TEXT 177
sadhana-bhakti haite haya 'rati'ra udaya
rati gadha haile tara 'prema' nama kaya
sadhana-bhaktithe process of regularly rendering devotional service; haitefrom; hayathere is; ratiraof attachment; udayathe awakening; ratisuch attachment; gadha hailebecoming thick; taraof this; premalove of Godhead; namathe name; kayais said.
"By regularly rendering devotional service, one gradually becomes attached to the Supreme Personality of Godhead. When that attachment is intensified, it becomes love of Godhead.
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (1.2.2) gives the following information about sadhana-bhakti:
krti-sadhya bhavet sadhya-
bhava sa sadhanabhidha
nitya-siddhasya bhavasya
prakatyam hrdi sadhyata
The process of devotional service-beginning with chanting and hearing-is called sadhana-bhakti. This includes the regulative principles that are intended to awaken one to devotional service. Devotional service is always dormant in everyone's heart, and by the offenseless chanting of the holy names of the Lord, one's original dormant Krsna consciousness is awakened. This awakening to Krsna consciousness is the beginning of sadhana-bhakti. This can be divided into many different parts, including faith, association with devotees, initiation by the spiritual master, engagement in devotional service under the instructions of a spiritual master, steadiness in devotional service and the awakening of a taste for devotional service. In this way, one can become attached to Krsna and His service, and when this attachment is intensified, it results in ecstatic love for Krsna. The word rati is explained in the Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (1.3.41) as follows:
vyaktam masrnatevantar-
laksyate rati-laksanam
mumuksu-prabhrtinam ced
bhaved esa ratir na hi
"When a tenderness of the heart is manifest, there is rati, or attachment. Those who are interested in being liberated from material bondage must manifest this tenderness called rati." This attachment is not like material attachment. When one is liberated from material contamination, the awakening of attachment for Krsna's service is called rati. In the material world there is attachment for material enjoyment, but this is not rati. Transcendental rati can be awakened only on the spiritual platform. Ecstatic love for Krsna (prema) is described in the Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (1.41) as follows:
samyan masrnita-svanto
bhavah sa eva sandratma
budhaih prema nigadyate
"When the heart is completely softened and devoid of all material desires and when one's emotional feelings become very strong, one becomes very much attached to Krsna. Such purified emotion is known as pure love."

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