vastuny osadhayah sneha
rasa-loha-mrdo jalam
rco yajumsi samani
catur-hotram ca sattama
vastuni—utensils; osadhayah—grains; snehah—clarified butter; rasa-loha-mrdah—honey, gold and earth; jalam—water; rcah—the Rg Veda; yajumsi—the Yajur Veda; samani—the Sama Veda; catuh-hotram—four persons conducting the performance; ca—all these; sattama—O most pious one.
Other requirements are utensils, grains, clarified butter, honey, gold, earth, water, the Rg Veda, Yajur Veda and Sama Veda and four priests to perform the sacrifice.
To perform a sacrifice successfully, at least four expert priests are needed: one who can offer (hota), one who can chant (udgata), one who can kindle the sacrificial fire without the aid of separate fire (adhvaryu), and one who can supervise (brahma). Such sacrifices were conducted from the birth of Brahma, the first living creature, and were carried on till the reign of Maharaja Yudhisthira. But such expert brahmana priests are very rare in this age of corruption and quarrel, and therefore in the present age only the yajna of chanting the holy name of the Lord is recommended. The scriptures enjoin:
harer nama harer nama
harer namaiva kevalam
kalau nasty eva nasty eva
nasty eva gatir anyatha
[Cc. Adi 17.21]

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