TEXT 51
'anubhava'--smita, nrtya, gitadi udbhasvara
stambhadi--'sattvika' anubhavera bhitara
SYNONYMS
anubhava—subordinate ecstasy; smita—smiling; nrtya—dancing; gita-adi—songs and so on; udbhasvara—symptoms of bodily manifestation; stambha-adi—being stunned and others; sattvika—natural; anubhavera bhitara—within the category of subordinate ecstasies.
TRANSLATION
"The subordinate ecstasies are smiling, dancing and singing, as well as different manifestations in the body. The natural ecstasies, such as being stunned, are considered among the subordinate ecstasies [anubhava].
In the Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu, vibhava is described as follows:
tatra jneya vibhavas tu
raty-asvadana-hetavah
te dvidhalambana eke
tathaivoddipanah pare
"The cause bringing about the tasting of love for Krsna is called vibhava. Vibhava is divided into two categories-alambana (support) and uddipana (awakening)."
In the Agni Purana it is stated:
vibhavyate hi raty-adir
yatra yena vibhavyate
vibhavo nama sa dvedha-
lambanoddipanatmakah
"That which causes love for Krsna to appear is called vibhava. That has two divisions-alambana [in which love appears] and uddipana [by which love appears]."
In the Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu, the following is stated about alambana:
krsnas ca krsna-bhaktas ca
budhair alambana matah
raty-ader visayatvena
tathadharatayapi ca
"The object of love is Krsna, and the container of that love is the devotee of Krsna. Both of them are called by the learned scholars alambana-the foundations." Similarly, uddipana is described:
uddipanas tu te prokta
bhavam uddipayanti ye
"Those things which awaken ecstatic love are called uddipana."
te tu sri-krsna-candrasya
gunas cestah prasadhanam
Mainly this awakening is made possible by the qualities and activities of Krsna, as well as by His mode of decoration and the way His hair is arranged.
smitanga-saurabhe vamsa-
srnga-nupura-kambavah
padanka-ksetra-tulasi-
bhakta-tad-vasaradayah
"Krsna's smile, the fragrance of His transcendental body, His flute, bugle, ankle bells, conchshell, the marks on His feet, His place of residence, His favorite plant [tulasi], His devotees, and the observance of fasts and vows connected to His devotion all awaken the symptoms of ecstatic love."
In the Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu, anubhava is described as follows:
anubhavas tu citta-stha-
bhavanam avabodhakah
te bahir vikriya prayah
prokta udbhasvarakhyaya
The many external ecstatic symptoms or bodily transformations which indicate ecstatic emotions in the mind, and which are also called udbhasvara, are the anubhavas, or subordinate ecstatic expressions of love. Some of these are dancing, falling down and rolling on the ground, singing and crying very loudly, bodily contortions, loud vibrations, yawning, deep breathing, disregard for others, the frothing of saliva, mad laughter, spitting, hiccups and other similar symptoms. All these symptoms are divided into two divisions-sita and ksepana. Singing, yawning and so on are called sita. Dancing and bodily contortions are called ksepana.
The Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu describes udbhasvara as follows:
udbhasante svadhamniti
prokta udbhasvara budhaih
nivyuttariya-dhammilla-
sramsanam gatra-motanam
jrmbha ghranasya phullatvam
nisvasadyas ca te matah
The ecstatic symptoms manifest in the external body of a person in ecstatic love are called by learned scholars udbhasvara. Some of these are a slackening of the belt and a dropping of clothes and hair. Others are bodily contortions, yawning, a trembling of the front portion of the nostrils, heavy breathing, hiccupping and falling down and rolling on the ground. These are the external manifestations of emotional love. Stambha and other symptoms are described in Madhya-lila (14.167).

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