TEXTS 13-15
tatra tatropasrnvanah
sva-purvesam mahatmanam
pragiyamanam ca yasah
krsna-mahatmya-sucakam
atmanam ca paritratam
asvatthamno 'stra-tejasah
sneham ca vrsni-parthanam
tesam bhaktim ca kesave
tebhyah parama-santustah
prity-ujjrmbhita-locanah
maha-dhanani vasamsi
dadau haran maha-manah
SYNONYMS
tatra tatra—everywhere the King visited; upasrnvanah—continuously he heard; sva-purvesam—about his own forefathers; maha-atmanam—who were all great devotees of the Lord; pragiyamanam—unto those who were thus addressing; ca—also; yasah—glories; krsna—Lord Krsna; mahatmya—glorious acts; sucakam—indicating; atmanam—his personal self; ca—also; paritratam—delivered; asvatthamnah—of Asvatthama; astra—weapon; tejasah—powerful rays; sneham—affection; ca—also; vrsni-parthanam—between descendants of Vrsni and those of Prtha; tesam—of all of them; bhaktim—devotion; ca—also; kesave—unto Lord Krsna; tebhyah—unto them; parama—extremely; santustah—pleased; priti—attraction; ujjrmbhita—pleasingly open; locanah—one who has such eyes; maha-dhanani—valuable riches; vasamsi—clothing; dadau—gave in charity; haran—necklace; maha-manah—one who has a broader outlook.
TRANSLATION
Wherever the King visited, he continuously heard the glories of his great forefathers, who were all devotees of the Lord, and also of the glorious acts of Lord Krsna. He also heard how he himself had been protected by the Lord from the powerful heat of the weapon of Asvatthama. People also mentioned the great affection between the descendants of Vrsni and Prtha due to the latter's great devotion to Lord Kesava. The King, being very pleased with the singers of such glories, opened his eyes in great satisfaction. Out of magnanimity he was pleased to award them very valuable necklaces and clothing.
PURPORT
Kings and great personalities of the state are presented with welcome addresses. This is a system from time immemorial, and Maharaja Pariksit, since he was one of the well-known emperors of the world, was also presented with addresses of welcome in all parts of the world as he visited those places. The subject matter of those welcome addresses was Krsna. Krsna means Krsna and His eternal devotees, as the king means the king and his confidential associates.
Krsna and His unalloyed devotees cannot be separated, and therefore glorifying the devotee means glorifying the Lord and vice versa. Maharaja Pariksit would not have been glad to hear about the glories of his forefathers like Maharaja Yudhisthira and Arjuna had they not been connected with the acts of Lord Krsna. The Lord descends specifically to deliver His devotees (paritranaya sadhunam [Bg. 4.8]). The devotees are glorified by the presence of the Lord because they cannot live for a moment without the presence of the Lord and His different energies. The Lord is present for the devotee by His acts and glories, and therefore Maharaja Pariksit felt the presence of the Lord when He was glorified by His acts, especially when he was saved by the Lord in the womb of his mother. The devotees of the Lord are never in danger, but in the material world which is full of dangers at every step, the devotees are apparently placed into dangerous positions, and when they are saved by the Lord, the Lord is glorified. Lord Krsna would not have been glorified as the speaker of the Bhagavad-gita had His devotees like the Pandavas not been entangled in the Battlefield of Kuruksetra. All such acts of the Lord were mentioned in the addresses of welcome, and Maharaja Pariksit, in full satisfaction, rewarded those who presented such addresses. The difference between the presentation of welcome addresses today and in those days is that formerly the welcome addresses were presented to a person like Maharaja Pariksit. The welcome addresses were full of facts and figures, and those who presented such addresses were sufficiently rewarded, whereas in the present days the welcome addresses are presented not always with factual statements but to please the postholder, and often they are full of flattering lies. And rarely are those who present such welcome addresses rewarded by the poor receiver.

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