śvapāko 'pi budhaiḥ ślāgyo
na vedajño 'pi nāstikaḥ
śuciḥ—a brāhmaṇa purified internally and externally; sat-bhakti—of devotional service without motives; dīpta-agni—by the blazing fire; dagdha—burnt to ashes; durjāti—such as birth in a low family; kalmaṣaḥ—whose sinful reactions; śva-pākaḥ api—even though born in a family of dog-eaters; budhaiḥ—by learned scholars; ślāgyaḥ—recognized; na—not; veda-jñaḥ api—even though completely conversant in Vedic knowledge; nāstikaḥ—an atheist.
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu said, " 'A person who has the pure characteristics of a brāhmaṇa due to devotional service, which is like a blazing fire burning to ashes all the sinful reactions of past lives, is certainly saved from the consequences of sinful acts, such as taking birth in a lower family. Even though he may be born in a family of dog-eaters, he is recognized by learned scholars. However, although a person may be a learned scholar in Vedic knowledge, he is not recognized if he is an atheist.
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