santa-adi rasera 'yoga', 'viyoga'--dui bheda
sakhya-vatsalye yogadira aneka vibheda
santa-adi rasera—of the mellows beginning from neutrality; yoga—connection; viyoga—separation; dui bheda—two divisions; sakhya—in the mellow of friendship; vatsalye—in paternal affection; yoga-adira—of connection and separation; aneka vibheda—many varieties.
"There are two divisions of each of the five mellows-yoga [connection] and viyoga [separation]. Among the mellows of friendship and parental affection, there are many divisions of connection and separation.
In the Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu, these divisions are described:
prabhedau kathitav ubhau
In the mellows of bhakti-yoga, there are two stages-ayoga and yoga. Ayoga is described in the Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu:
sangabhavo harer dhirair
ayoga iti kathyate
ayoge tvan-manaskatvam
sarvesam kathitah kriyah
Learned scholars in the science of bhakti-yoga say that when there is an absence of association with the Supreme Personality of Godhead, separation takes place. In the stage of ayoga (separation), the mind is filled with Krsna consciousness and is fully absorbed in thoughts of Krsna. In that stage, the devotee searches out the transcendental qualities of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. It is said that in that stage of separation, all the devotees in the different mellows are always active in thinking of ways to attain Krsna's association.
The word yoga (connection) is thus described:
krsnena sangamo yas tu
sa yoga iti kirtyate
"When one meets Krsna directly, that is called yoga."
In the transcendental mellows of neutrality and servitorship, there are similar divisions of yoga and viyoga, but they are not variegated. The divisions of yoga and viyoga are always existing in the five mellows. However, in the transcendental mellows of friendship and paternal affection, there are many varieties of yoga and viyoga. The varieties of yoga are thus described:
yogo 'pi kathitah siddhis
tustih sthitir iti tridha
Yoga (connection) is of three types-success, satisfaction and permanence. The divisions of ayoga (separation) are thus described:
utkanthitam viyogas cety
ayogo 'pi dvidhocyate
Thus ayoga has two divisions-longing and separation.

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