eta suni' sarvabhauma prabhure puchila
puri-gosani sudra-sevaka kanhe ta' rakhila
eta suni'-hearing this; sarvabhauma—Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya; prabhure—unto the Lord; puchila—inquired; puri-gosani—Isvara Puri; sudra-sevaka—a servant who is a sudra; kanhe ta'—why; rakhila—kept.
After hearing this, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya asked Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, "Why did Isvara Puri keep a servant who comes from a sudra family?"
Both Kasisvara and Govinda were personal servants of Isvara Puri. After Isvara Puri's demise, Kasisvara went to visit all the holy places of India. Following the orders of his spiritual master, Govinda immediately went to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu for shelter. Govinda came from a sudra family, but because he was initiated by Isvara Puri, he was certainly a brahmana. Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya here asked Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu why Isvara Puri accepted a disciple from a sudra family. According to the smrti-sastra, which gives directions for the management of the varnasrama institution, a brahmana cannot accept a disciple from the lower castes. In other words, a ksatriya, vaisya or sudra cannot be accepted as a servant. If a spiritual master accepts such a person, he is contaminated. Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya therefore asked why Isvara Puri accepted a servant or disciple born of a sudra family.
In answer to this question, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied that His spiritual master, Isvara Puri, was so empowered that he was as good as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. As such, Isvara Puri was the spiritual master of the whole world. He was not a servant of any mundane rule or regulation. An empowered spiritual master like Isvara Puri can bestow his mercy upon anyone, irrespective of caste or creed. The conclusion is that a spiritual master who is authorized and empowered by Krsna and his own guru should be considered as good as the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself. That is the verdict of Visvanatha Cakravarti: saksad-dharitvenasa. An authorized spiritual master is as good as Hari, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. As Hari is free to act as He likes, the empowered spiritual master is also free. As Hari is not subject to mundane rules and regulations, the spiritual master empowered by Him is also not subject. According to the Caitanya-caritamrta (Antya-lila 7.11), krsna-sakti vina nahe tara pravartana. An authorized spiritual master empowered by Krsna can spread the glories of the holy name of the Lord, for he has power of attorney from the Supreme Personality of Godhead. In the mundane world, anyone possessing his master's power of attorney can act on behalf of his master. Similarly, a spiritual master empowered by Krsna through his own bona fide spiritual master should be considered as good as the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself. That is the meaning of saksad-dharitvena. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu therefore describes the activities of the Supreme Personality of Godhead and the bona fide spiritual master as follows.
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