kasayo madhuras tiktah
katv amla iti naikadha
rasa eko vibhidyate
kasayah—astringent; madhurah—sweet; tiktah—bitter; katu—pungent; amlah—sour; iti—thus; na-ekadha—manifoldly; bhautikanam—of other substances; vikarena—by transformation; rasah—the subtle element taste; ekah—originally one; vibhidyate—is divided.
Although originally one, taste becomes manifold as astringent, sweet, bitter, pungent, sour and salty due to contact with other substances.
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