ajata-satruh krta-maitro hutagnir
vipran natva tila-go-bhumi-rukmaih
grham pravisto guru-vandanaya
na capasyat pitarau saubalim ca
ajata—never born; satruh—enemy; krta—having performed; maitrah—worshiping the demigods; huta-agnih—and offering fuel in the fire; vipran—the brahmanas; natva—offering obeisances; tila-go-bhumi-rukmaih—along with grains, cows, land and gold; grham—within the palace; pravistah—having entered into; guru-vandanaya—for offering respect to the elderly members; na—did not; ca—also; apasyat—see; pitarau—his uncles; saubalim—Gandhari; ca—also.
Maharaja Yudhisthira, whose enemy was never born, performed his daily morning duties by praying, offering fire sacrifice to the sun-god, and offering obeisances, grains, cows, land and gold to the brahmanas. He then entered the palace to pay respects to the elderly. However, he could not find his uncles or aunt, the daughter of King Subala.
Maharaja Yudhisthira was the most pious king because he personally practiced daily the pious duties for the householders. The householders are required to rise early in the morning, and after bathing they should offer respects to the Deities at home by prayers, by offering fuel in the sacred fire, by giving the brahmanas in charity land, cows, grains, gold, etc., and at last offering to the elderly members due respects and obeisances. One who is not prepared to practice injunctions prescribed in the sastras cannot be a good man simply by book knowledge. Modern householders are practiced to different modes of life, namely to rise late and then take bed tea without any sort of cleanliness and without any purificatory practices as mentioned above. The household children are taken to practice what the parents practice, and therefore the whole generation glides towards hell. Nothing good can be expected from them unless they associate with sadhus. Like Dhrtarastra, the materialistic person may take lessons from a sadhu like Vidura and thus be cleansed of the effects of modern life.
Maharaja Yudhisthira, however, could not find in the palace his two uncles, namely Dhrtarastra and Vidura, along with Gandhari, the daughter of King Subala. He was anxious to see them and therefore asked Sanjaya, the private secretary of Dhrtarastra.
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