat-adinamof the mahat-tattva and so on; prakrtehof material nature; purusasyaof the spirit; caand; svarupamthe nature; laksyateis described; amisamof those; yenaby which; tat-parama-arthikamthe true nature of them; yathaas; sankhyesuin Sankhya philosophy; kathitamis explained; yatof which; mulamultimate end; tatthat; pracaksatethey call; bhakti-yogasyaof devotional service; meto me; margamthe path; bruhiplease explain; vistarasahat length; prabhomy dear Lord Kapila.
Devahuti inquired: My dear Lord, You have already very scientifically described the symptoms of the total material nature and the characteristics of the spirit according to the Sankhya system of philosophy. Now I shall request You to explain the path of devotional service, which is the ultimate end of all philosophical systems.
In this Twenty-ninth Chapter, the glories of devotional service are elaborately explained, and the influence of time on the conditioned soul is also described. The purpose of elaborately describing the influence of time is to detach the conditioned soul from his material activities, which are considered to be simply a waste of time. In the previous chapter, material nature, the spirit and the Supreme Lord, or Supersoul, are analytically studied, and in this chapter the principles of bhakti-yoga, or devotional servicethe execution of activities in the eternal relationship between the living entities and the Personality of Godheadare explained.
Bhakti-yoga, devotional service, is the basic principle of all systems of philosophy; all philosophy which does not aim for devotional service to the Lord is considered merely mental speculation. But of course bhakti-yoga with no philosophical basis is more or less sentiment. There are two classes of men. Some consider themselves intellectually advanced and simply speculate and meditate, and others are sentimental and have no philosophical basis for their propositions. Neither of these can achieve the highest goal of lifeor, if they do, it will take them many, many years. Vedic literature therefore suggests that there are three elementsnamely the Supreme Lord, the living entity and their eternal relationshipand the goal of life is to follow the principles of bhakti, or devotional service, and ultimately attain to the planet of the Supreme Lord in full devotion and love as an eternal servitor of the Lord.
Sankhya philosophy is the analytical study of all existence. One has to understand everything by examining its nature and characteristics. This is called acquirement of knowledge. But one should not simply acquire knowledge without reaching the goal of life or the basic principle for acquiring knowledgebhakti-yoga. If we give up bhakti-yoga and simply busy ourselves in the analytical study of the nature of things as they are, then the result will be practically nil. It is stated in the Bhagavatam that such engagement is something like husking a paddy. There is no use beating the husk if the grain has already been removed. By the scientific study of material nature, the living entity and the Supersoul, one has to understand the basic principle of devotional service to the Lord.

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